Battery Electric Heavy Goods Vehicles in Intelligent Container Terminal Operation (BESIC)
Partner: HHLA Container-Terminal Altenwerder GmbH, Terex MHPS GmbH, Vattenfall Europe Innovation GmbH, Technische Universität Clausthal als Träger des Energie-Forschungszentrum Niedersachsen, Carl-von-Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg Department für Informatik
Project duration: 01/2013 - 06/2016
Methods: Literature Review, Mathematical Modelling, TCO-Analysis
Generally, the project's aim is to examine whether electric mobility makes economic sense in closed transport systems in combination with implementation of a battery swapping station. Project partners are several universities, Vattenfall and the HHLA AG as largest German port operator.
Within the frame of the project, we focus on the assessment of economical feasibility. Of special importance for the profitability are possible savings on energy procurement and operating costs resulting from:
(1) general lower vehicles operation cost;
(2) implementation of smart charging strategies (charging in off-peak hours)
(3) offer of Vehicle-to-Grid services.
In this regard, the basic idea of the V2G concept is that batteries located unused in the swapping station can generate additional profits by storing surplus energy when necessary or supply energy during off-peak periods. Additional benefits or reduced energy procurement cost could promote the market penetration of electric transport vehicles and would support the governments objective of achieving a sustainable transport system.
From an environmental point of view, the substitution of conventional transport vehicles for EVs is an important and often underestimated factor for achieving climate protection objectives. In addition, the implementation of controlled charging strategies is also associated with energetic benefits.