Mailin Antomo und Sonja Müller (Hgg.) (2018). Non-canonical Verb Positioning in Main Clauses. Hamburg: Buske (= Linguistische Berichte Sonderheft 25).
In the last 15 years, the verb-second phenomenon in the Germanic languages has received particular interest and a lot of research has been devoted to its occurrence in dependent environments aiming at finding out whether, and if so, by which criteria it is licensed. However, not only dependent clauses display verb-order variation, there are also different options for positioning the finite verb in main clauses. For example, German declarative clauses (which have been the focus of attention) can display verb-first order. Furthermore, attention has been paid to declarative clauses which are claimed to show verb-third order. And the finite verb might also occur in final position in other types of non-embedded utterances. The contributions to this volume intend to study the formal and interpretative properties of main clauses which do not display the word order which is canonically expected of them. Questions which are addressed are: What are the conditions under which the above mentioned orders become possible or even necessary? Is their nature syntactic, semantic, information structural or stylistic? Are there genre-specific distributions? How similar are the licensing conditions for such ‘deviating’ orders across different (Germanic) languages and/or different historical stages within one language? What are the differences between verb-end and verb-first/-second structures in less well-studied non-assertive utterance types such as interrogatives or exclamatives? How can such variation be accounted for at all? How do such structures fit into systems of sentence mood/type or utterance types? How important is further linguistic material (such as modal particles, intonation, verbal mood)? The contributions of this volume intend to provide new insights for the debate by appealing to synchronic, diachronic and comparative approaches.
Annika Hübl und Markus Steinbach (eds.) (2018). Linguistic Foundations of Narration in Spoken and Sign Languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins (= LA 247).
In recent years, the focus of linguistic research has shifted from sentence to larger units such as text and discourse and accordingly from syntax to semantics and pragmatics. This has led to the development and application of corresponding discourse semantic and pragmatic theories such as, for instance, (S)DRT, Centering Theory, Accessibility Theory, QUD, Generalized Conversational Implicatures, Super Monsters and Gesture Semantics and new empirical approaches in the framework of experimental semantics and pragmatics or corpus linguistic discourse analysis. The contributions to this collected volume build on these developments and investigate the linguistic foundations of narration from various perspectives. The contributions address topics such as speech and thought representation, free indirect speech, information structure, anaphora resolution, co-speech gestures, classifier constructions as well as role shift and constructed action. The volume provides new insights in the linguistic structures underlying narration in written, spoken, and sign languages from an experimental, developmental, historical, typological, and theoretical perspective. The contributions will appeal to theoretical linguists, sign language linguists, typologists, literary scholars, psycholinguists, and philosophers.