HANS HEINRICH SCHAEDER
Born on 31 January 1896 in Göttingen
Died on 13 March 1957 in Göttingen
Son of a professor of systematic theology
One semester of study in Kiel; classical philology with W. Jaeger and medieval history with F. Kern, who suggested he study Arabic
19141918 army service
1919 studied at Breslau with the Assyrologist B. Meissner
promoted to Dr. Phil. with a dissertation in Arabic studies
worked as a publicist in Berlin
returned to academic work due to the influence of Max Weber
1922 completed his habilitation
1926 appointed as Associate Professor at Breslau, and as Professor and Chair at Königsberg
1931 appointed as Professor at Berlin
1946 appointed as Professor at Göttingen
Schaeders immense talent allowed him to acquire a thorough knowledge of the languages, literatures, and history of the Middle East, especially Iran. Through independent studies he was able to apply this knowledge to research into the history of Oriental religions. In fact, for various problems of Manichaeism, he offered ground-breaking solutions (Iranische Beiträge, 1930; Iranica, 1934). Similarly, his great talent for synthesis produced some excellent results for Old Testament and Islamic studies as well (Esra der Schreiber, 1930; Hasan al-Basri, 19191924; Hafiz, 1922, etc.). His scientific research into literature (e.g. Goethes Erlebnis des Ostens, 1938) can only be mentioned as an aside here.
Schaeder was firmly rooted in European humanism; he not only witnessed its fatal crisis, but appears to have represented it himself and to have his scholarly activities confined by it as well. Indeed, the living Middle East of his time remained alien to him, something unknown and not very likable.