Bolz, J., & Kley, J.
2020. Emplacement of exotic Zechstein slivers along the inverted Sontra Graben (northern Hessen, Germany): clues from balanced cross-sections and geometrical forward modelling. Solid Earth Discussions, 1-27.

Hindle, D., & Kley J., 2020. The Subhercynian Basin: An example of an intraplate foreland basin due to a broken plate. Solid Earth Discussions (2020):1-24. https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2020-183

Voigt, T., Kley, J., & Voigt, S. 2020. Dawn and Dusk of Late Cretaceous Basin Inversion in Central Europe. Solid Earth Discussions, 1-41. https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2020-183

von Eynatten, H., Kley, J., Dunkl, I., Hoffmann, V. E., & Simon, A. 2020. Late Cretaceous to Paleogene exhumation in Central Europe - localized inversion vs. large-scale domal uplift. Solid Earth Discussions, 1-43. https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2020-183


Afşar, F., Luijendijk, E., 2019. Quantifying a critical marl thickness for vertical fracture extension using field data and numerical experiments. Geosci. Front. 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2019.05.008

Bauer, J.F., Krumbholz, M., Luijendijk, E., Tanner, D.C., 2019. A numerical sensitivity study of how permeability, geological structure, and hydraulic gradient control the lifetime of a geothermal reservoir. Solid Earth Discuss. 1–33. doi:10.5194/se-2019-112

Louis, S., Luijendijk, E., Dunkl, I., Person, M., 2019. Episodic fluid flow in an active fault. Geology 47, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1130/G46254.1

Luijendijk, E., 2019. Beo v1.0: Numerical model of heat flow and low-temperature thermochronology in hydrothermal systems. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. 1–17. doi:10.5194/gmd-2018-341

Malz, A., Madritsch, H., Jordan, P., Meier, B., Kley, J., 2019. Along-strike variations in thin-skinned thrusting style controlled by pre-existing basement structure in the easternmost Jura Mountains (Northern Switzerland). Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ. SP490-2019–090.

Nadoll, P., Sośnicka, M., Kraemer, D., Duschl, F., 2019. Post-Variscan structurally-controlled hydrothermal Zn-Fe-Pb sulfide and F-Ba mineralization in deep-seated Paleozoic units of the North German Basin: A review. Ore Geol. Rev. 106, 273–299. doi:10.1016/j.oregeorev.2019.01.022

Warsitzka, M., Jähne-Klingberg, F., Kley, J., Kukowski, N., 2019. The timing of salt structure growth in the Southern Permian Basin (Central Europe) and implications for basin dynamics. Basin Res. 31, 337–360. https://doi.org/10.1111/bre.12323


Arfai, J., Franke, D., Lutz, R., Reinhardt, L., Kley, J., Gaedicke, C., 2018. Rapid Quaternary subsidence in the northwestern German North Sea. Sci. Rep. 8, 11524. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29638-6

Ferguson, G., Mcintosh, J.C., Grasby, S.E., Hendry, M.J., Jasechko, S., Lindsay, M.B.J., Luijendijk, E., 2018. The Persistence of Brines in Sedimentary Basins. Geophys. Res. Lett. 45, 4851–4858. doi:10.1029/2018GL078409

Nadoll, P., Rehm, M., Duschl, F., Klemd, R., Kraemer, D., So´snicka, M.S., 2018. REY and Trace Element Chemistry of Fluorite from Post-Variscan Hydrothermal Veins in Paleozoic Units of the North German Basin. Geosciences 8, 283. doi:10.3390/geosciences8080283

Warsitzka, M., Kukowski, N., Kley, J., 2018. Salt flow direction and velocity during subsalt normal faulting and syn-kinematic sedimentation-implications from analytical calculations. Geophys. J. Int. doi:10.1093/gji/ggx552

Malone, D.H., Stein, C.A., Craddock, J.P., Kley, J., Stein, S., Malone, J.E., 2018. Maximum depositional age of the Neoproterozoic Jacobsville Sandstone, Michigan: Implications for the evolution of the Midcontinent Rift: REPLY. Geosphere 14, 1382–1384. doi:10.1130/GES01302.1

