Alexander Gail

Sensorimotor Neuroscience Lab, Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory
German Primate Center


Research Interests


  • Sensorimotor integration
  • Cognitive movement planning
  • Neuroprosthetics
  • Neural Communication



Education and Employment

2012 - Professor for Sensorimotor Neuroscience and Neuroprosthetics, Georg-August University Göttingen
2006 - 2012Independent Junior Research Group Leader, German Primate Center, Göttingen
2003 - 2006Postdoctoral Fellow, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
2002 - 2003Postdoctoral Fellow, Philipps University Marburg, Germany
2002Dr. rer. nat. (Physics), Philipps University Marburg, Germany


Selected honours and awards

2011Co-chair GAFOS Program, Neuroscience section, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and US National Academy of Sciences
2003Postdoctoral fellowship, California Institute of Technology
2002Dr. rer. nat. graduate “summa cum laude”, Philipps University Marburg
1997Diploma graduate “summa cum laude”, Philipps University Marburg
1995 - 1997Scholarship Award Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes


Selected publications

Berger M, Agha NS, Gail A (2020). Wireless recording from unrestrained monkeys reveals motor goal encoding beyond immediate reach in frontoparietal cortex. eLife 9:e51322

Unakafov A, Schultz T, Gail A, Möller S, Kagan I*, Eule S*, Wolf F* (2020) Emergence and suppression of cooperation by action visibility in transparent games. PLoS Comp Biol 16(1): e1007588. DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007588

Suriya-Arunroj L, Gail A (2019) Complementary encoding of priors in monkey fronto¬parietal network supports a dual process of decision-making. eLife 8:e47581

Martinez-Vazquez P, Gail A (2018) Directed interaction between monkey premotor and posterior parietal cortex during motor-goal retrieval from working memory. Cerebral Cortex 28(5):1866-81

Morel P, Ulbrich P, Gail A (2017). What makes a reach movement effortful? – Physical effort discounting supports common minimization principles in decision making and motor control. PLoS Biology 15(6):e2001323

Morel P*, Ferrea E*, Taghizadeh-Sarshouri B, Cardona Audí JM, Ruff R, Hoffmann KP, Lewis S, Russold M, Dietl H, Abu-Saleh L, Schroeder D, Krautschneider W, Meiners T, Gail A (2016) Long-term decoding of movement force and direction with a wireless myoelectric implant. J Neural Eng 13(1): 016002. DOI: 10.1088/1741-2560/13/1/016002.

Kuang S, Morel P, Gail A (2016). Planning movements in visual and physical space in monkey posterior parietal cortex. Cerebral Cortex 26(2):731-47

Klaes C, Westendorff S, Gail A (2011). Choosing goals not rules: Deciding among alternative rule-based action plans. Neuron 70:536-48