Department of Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution of Plants (with Herbarium)

S

SADEBECK, Richard Emil Benjamin 1839 - 1905
born: Breslau died: Meran
Botanist, prof., director of the botanical museum in Hamburg. Mycologist.

Biography: Litt. Fl. Tirol p. 252. 1900.
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 22: (131). 1905 (Obituary).
HERTEL & SCHREIBER 1988: 130, 182.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 430-431.
Herbarium: HBG and M
GOET: Mähr. Gesenke, Silesia, 1862 - 63; Algäu, 1871 (Hb. Pae., Roth).


SADLER, Joseph 1791 - 1849
born: Pressburg died: Pest (Budapest)
Doctor and botanist. Trained as pharmacist before studying medicine and philosophy in Pest. 1821; curator at the national museum. 1832; ordinary prof. of botany.

Biography: Linnaea 33: 555 - 562. 1865.
GOMBOCZ 1936: 426-442.
GOET: Hungary (acc. 1834).


SAGORSKI, Ernst 1847 - 1929
born: Saarbrücken died: Almrich near Naumburg a. d. Saale
Teacher in Pforta (Schulpforta). Botanist (flora, in particular revision of critical genera such as Rosa, Anthyllis, Mentha). Together with SCHNEIDER: "Flora der Zentralkarpathen" Leipzig 1891.

Biography: Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver. N. F. 39: XVII - XX. 1930.
Herbarium: JE
GOET: Thuringia, 1892 - 93. Riesengebirge, 1886. Carpathians, 1888 - 93: "Fl.
Transsilvanica", "Flora Carpatorum Principalium" (Hb. Vo.).


SAGOT, Paul Antoine 1821 - 1888
born: Paris died: Magny - sur - Yonne
Doctor and botanist. As navy doctor in French Guayana from 1854 - 59. Later teacher (prof.) for natural history in Cluny.

Biography: Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 36: 372 - 378. 1889.
Ann. Bot., London 2: 428 - 429. 1889.
Herbarium: P
GOET: Guayane française, 1854 - 58 (Hb. Gris.).

Revisions: SAGOT, P. 1881 - 85: Catalogue des plantes phanérogames et cryptogames
vasculaires de la Guyane française. Ann. Sci. Nat. sér. 6. 10 - 19.


SALLE, Charles - 1852
died: Nizza
Pharmacist in Pont - à - Mousson. Collected specimens in southern France and Algeria in 1848.

Biography: Bot. Zeitung. 7: 15 - 16. 1849.
Österr. Bot. Wochenbl. 3: 61. 1853.
COSSON 1881: 89.
GOET: "Plantae Monspeliaco - Algerienses" (Hb. Gris.). Seen: Type of Bunium
micranthum SALLE (with diagnosis in schedis!).


SALTZWEDEL, Peter 1752 - 1815
born and died in Frankfurt a. M.
Pharmacist in Frankfrut a. M., Owner of a botanical garden and natural history collection, which counted GOETHE among its visitors.

Biography: W. - H. HEIN & D. ANDERNACHT 1975 in Festschruft für P.W. Meister
zum 65. Geburtstag, S. 303 - 311.
DAB 2: 553. 1978.
GOET: Cultivated plants "Hort. bot. Slzwdl." (probably collected by SCHERBIUS and
not SALTZWEDEL).


SALZMANN, Philipp 1781 - 1851
born: Erfurt died: Montpellier
Son of the well known teacher / educationalist Christian Gotthilf SALZMANN. Doctor in Montpellier, botanist and entomologist. Collected in several areas including in Corsica, North Africa (1823 / 24) and in Brazil (1827 - 30).

Biography: Bot. Zeitung. 11: 4 - 8. 1853.
COSSON 1881: 13 - 14.
Fl. Brasil. 1(1): 99 - 100. 1906.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 431.
Herbarium: MPU (see also Natur. Monspel. 18: 272. 1967).
GOET: Southern France, Corsica, Pryrenees, Marocco: in agris tingitanis (Tanger),
1823 / 24 (Hb. Bg., Gris., Mey.).


SANDSTEDE, Johann Heinrich 1859 - 1951
born and died in Bad Zwischenahn/Oldenburg
Master baker in Bad Zwischenahn. Important lichenologist (specialised in Cladonia). 1930; Dr. phil. h. c. Univ. Münster.