Kley, J., 2018. Timing and spatial patterns of Cretaceous and Cenozoic inversion in the Southern Permian Basin, in: Kilhams, B., Kukla, P. A., Mazur, S., McKie, T., Munlieff, H. F. & van Ojik, K. (Ed.), Mesozoic Resource Potential of the Southern Permian Basin. Geological Society, London. doi:10.1144/SP469.12

Kley, J., 2018. Hans Stille in Göttingen. Glob. Tectonics Metallog. 10, 61–65. doi:10.1127/gtm/2018/0011

Stein, S., Stein, C.A., Elling, R., Kley, J., Keller, G.R., Wysession, M., Rooney, T., Frederiksen, A., Moucha, R., 2018. Insights from North America’s failed Midcontinent Rift into the evolution of continental rifts and passive continental margins ☆. Tectonophysics 744, 403–421. doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2018.07.021


Befus, K.M., Jasechko, S., Luijendijk, E., Gleeson, T., Cardenas, M.B., 2017. The rapid yet uneven turnover of Earth's groundwater. Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1002/2017GL073322

Hueck, M., Oriolo, S., Dunkl, I., Wemmer, K., Oyhantçabal, P., Schanofski, M., Ângelo, M., Basei, S., Siegesmund, S., 2017. Phanerozoic low-temperature evolution of the Uruguayan Shield along the South American passive margin. J. Geol. Soc. London. doi:10.1144/jgs2016-101

Jasechko, S., Perrone, D., Befus, K.M., Bayani Cardenas, M., Ferguson, G., Gleeson, T., Luijendijk, E., McDonnell, J.J., Taylor, R.G., Wada, Y., Kirchner, J.W., 2017. Global aquifers dominated by fossil groundwaters but wells vulnerable to modern contamination. Nat. Geosci. doi:10.1038/ngeo2943

Kossak-Glowczewski, J., Froitzheim, N., Nagel, T., Pleuger, J., Keppler, R., Leiss, B., Régent, V., 2017. Along-strike shear-sense reversal in the Vals-Scaradra Shear Zone at the front of the Adula Nappe (Central Alps, Switzerland). Swiss J. Geosci. doi:10.1007/s00015-017-0270-7

Navabpour, P., Malz, A., Kley, J., Siegburg, M., Kasch, N., Ustaszewski, K., 2017. Intraplate brittle deformation and states of paleostress constrained by fault kinematics in the central German platform. Tectonophysics. doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2016.11.033

Oriolo, S., Oyhantçabal, P., Wemmer, K., Siegesmund, S., 2017. Contemporaneous assembly of Western Gondwana and final Rodinia break-up: Implications for the supercontinent cycle. Geosci. Front. in press. doi:10.1016/j.gsf.2017.01.009

Warsitzka, M., Kley, J., Jähne-Klingberg, F., Kukowski, N., 2017. Dynamics of prolonged salt movement in the Glückstadt Graben (NW Germany) driven by tectonic and sedimentary processes. Int. J. Earth Sci. 106, 131-155. doi:10.1007/s00531-016-1306-3


Arfai, J., Lutz, R., Franke, D., Gaedicke, C., Kley, J., 2016. Mass-transport deposits and reservoir quality of Upper Cretaceous Chalk within the German Central Graben, North Sea. Int. J. Earth Sci. doi:10.1007/s00531-015-1194-y

Bogdan Tatomir, A., Halisch, M., Duschl, F., Peche, A., Wiegand, B., Schaffer, M., Licha, T., Niemi, A., Bensabat, J., Sauter, M., 2016. An integrated core-based analysis for the characterization of flow, transport and mineralogical parameters of the Heletz pilot CO2 storage site reservoir. Int. J. Greenh. Gas Control. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.01.030

Duschl, F., van den Kerkhof, A., Sosa, G., Leiss, B., Wiegand, B., Vollbrecht, A., Sauter, M., 2016. Fluid inclusion and microfabric studies on Zechstein carbonates (Ca2) and related fracture mineralizations - New insights on gas migration in the Lower Saxony Basin (Germany). Mar. Pet. Geol. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2016.06.020

Gleeson, Tom, Kevin M Befus, Scott Jasechko, Elco Luijendijk & M Bayani Cardenas (2016). The Global Volume and Distribution of Modern Groundwater. Nature Geoscience 9: 161-167. doi:10.1038/ngeo2590. link to abstract

