Semester 1


Plant physiology
Course organization:
1. Molecular plant physiology (Lecture)
2. Cell biology, tissue culture and stress response (Practical course)

Examination: Written examination (120 minutes)

Course description:
In this course, the students will learn how a plant functions at the cell, tissue and whole-plant level. The contents of the lectures encompass basic cell biology and plant physiology.
In the practical courses students will be trained at modern microscopes, will learn the basics of tissue culture, and will obtain practical expertise with the use of ecophysiological methods.
Chemical ecology
Course organization:
1. Chemical ecology (Lecture)
2. Exercise in chemical ecology (Laboratory course, Seminar)

Examination: Oral examination (approx. 20 minutes)

Course description:
Students will learn to analyze the molecular basis of plant-insect interactions based on plant volatiles associated to plant stress correlating with defence status and nutritional value of the plant. Students will learn to assess how sensor-systems on the basis of insect olfaction can be utilized and how chemo-ecological findings can be extended into landscape by an integrative examination of biotic interactions from the molecular to the stand level.
Ecological genetics
Course organization:
1. Ecological genetics (Lecture)
2. Assessment of genetic variation (Laboratory course, Workshops)

Examination: Oral examination (approx. 20 minutes)

Course description:
The class highlights the importance of intraspecific variation affecting the ecosystem processes and functions. Students will learn modern methods to assess genetic diversity in groups of organisms. Furthermore, student will learn how evolutionary factor affects genetic diversity and adaptation process.
Biochemistry
Course organization:
1. Soil biochemistry (Lecture, Seminar)
2. Plant biochemistry (Lecture, Seminar)

Examination: Written examination (90 minutes)

Course description:
The objective of this module is to introduce basic knowledge of different classes of biomolecules, including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Students will be introduced to the basic in protein chemistry and genetics. Applications and the context of key biochemical concepts will be introduced with examples from the areas of plant and soil biochemistry.
Laboratory techniques
Course organization:
1. Organic trace analysis (Laboratory course, Exercises)
2. Inorganic analysis (Seminar, Laboratory course, Exercises)
3. Microbiology and molecular biology (Seminar, Laboratory course, Exercises)

Examination: Protocol (max. 10 pages, 50%) and Written examination (45 minutes, 50%)

Examination prerequisites: Regular attendance and active participation

Course description:
Students will train to work in a laboratory and they will learn the rules to assure personal and environmental safety. They will be introduced into basic and sophisticated methods in the fields of chemistry, biochemistry, soil science, microbiology and molecular biology. Students acquire knowledge in experimental planning, technical performance, data processing, calculation, data interpretation and documentation of practical scientific research. Writing of protocols will be practiced.