Semester 3

Terrestrial biogeochemistry
Course organization:
1. Terrestrial biogeochemistry (Lecture)
2. Biogeochemical processes (Field measurements and laboratory analysis)

Examination: Written examination (120 minutes, 50%) and the term paper (10 pages, 50%)

Course description:
The lecture part on terrestrial biogeochemistry will advance the knowledge of the students on the major biogeochemical processes of C, N and P cycles. The practical part on biogeochemical processes will bring hands-on experience of the students on in-situ measurements of these processes: land-use change effects on stocks of the different pools of C, N and exchangeable cations, asymbiotic N2 fixation in soil, soil greenhouse gas fluxes and their controlling factors. From the data of this field practical, the students will learn statistical analysis on land-use change effects, how to give an oral scientific presentation, and how to write a scientific report.
Wood biology and wood chemistry
Course organization:
1. Wood biology (Lecture, Exercises, Excursion)
2. Wood chemistry (Lecture, Exercises, Laboratory visits, Excursion)

Examination: Oral examination (approx. 20 minutes)

Course description:
In this module, the students will learn about the biological and chemical structures, modifications of as well as the biomaterials derived from majorly wood and minorly fiber plants. The lectures will be divided into following parts. The first part starts with the biosynthesis and basic structures of wood. Then, the physical, biological and chemical modifications of wood will be described. After that, the extraction of constituents from wood and their properties will be introduced. Finally, the potential applications using all these biomaterials will be described.
Methods in systems biology
Course organization:
1. Genomics (Lecture, Practicals)
2. Statistical computing and transcriptomics (Lecture, Practical)
3. Proteomics (Lecture, Practicals)

Examination: Term paper (max. 20 pages)

Course description:
"Omics" techniques are the backbone of modern systems biology. This course comprises lectures and practicals in genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics and statistical computing. The students will learn the theory of these applications, and the functioning of the required hard- and software. This involves lab work as well as computer applications. The learning outcome will be that the students are to apply "omics" methods to questions in ecology and systems biology.
Course organization:
1. Introduction to biostatistics (Lecture)
2. Applied biostatistics with R (Exercise)

Examination: Term paper (max. 10 pages)

Examination prerequisites: Regular and active participation during the exercise and regular submission (80%) of assignments (1 page each)

Course description:
The module will provide the students with a basic understanding of descriptive, exploratory and confirmatory statistics. The lecture will cover descriptive and exploratory graphical tools and measures as well as the fundamental principles of confirmatory statistics. Furthermore, it will briefly discuss the concepts of statistical predictions and model choice. In addition to the methodological concepts, the lecture will also comprise an introduction to the R language for statistical computing.
Forest pathology
Course organization:
1. Basics of forest pathology (Lecture, Lab course)

Examination: Written examination (90 minutes)

Examination prerequisites: Regular submission (80%) of written laboratory reports (1 page)

Course description:
Recognition of forest damages and choosing the right control method are the basic skills of a forester. This course provides the student with an understanding of the most important fungal diseases and how they are controlled in forest ecosystem. After this course the student knows the most important abiotic environmental factors affecting forest systems, recognize the most important fungal diseases and understands their impact to forest trees, as well as understands the epidemiology of these diseases.