This research has the goal to contribute to an assessment of consequences of large-scale conversion from tropical lowland rainforest to transformation systems for carbon sequestration and ecosystem functioning.

This project will investigate changes in carbon sequestration, net primary production above- and belowground and litter carbon fluxes to the soil carbon stock for the study sites in lowland rainforest, jungle rubber, intensive rubber and oil palm plantations within the study region.


  • Inventory of aboveground woody biomass and carbon stocks

  • Annual aboveground litter fall (litter traps) and analysis of C and N contents
  • Annual aboveground tree biomass production
  • Belowground litter production
  • Minirhizotron technique
  • Sequential soil coring approach
  • Ingrowth core approach