Biography: Beitr. Naturk. Nieders. 4: 91 - 95. 1951.
Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 29: 102. 1952.
Mycologia 64: 709 - 715. 1952.
Willdenowia 1: 191 - 197. 1954.
Niedersächs. Lebensbilder 3: 255 - 264. 1957.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 431.
Herbarium: Cladonien - Spezialherbar: B (†). Other herbarium: BREM, BRNU, Staatl.
Museum Oldenburg.
GOET: Lichens; North West Germany, in particular in ANDERS, Lich. Exs.


SANIO, Carl Gustav 1832 - 1891
born and died in Lyck (east Prussia)
Botanist. 1858 - 66; private lecturer at the University of Königsberg, then as private scholar in Lyck. Interested in flora and wood anatomy.

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 34: XLI - IL. 1893.
ADB 53: 709 - 711. 1907.
CASPARY 1912: 263 - 265.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 431-432.
Herbarium: Sold to the university of Königsberg in 1866 (destroyed).
GOET: East Prussia, also bryophytes, ca. 1874 - 84.


SARDAGNA, Michele de 1833 - 1901
born: Trient (Trento)
Land owner in Trient, botanist.

Biography: Litt. Fl. Tirol. 1900.
Fl. Tirol 6 (4): 74. 1913.
GOET: Italy: "Plantae Italicae, 1887", "Plantae Sardoae" 1883 (Hb. div.).


SARNTHEIN, Ludwig Graf von (zu Rottenbuch, Kellerburg und Kränzelstein) 1861 - 1914
born: Hermannstadt [Sibiu] died: Solbad Hall
Administration officer (including as chief officer in Innsbruck and Cortina d'Ampezzo). Botanist (flora of Tyrol).

Biography: Fl. Tirol 6 (4): 53 - 55. 1913.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 433.
Herbarium: IBF
GOET: Tirol (Hb. Pae., Vo.), also Lichens.


SARTORIUS, Carl Christian Wilhelm 1796 - 1872
born: Gunderhausen near Darmstadt died: Mirador (Veracruz)
Emigrated to Mexico in 1824 as political refugee, where he founded the settlement of "El Mirador" in the state of Veracruz in 1830. Plant collector. His Hacienda was also used as base for many other collectors.

Biography: Bot. Zeitung. 30: 509 - 510. 1872.
Hessische Bibliographien 3: 69-76. 1934.
Rev. Soc. Mex. Hist. Nat. 10: 329 - 336. 1949.
W. PFERDEKAMP 1958: Auf Humboldts Spuren. Munich. pg. 153 - 173,
221.
RENKHOFF 1985: 338.
Herbarium: US
GOET: "pl. mexicanae", ed. HOHENACKER (180 Nr. acc. 1871, also Hb. Vo.).


SAUTER, Anton Eleutherius 1800 - 1881
born: Großarl in Pongau died: Salzburg
Doctor in Kitzbühel, Bregenz, Zell a. See, Mittersill, Ried (OÖ.), Steyer and, (from 1848) in Salzburg. Botanist, also bryologist and mycologist.

Biography: Österr. Bot. Z. 27: 1 - 6. 1877.
Bot. Cbl. 6: 141 - 144. 1881.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 434-435.


SAVI, Pietro 1811 - 1871
born and died in Pisa
Botanist (morphology, ontogeny, flora). Succeeded his father Gaetano SAVI in 1844 as prof. of botany and director of the botanical gardens in Pisa.

Biography: Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 177 - 208. 1872.
Herbarium: PI
GOET: Italy, ca. 1838 - 39 (acc. 1844).


SCHAERER, Ludwig Emanuel 1785 - 1853
born: Bern died: Belp
High school teacher in Bern, then priest in Lauperswil and Belp (Canton Zurich). Lichenologist.

Biography: Flora 36: 167 - 173. 1853.
Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. (= Actes Soc. Helv. Sci. Nat.) 38: 296 - 300.
1853.
GRUMMANN 1974.
Herbarium: G
GOET: Lichenes, separate: "Lichenes Helvetici exsiccati".


SCHAFFNER, Johann Wilhelm 1830 - 1882
born: Darmstadt died: San Louis Potosi (Mexico)
Trained as pharmacist in Germany before emigrating. Pharmacist in the town of Mexico (1852 - 57) and then in Euliacan. 1871 - 74; studied pharmacy and medicine in Heidelberg, Munich and Vienna. Doctor and pharmacist in San Louis Potosi from 1875. Plant collector.

Biography: Flora 69: 150 - 153. 1886.
GOET: Mexico, ca. 1300 Nr. (acc. 1871 - 84): "pl. Mexicanae. Ed. R. F.
HOHENACKER" (Hb. Gris.), "Herbario de J. G. SCHAFFNER", "Aus dem
Herbarium von A. VIGENER, Mexico 1875 - 1879".