Hueck, M., Basei, M.A.S., Castro, N.A. de, 2016. Origin and evolution of the granitic intrusions in the Brusque Group of the Dom Feliciano Belt, south Brazil: Petrostructural analysis and whole-rock/isotope geochemistry. J. South Am. Earth Sci. 69, 131?151. doi:10.1016/j.jsames.2016.04.004

Löbens, S., Oriolo, S., Benowitz, J., Wemmer, K., Layer, P., Siegesmund, S., 2016. Late Paleozoic deformation and exhumation in the Sierras Pampeanas (Argentina): 40Ar/39Ar-feldspar dating constraints. Int. J. Earth Sci. 1?13. doi:10.1007/s00531-016-1403-3

Malone, D.H., Stein, C.A., Craddock, J.P., Kley, J., Stein, S., Malone, J.E., 2016. Maximum depositional age of the Neoproterozoic Jacobsville Sandstone, Michigan: Implications for the evolution of the Midcontinent Rift. Geosphere. doi:10.1130/GES01302.1

Malz, A., Madritsch, H., Meier, B., & Kley, J. (2016) An unusual triangle zone in the external northern Alpine foreland (Switzerland): Structural inheritance, kinematics and implications for the development of the adjacent Jura fold-and-thrust belt. Tectonophysics 670. 127-143. link

Oriolo, S., Oyhantçabal, P., Wemmer, K., Heidelbach, F., Pfänder, J., Basei, M.A.S., Hueck, M., Hannich, F., Sperner, B., Siegesmund, S., 2016. Shear zone evolution and timing of deformation in the Neoproterozoic transpressional Dom Feliciano Belt, Uruguay. J. Struct. Geol. 92, 59?78. doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2016.09.010

Oriolo, S., Oyhantçabal, P., Wemmer, K., Basei, M.A.S., Benowitz, J., Pfänder, J., Hannich, F., Siegesmund, S., 2016. Timing of deformation in the Sarandí del Yí Shear Zone, Uruguay: Implications for the amalgamation of western Gondwana during the Neoproterozoic Brasiliano-Pan-African Orogeny. Tectonics 35, 754?771. doi:10.1002/2015TC004052

Oriolo, S., Oyhantçabal, P., Basei, M.A.S., Wemmer, K., Siegesmund, S., 2016. The Nico Pérez Terrane (Uruguay): From Archean crustal growth and connections with the Congo Craton to late Neoproterozoic accretion to the Río de la Plata Craton. Precambrian Res. 280, 147?160. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2016.04.014

Yilmaz, T.I., Duschl, F., Di Genova, D., 2016. Feathery and network-like filamentous textures as indicators for the re-crystallization of quartz from a metastable silica precursor at the Rusey Fault Zone, Cornwall, UK. Solid Earth. doi:10.5194/se-7-1509-2016

Stein, S., Stein, C., Kley, J., Keller, R.G., Merino, M., Wolin, E., Wiens, D.A., Wysession, M., Alequabi, G., Shen, W., Frederiksen, A., Darbyshire, F., Jurdy, D., Waite, G., Rose, W., Vye, E., Rooney, T., Moucha, R., Brown, E., 2016. New insights into North America´s Midcontinent Rift. Eos (Washington. DC). 97.


Oriolo, S., Oyhantçabal, P., Heidelbach, F., Wemmer, K., Siegesmund, S. 2015. Structural evolution of the Sarandí del Yí Shear Zone, Uruguay: kinematics, deformation conditions and tectonic significance. International Journal of Earth Sciences 104: 1759-1777. doi 10.1007/s00531-015-1166-2. link to abstract

Japas, M.S., Ré, G.H., Oriolo, S., Vilas, J.F. 2015. Palaeomagnetic data from the Precordillera fold and thrust belt constraining Neogene foreland evolution of the Pampean flat-slab segment (Central Andes, Argentina). Geological Society of London, Special Publication 425. doi 10.1144/SP425.9. link to abstract

Oriolo, S., Cristallini, E.O., Japas, M.S., Yagupsky, D.L. 2015. Neogene structure of the Andean Precordillera, Argentina: insights from analogue models. Andean Geology 42(1): 20-35. doi 10.5027/andgeoV42n1-a02. link to abstract

