Semester 4



For the 4th semester, students will have 3 major choices for their education.
1. Taking modules in Göttingen
2. Going to an exchange semester
3. Doing an internship


For choice 1, there are two minor options.
a. Taking MES modules - In total, you should pick 30 credits worth of module.
b. Taking modules from the other faculty.



Modules listed below only includes MES modules

Special topics in plant methods and ecological applications I (6 credits)
Course organization:
1. Forest botany (Seminar)
2. Ecological applications / field excursions (Lecture, Practical)

Examination: Oral presentation (approx. 15 minutes) and written report (max. 10 pages)

Course description:
In the seminar the students will be informed about recent development and new discoveries in forest botany, plant – microbial interactions, biotechnology, plant molecular genetics and practical applications. In the advanced method courses student undertake internships and/or field excursions to learn new methods and applications in plant physiology and ecology. The students will take responsibility in the organization of their study program
Special topics in plant methods and ecological applications II (6 credits)
Course organization:
1. Advanced plant biochemistry and genetics / Journal club (Seminar)
2. Advanced methods (Lecture, Practical)

Examination: Oral presentation (approx. 15 minutes) and written report (10 pages max.)

Course description:
The seminar will be conducted as a journal club. The students will get lists of papers which they have to read and present during the semester. The topics will be chosen from recent literature. The goal is to become involved in research and to learn to understand how to structure research and to publish. In the advanced method courses, lectures and specialized techniques will be taught and practiced. The students will organize the journal club.
Semiochemical diversity (6 credits)
Course organization:
1. Semiochemical diversity (Lecture)
2. Methods to study semiochemical diversity and biodiversity (Workshop, Laboratory course)

Examination: Term paper (20 pages max.)

Course description:
Students will learn to investigate the dynamics of semiochemical diversity in different types of ecosystems. This involves field sampling of important plants and animals, volatile extraction from different tissues, laboratory analyses of various types of volatile markers, data analysis and interpretation. Students will learn practical steps to assess semiochemical diversity, and will be able to evaluate the use of chemo-ecological methods for applications in plant protection, nature conservation, and ecosystem management.
Protection of renewable resources (6 credits)
Course organization:
1. Protection of renewable resource based on chemical and chemo-ecological methods (Lectures)
2. Assessment of protection measures for renewable resources (Seminar, Workshop)

Examination: Oral presentation (approx. 15 minutes) with written outline (max 5. pages)

Course description:
The use of chemical methods is commonplace in protection measures at various levels of biological organization in forest protection, plant protection and stored product protection. Students will learn the results of chemo-ecological approaches in integrated pest management based on selected projects and recent literature. Students will be able to critically evaluate benefits and limitations of chemo-ecological approaches in a production and conservation context. Examples will be taken from different geographic and climatic regions.
Isotopes in ecosystem sciences (6 credits)
Course organization:
1. Stable isotopes (Lecture, seminar with exercises)
2. Radioactive isotopes and labeling techniques (Lecture, seminar)

Examination: Written examination (90 minutes)

Course description:
The course provides a very broad background for isotope applications in ecosystem compartments including soils, plants, atmosphere, and microorganisms. Overview of various tracer methods and isotope applications will be presented. The specifics of stable and radioactive isotopes for investigations of ecosystem processes from submolecular to global scale will give deep background for future isotope applications in Bachelor, Master and PhD theses.
Intraspecific diversity of plants (6 credits)
Course organization:
1. Intraspecific diversity of plants (Lecture)
2. DNA based methods to study biodiversity (Workshops, Laboratory exercise)

Examination: Term paper (20 pages max.)

Course description:
Students will learn to investigate the dynamics of intraspecific diversity in different types of ecosystems. This involves field sampling of important plants, DNA extraction from different tissues, laboratory analyses with various types of molecular markers, data analysis and interpretation. Students will learn practical steps to assess genetic diversity, and will be able to evaluate the use of DNA-based methods for applications in breeding, conservation, and ecosystem management.