Comments: The court pharmacist VIGENER in Biebrich took over SCHAFFNER's
herbarium following his death. He then re-numbered the plant specimens and
sold duplicates.

Revisions: S. WATSON in Proceed. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 17: 316 - 361, 1881 / 82; 18: 96 - 191, 1882 / 83.


SCHANGIN, Peter Iwanowitsch 1741 - 1816
Chief administrator at a steel works in Salair, collected in Altai.

Biography: Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 448. 1888.
ASCH. & GR. 5 (1): 193. 1913.
GOET: USSR "Sibiria altaica" (acc. 1800).


SCHEELE, Georg Heinrich Adolf 1808 - 1864
born: Hanover died: Heersum
Botanist, priest in Heersum (from 1842).

Biography: Bot. Zeitung. 2: 342 - 343. 1864.
SEELAND 1936: 20 - 22.
Herbarium: Remains unkown
GOET: Areas around Hildesheim (Hb. Bg., acc. 1861, also in Hb. Hild.).


SCHEFFLER, Ludwig 1822 - 1909
born and died in Blankenburg in the Harz.
Botanist, co-worker of HAMPE. Geometer. Town secretary in Blankenburg.

Biography: Allg. Bot. Z. 17: 68 - 69. 1911.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 440.
GOET: A few bryophytes, Harz (Hb. Kr.).


SCHELLENBERG, Gustav August Ludwig David 1882 - 1963
born and died in Wiesbaden
Botanist (systematics, monographer of Connaraceae). Lecturer in Kiel and Göttingen (1925 - 34). Later publisher of the "Wiesbadener Tageblattes".

Biography: G. SCHELLENBERG, I. SCHELLENBERG & H. SCHELLENBERG
1931: Geschichte der Familie Schellenberg und Schellenberger. Marbach und
Wiesbaden (pg. 242 - 243).
Wiesbadener Tagebatt vom 4. VI. 1963 (Copy in GOET archive).
Englera 1. 1979.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 440-441.
Herbarium: Bryophytes in GOET, middle and north Europe.

Comments: The herbarium also contains bryophytes from numerous other European
collectors.


SCHEMMANN, Wilhelm 1845 - ca. 1920
Teacher in Annen near Witten. Botanist, head of a bryological exchange programme (see also Rev. Bryol. 20: 111. 1893; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 1: 72. 1895).

Herbarium: MSTR
GOET: Westphalia, also bryophytes (Hb. Pae., Vo.).


SCHENK, Ernst 1880-1965
born: Berlin died: Mannheim
Studied in Berlin. Teacher of a seminar in Schwerin a. d. Warthe, teacher (“Oberlehrer”) in Wongrowitz, Prov. Posen, later “Seminar-Oberlehrer” und head of a seminar in Ortelsburg i. Ostpr., Prorektor am Seminar in Drossen in der Neumark. 1925 – 1945 teacher (“Studienrat”) at the Gymnasium in Küstrin. After the war in Celle and Mannheim. Specialist of the genus, Rosa. Herbar in B.
Biography: Willdenowia 4: 419-421. 1968.
Herbarium: B
GOET: several fascicles of Rosa.


SCHENK, Joseph August (von) 1815 - 1891
born: Hallein (Salzburg) died: Leipzig
Botanist (flora, systematics, palaeobotany). Prof. in Würzburg (from 1845) and Leipzig (from 1868). Travelled with GRISEBACH in the Carpathians.

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 9: (15) - (26). 1892.
ADB 53: 749 - 751. 1907.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 442-443.
GOET: Franconia (Hb. Gris.).


SCHEPPIG, Carl (Karl) 1834 - 1911
born and died in Berlin
Gardener in Berlin and east Prussia. Officer of the municipal gas-works in Berlin (from 1870).

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 53: (45) - (47). 1912.
CASPARY 1912: 266 - 267.
Herbarium: ? B (†)
GOET: Berlin, Lausitz, 1882 - 85 (Hb. Vo.).


SCHICKENDANTZ, Friedrich (Federico) 1837 - 1896
born: Landau (Pfalz) died: Mendoza
Chemist, emigrated to Argentina in 1861. Several positions, including as prof. in Tucuman and Catamarca. Also worked in a sugar factory. Collected plants, (at times with LORENTZ).

Biography: Anal. Soc. Cient. Argent. 42: 97 - 104. 1896.
GOET: Argentina, Catamarca province, 1873 - 75 (Hb. Gris.).