Silke Meier, Johanna F. Bauer, Sonja L. Philipp (2015). Fault zone characteristics, fracture systems and permeability implications of Middle Triassic Muschelkalk in Southwest Germany. Journal of Structural Geology 70, 170-189. link to abstract

Howald, T., Person, M., Campbell, A., Lueth V., Hofstra, A., Sweetkind, D., Gable C.W., Banerjee, A., Luijendijk, E., Crossey, L., Karlstrom K., Kelley, S. and Phillips, F. (2015). Evidence for long-time scale (> 1000 years) changes in hydrothermal activity induced by seismic events, Geofluids 15(1-2), 252-268. link to abstract

E. Luijendijk and T. Gleeson (2015) How well can we predict permeability in sedimentary basins? Deriving and evaluating porosity-permeability equations for noncemented sand and clay mixtures. Geofluids, 15(1-2) 67-83. link to abstract

Ranjram, M., Gleeson, T. and Luijendijk, E. (2015) Is the permeability of crystalline rock in the shallow crust related to depth, lithology or tectonic setting? Geofluids, 15(1-2), 106-119. link to abstract


Afsar, F., Westphal, H. and Philipp, S.L. (2014) How facies and diagenesis affect fracturing of limestone beds and reservoir permeability in limestone-marl alternations. Marine and Petroleum Geology 57: 418-432. abstract

Krumbholz, M., Vollbrecht, A. and Aschoff, M. (2014): Recent horizontal stress directions in basement rocks of southern Sweden deduced from open microcracks. Journal of Structural Geology 65: 33-43. abstract

Cording, A., Hetzel, R., Kober, M. and Kley, J. (2014) Be-10 exposure dating of river terraces at the southern mountain front of the Dzungarian Alatau (SE Kazakhstan) reveals rate of thrust faulting over the past similar to 400 ka. Quaternary Research 81: 168-178. abstract

Voorde, M., Van Balen, R., Luijendijk, E. and Kooi, H. (2014), Weichselian and Holocene climate history reflected in temperatures in the upper crust of the Netherlands, Netherlands Journal of Geosciences, 93(3): 107-117. DOI:10.1017/njg.2014.9. abstract

Afsar, F., Duda, J.-P., Zeller, M., Verwer, K., Westphal, H. and Eberli, G. P. (2014): First report of sponge rhaxes in the Picún Leufú Formation (Tithonian-Berriasian), Neuquén Basin, Argentina. In: Wiese, F.; Reich, M. & Arp, G. (eds.): Spongy, slimy, cosy & more?. Commemorative volume in celebration of the 60th birthday of Professor Joachim Reitner. Göttingen Contributions to Geosciences 77: 49-56. pdf


Almqvist, B.S.G., Hirt, A. M., Herwegh, M., Ebert, A., Walter, J.M., Leiss, B., Burlini, L. (2013): Seismic anisotropy in the Morcles nappe shear zone: Implications for seismic imaging of crustal scale shear zones.- Tectonophysics 603: 162-178.

Bense, F. A., Löbens, St., I. Dunkl, K. Wemmer & S. (2013). Is the exhumation of the Sierras Pampeanas only related to Neogene flat-slab subduction? Implications from a multi-thermochronological approach. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 48:123-144.

Bense, F., K. Wemmer, S.Löbens & S.Siegesmund (2013). Fault gouge analyses: K/Ar illite dating, clay mineralogy and tectonic significance ? A case study from the Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina. Int. J. Earth Sciences DOI 10.1007/s00531-013-0956-7

Friese, N., F. A. Bense, D.C. Tanner, L E. Gústafsson & S. Siegesmund (2013). From feeder dykes to scoria cones: the tectonically controlled plumbing system of the Rauðhólar volcanic chain, NorthernVolcanic Zone, Iceland. Bull Volcanol 75:717 DOI 10.1007/s00445-013-0717-2

Graue, B., S. Siegesmund, P. Oyhantcabal, R. Naumann, T. Licha, K. Simon, 2013. The effect of air pollution on stone decay - The decay of the Drachenfels trachyte under industrial, urban and rural environment: a case study at the Cologne, Altenberg and Xanten cathedrals. Environ Earth Sci. 69: 1095-1124. DOI 10.1007/s12665-012-2161-6

