In 2009 Irene de Jong demonstrated that metalepsis as a narrative technique (meaning transgression of boundaries between narrative levels, G. Genette) is already attested in ancient Greek literature. Her main theoretical hypothesis is that metaleptic devices in Homeric poetry are not only compatible with aesthetic illusion, but even increase it (unlike their paradoxical effects in modern literature). Examining this hypothesis, I will investigate the whole range of metaleptic phenomena in the older Homeric epic, both theoretically and through text-based analysis. I will focus on the relation between the extradiegetic and the intradiegetic narrative level (as there is no metadiegesis in the Iliad), that is to say on the relation between the narrative situation (the aoidos’s presentation) and the narrated world. In particular, the phenomenon of metaleptic mirroring (cf. mise en abyme, W. Wolf) between these two narrative levels will be analysed, including passages in which a character’s emotion (such as θάμβος – amazement, cf. Il. 24,480–4) is mirrored (doubled) on the extradiegetic level of telling. By use of a so-called “homerischer Modelladressat” (homeric model addressee; cf. “Modell-Leser”, U. Eco and F. Jannidis), the level of reception will play a central role in this narratological study.