Revisions: A. GRISEBACH 1879: Symbolae ad floram argentinam. - Abh. Königl. Ges.
Wiss. Göttingen 24: 1 - 345.


SCHIEDE, Christian Julius Wilhelm 1798 - 1836
born: Kassel died: Mexico
Studied natural sciences and medicine in Göttingen and Berlin. Completed his Ph.D in Göttingen in 1825 with the thesis "De plantis hybridis sponte natis". Doctor in Kassel. Emigrated to Mexico in 1828 where he established a few extensive plant collections. (partly with DEPPE).

Biography: Matrikel Univ. Göttingen.
LINDEMANN 1885.
Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 19: 311. 1975.
WAGENITZ 1988: 152.
Zanderia 3: 40. 1984.
Feddes Repert. 95: 573-574. 1984.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 443.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: Southern Germany, Austria (ex Hb. div.)., Mexico, mainly in Jalapa (Hb. Bg.).

Comments: The specimens from Mexico generally do not carry any collector's name. The
numbers are not collection numbers but refer to the revisions by
SCHLECHTENDAL (& CHAMISSO) 1830 - 53 in Linnaea 5 – 26.


SCHIFFNER, Victor Felix 1862 - 1944
born: Bohemian - Leipa (Česká Lípa) died: Baden near Vienna
Botanist, in particular bryologist. Assistant, private lecturer and prof. at the University of Prague, prof. at the university of Vienna from 1902. 1893 - 94 in Java.

Biography: Fl. Males. ser. I. 1: 467 - 468. 1950; 8: LXXXVI. 1974.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 444-447.
Herbarium: FH
GOET: Bryophytes (Hep.): Bohemia, Riesengebirge (Hb. Vo.); Java, Sumatra,
Singapore 1893 / 94 in VERDOORN, Hepat. Sel. (117 Nr.).


SCHILLING, Friedrich 1897 -
born: Metz
Trained as pharmacist. Studied pharmacy and food chemistry. Completed his Ph. D in Göttingen in 1927; thesis about lichens.

Biography: Ph. D thesis "Entwicklungsgeschichte und systematische Untersuchung epiphyller
Flechten" (Hedwigia 67: 269 - 300. 1927).
GRUMMANN 1974.
WAGENITZ 1988: 153.
Herbarium: GOET: 1 fascicle, including specimens for his Ph. D thesis: Specimens of
epiphitic lichen from several different collectors, including several types.


SCHIMPER, Wilhelm Georg 1804 - 1878
born: Reichenschwand near Nuremberg (or Mannheim ?) died: Adua (Abessinia)
Brother of Karl Friedrich SCHIMPER. Initially in the military, then worked for a time as graphic artist (illustrator) and tachodermist for AGASSIZ. Later became plant collector. Collected specimens for the association für promoting expeditions (“Reiseverein” = “Unio itineraria”) in southern France and Algeria (1831), Egypt, Syria and Palestine (1832 - 35) and in Abyssinia (1837). Married one of the King of Tigre's daughters. Temporary governor of a province in Abyssinia. Later collected for Paris and HOHENACKER.

Biography: ADB 31: 279 - 281. 1890.
Phyton 3: 84 - 89. 1951.
BAUR, K. 1970: 257 ff.
GÖTZ, H. Georg Wilhelm Schimper, der Abessinier. Schriften Stadtarchivs
Schwetzingen 14. 1980.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 449-450.
Herbarium: Collections dispersed, several in P
GOET: Algeria, Unio itin. 1832 (Hb. Gris., Ph.).
Arabia: "Pl. Arab. Petr. ed. II." 1835 (Hb. Bg., Gris.),
"Pl. Arab. fel. Ed. II." (Hb. Bg., Gris.).
Abyssinia (acc. 1852 - 71, ca. 1600 Nr.)
"U. i. 1844 iter Abyssin." (Hb. Gris.),
"U. i. 1842 iter Abyss. Sectio secunda" (Hb. Bg.),
"Pl. Abyss. (terr. Agow.) Ed. HOHENACKER" (Hb. Bg.) 1854,
"Schimperi iter Abyssinicum. 1840. Sectio tertia. U. i. 1844" (Hb. Gris.),
"pl. Abyssinicae ed. II. 1852. HOHENACKER" (acc. 1853).
Also bryophytes.

Itinerary: GILLETT, J. B. 1972: W. G. Schimper's botanical collections localities in
Ethiopia. - Kew Bull. 27: 115 - 128.


SCHIMPER, Wilhelm Philipp 1808 - 1880
born: Dossenheim (Alsace) died: Strasbourg
Botanist (in particular bryologist and palaeobotanist). Curator and, (from 1862), director of the natural history museum in Strasbourg. Prof. of geology and mineralogy at the University of Strasbourg.