Gueye, M., A.M. Van Den Kerkhof, U.F. Hein, M. Diene, A. Mücke & S.Siegesmund (2013). Structural control, fluid inclusion and cathodluminescence studies of Birimian gold-baring quartz veinsin the Paleoproterozoic Mako Belt (Southeastern Senegal). J. South African Geology, vol. 116:199-281. doi:10.2113/gssajg.116.2.199

Heinrichs, T., S.Siegesmund, D.Frei, M.Drobe & B. Schulz (2013).Provenance signatures from whole-rock geochemistry and detrital zircon ages of metasediments from the Austroalpine basement to the south of the Tauern Window (Eastern Tyrol, Austria). Geol. Alp. 9, 2012: 156-185.

Kasch, N., Naujoks, M., Kley, J., Jahr, T., 2013. Combined geological and gravimetric mapping and modelling for an improved understanding of observed high-resolution gravity variations: a case study for the Global Geodynamics Project (GGP) station Moxa, Germany. International Journal of Earth Sciences 102, 1257-1270.

Kaufhold, A., Gräsle, W. , Plischke, I., Dohrmann, R. & S. Siegesmund (2013). Influence of carbonate content and micro fabrics on the failure strength of the sandy facies of the Opalinus Clay from Mont Terri (Underground Rock Laboratory). Eng. Geology: 156: 111-118. Doi: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2013.01.014

Kley, J.
, 2013. "Saxonian tectonics" in the 21st century. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften 164, 295-311.

Kober, M., Seib, N., Kley, J., Voigt, T., 2013. Thick-skinned thrusting in the northern Tien Shan foreland, Kazakhstan; structural inheritance and polyphase deformation, in: Nemcok, M., Mora, A., Cosgrove, J.W. (Eds.), Thick-Skin-Dominated Orogens: From Initial Inversion to Full Accretion Geological Society of London, Special Publications 377, pp. 19-42.

Kusumoto, S., Gudmundsson, A., Simmenes, T.H., Geshi, N., Philipp, S.L. 2013: Inverse modeling for estimating fluid-overpressure distributions and stress intensity factors from an arbitrary open-fracture geometry. Journal of Structural Geology 46, 92-98. doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2012.10.004

Löbens, S
., Edward R. Sobel, Frithjof A. Bense, Klaus Wemmer, István Dunkl, Siegfried Siegesmund. Refined thermochronological aspects of the Northern Sierras Pampeanas Tectonics, VOL. 32, 1-21, doi:10.1002/tect.20038, 2013

Löbens, S
., F.Bense, I.Dunkl. K. Wemmer, J.Kley & S.Siegesmund (2013). Cenozoic exhumation and uplift of the Sierra de Pie de Palo constrained by Thermochronological methods. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 48:209-219

López-Doncel, R., W.Wedekind, R. Dohrmann & S.Siegesmund. Moisture expansion associated to secondary porosity. An example of the Loseros Tuff of Guanajuato, Mexico. Environ Earth Sci 69: 1189-1202. DOI 10.1007/s12665-012-1781-1

Morales Demarco, M., K.-J. Stein, P. Oyhantcabal & S.Siegesmund, 2013. Granitic dimensional stones in Uruguay: evaluation and assessments of potential resources. Env. Earth Sciences 69: 1397-1438. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-012-2027-y

Morales Demarco, M., K.-J. Stein, P. Oyhantcabal & S.Siegesmund, 2013. Dolomitic slates from Uruguay: Petrophysical and petromechanical characterization and deposit evaluation. Environmental Earth Sciences 69: 1361-1396. DOI 10.1007/s12665-012-1921-7

Oriolo, S., Japas, M.S., Cristallini, E.O., Giménez, M. 2013. Cross-strike structures controlling magmatism emplacement in a ?at-slab setting (Precordillera, Central Andes of Argentina). In: Llana-Fúnez, S., Marcos, A., Bastida, F. (Ed). Deformation Structures and Processes within the Continental Crust. Geological Society of London, Special Publications 394, DOI: 10.1144/SP394.6

