C02 - Socio-cultural and institutional transformation processes in rural Jambi
The project will focus on two main objectives of cultural landscape development: i) explanation of spatial and temporal socio-cultural heterogeneities by investigation of socio-cultural and socio-economic ruralurban linkages and respective socio-cultural flows (i.e., information, norms, notions, values) and ii) explanation of varying regional resource governance and planning approaches by evaluation of governance regimes and negotiations on resource use on different spatial and administrative scales. The objectives are based on first phase results on geographical analysis of cultural landscape transformation which have shown that trajectory created overlapping laws and regulations produce modern antagonisms, foster social polarization, and favour ecological crises. The development context is framed in land tenure formalization processes, amongst others facilitated by REDD+ implementation, contributing to social conflicts through the exclusion of local communities` access to land. The legal plural orders dynamically rescale access and property relations in the rural-urban continuum and change the socioecological system, exemplified trough arising discourses on access to land and water governance. Thus, knowledge is needed on i) how these dynamics are influenced by socio-cultural processes in rural-urban relations and exchange, guided by the hypothesis that intensity and variations of transformation processes are depending not only on economic, but on sociocultural exchange with regional and supraregional urban centers; ii) how these dynamics influence resource governance, guided by the hypothesis that an in-creasing intensity of socio-economic transformation leads to an intensification of conflicting socio-cultural and socio-ecological discourses on resource use, exemplified on water governance. The analysis focuses on extended case studies along a rural-urban continuum (transect) as well as in the core plot regions and villages. This is a complementary method to the other projects and part of the integrated socioeconomic sampling frame; qualitative methods will be applied on different scales, from the household level to government institutions, including non-place based actors. Close integration with the quantitative household and village surveys will be ensured. The topic is integrated in the central CRC design on heterogeneity, and will be the single supplier of data on socio-cultural stratifications and rural-urban relationships. The subproject will actively contribute to the trans-sectional topic on "Topography-riparian sites as parts of the heterogeneity of the landscape" by investigating perception and governance of wet lands. C02 will furthermore contribute substantially to foci 3 and 4.