Oyhantcabal, P., M. Eimer, K. Wemmer, R.Frei. B. Schulz & S.Siegesmund (2012). Paleo- and Neoproterozoic magmatic and tectonometamorphic evolution of the Isla Cristalina de Rivera (Nico Pérez Terrane, Uruguay). Int J Earth Sci (Geol Rundsch) (2012) 101:1745?1762 DOI 10.1007/s00531-012-0757-4

Philipp, S.L., Afsar, F., Gudmundsson, A. 2013. Effects of mechanical layering on hydrofracture emplacement and fluid transport in reservoirs. Frontiers in Earth Science 1(4), 1-19. doi: 10.3389/feart.2013.00004

Ritter, M.C., Acocella, V., Ruch, J., Philipp, S.L. 2013. Conditions and threshold for magma transfer in the layered upper crust: insights from experimental models. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (23), 6043-6047, doi:10.1002/2013GL058199.

Ruedrich, R., Chr. Knell, J. Enseleit, Y.Rieffel, & S.Siegesmund, 2013. Stability assessment of marble statuaries of the Schlossbrücke (Berlin, Germany) based on rock strength measurements and ultrasonic wave velocities. Environ Earth Sciences 69:1451-1470. (DOI) 10.1007/s12665-013-2246-x

Seib, N., Kley, J., Büchel, G., 2013. Identification of maars and similar volcanic landforms in the West Eifel Volcanic Field through image processing of DTM data: efficiency of different methods depending on preservation state. International Journal of Earth Sciences 102, 875-901.

Shushakova, V.
, E.R.Fuller, F.Heidelbach, D.Mainprice, S.Siegesmund (2013) ?Marble decay induced by thermal strains: simulations and experiments?. Environmental Earth Sciences 69: 1281-1298. DOI 10.1007/s12665-013-2406-z.

Shushakova, V., Edwin R. Fuller, Jr., and Siegfried Siegesmund (2013). Microcracking in calcite and dolomite marble: microstructural influences and effects on properties. Environ Earth Sci 69: 1263-1280.DOI 10.1007/s12665-012-1995-2.

Siegesmund, S. & P. Brimblecomne (2013). Editorial to the Special Issue ?Urban use of Rocks? in Environmental Earth Science. Environ Earth Sci, 69: 1067-1070. doi: 10.1007/s12665-013-2412-1

Siegesmund, S
., T.Popp, A.Kaufhold, R.Dohrmann, W.Gräsle, R.Hinkes, D. Schulte-Kortnack.. Seismic and mechanical properties of Opalinusclay: Comparison between sandy and shaly facies from Mont Terri (Switzerland). Environ Earth Sci. DOI 10.1007/s12665-013-2768-2

Stück, H., R. Plagge & S. Siegesmund, 2013. Numerical Modeling of Moisture and Water Transport in Sandstone: The Influence of Crucial Fabric Parameters and Heterogeneities in the Context of Lithology and Pore-space Parameters. Environ Earth Sci., 69: 1161-1188. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-013-2405-0.

Stück, H., R.Koch, & S.Siegesmund, 2013. Petrographical and petrophysical properties of sandstones: Statistical analysis as an approach to predict material behaviour and construction suitability. Environ Earth Sci., 69:1299-1232. DOI 10.1007/s12665-012-2008-1

Szemerey-Kiss, B., A. Török & S.Siegesmund, 2013. The influence of binder/aggregate ratio on the pore properties and strength repair mortars. Environ Earth Sci, 69:1439-1450. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-013-2405-0

Warsitzka, M., Kley, J., Kukowski, N., 2013. Salt diapirism driven by differential loading - Some insights from analogue modelling. Tectonophysics 591, 83-97.

Wedekind, W., Rubén López-Doncel, Reiner Dohrmann, Mathias Kocher and Siegfried Siegesmund (2013). Weathering of volcanic tuffrocks used as natural building stone caused by moisture expansion. Environ Earth Sci. 69:1203-1224. DOI 10.1007/s12665-012-2158-1.

Wolf, R., I. Dunkl, G. Kisselbach, K.Wemmer & S. Siegesmund (2013). Refined exhumation history of the Ivrea-Verbano Zone of the Southern Alps. Tectonophysics doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2012.03.019