Biography: Bot. Zeitung. 38: 41 - 49. 1890.
ADB 31: 277 - 279. 1890.
GRUMMANN 1974.
MÄGDEFRAU 1978: 148.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 453-456.
GOET: Bryophytes: Alsace, France, Scotland (Hb. Solms), also in RABENHORST,
Bryotheca (40 Nr.).


SCHLAGINTWEIT, (Brothers)
Hermann (von) 1826 - 1882
born and died in Munich
Adolf 1829 - 1857
born: Munich died: Kaschgar (beheaded)
Robert (von) 1833 - 1885
born: Munich died: Gießen
Explorers, geographers and geologists. Initally explored the Alps, expedition to India (1854 - 57), then Himalayas and Tibet (supported by the East India Company and the Prussian king). Robert was prof. of geography in Gießen from 1864.

Biography: ADB 31: 336 - 347. 1890.
several papers in C.C. MÜLLER & W. RAUNIG, Der Weg zum Dach der
Welt. Innsbruck & Frankfurt a.M. 1984.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 458-459.
Herbarium: B (?)
GOET: only Gramineae and Gentianaceae (?) "Herbarium Schlagintweit from India and
High Asia" (Hb. Gris.).


SCHLAUTER, August 1803 - 1849
born: Dingelbe near Hildesheim died: Hildesheim
Gardener and botanist in Hildesheim.

Biography: SEELAND 1936: 4 - 5.
Hercynia 3: 588 - 591. 1944.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 459.
Herbarium: GOET, also bryophytes (ex. Hb. Hild.). From around Hildesheim, Hanover,
Celle. A few specimens in Hb. Bg. and Hb. Fi.

Revisions of bryophytes: F. KOPPE 1944: Die Moosflora von Hildesheim. Hercynia 3:
588 - 607.


SCHLEICHER, Johann Christoph (Jean Charles) 1770 - 1834
born: Hofgeismar (Hessen) died: Bex (Switzerland)
Born as SAWITZKY, named SCHLEICHER by adoption. Godchild of the botanist H. A. SCHRADER from Göttingen. Pharmacist in Bex, where he founded the first Swiss botanical gardens. Published exsiccatae.

Biography: GRUMMANN 1974.
Candollea 33: 177-178.. 1978 (handwriting).
Candollea 37: 590-595. 1982.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 460.
GOET: Switzerland, also bryophytes, lichens (Hb. Mey.).


SCHLIEPHACKE, Carl (Karl) 1834 - 1913
born: Halberstadt died: Blasewitz near Dresden
Pharmacist in Halle. Student of the bryologist C. MÜLLER. Later worked in the brown coal and mineral oil industry. Positions in Jeziorki in Galicia (E. Europe), Rehmsdorf near Zeitz, Upper Röblingen and Waldau (Merseburg district). Bryologist.

Biography: Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver. N. F. 31: 1 - 5. 1914.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 461-462.
Herbarium: JE
GOET: Bryophytes, central Germany, west Galicia, Norway etc. (Hb. Wicke and in
RABENHORST, Bryotheca).


SCHLIM, Louis Joseph
Plant collector in central and south America. Travelled around Central America, Venezuela and Colombia from 1841 to 1852 (partly with J. LINDEN and N. FUNCK).

Biography: Symb. Ant. 3: 120 - 121. 1902.
GOET: Bryophytes, "Nlle. Grenade" (Colombia) (Hb. Solms). Some palms collected
with N. FUNCK.


SCHLOSSER, (von KLEKOWSKI), Joseph Calasenz (Calsantius) 1808 - 1882
born: Heinrichswald (Moravia) died: Agram (Zagreb)
Doctor and botanist (flora). Doctor of the Komitate Kreutz (Körös, Križevci) and Agram (Zagreb) in Croatia.

Biography: Österr. Bot. Z. 19: 1 - 5. 1869.
WURZBACH, Biogr. Lex. Oestr. 30: 142 - 143. 1875.
Acta Hort. Berg. 3(2): 157 - 158. 1903.
GOMBOCZ 1936: 463-464.
GOET: Croatia (Hb. Gris.).


SCHMID, Ludwig Bernhard Ehregott 1787 / 88 - 1857
born: Lobeda near Jena
Studied theology before becoming a private tutor. Travelled to India in 1817 as missionary where he collected plants.

Biography: LINDEMANN 1885.
BURKILL 1965: 53 - 54.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 462-463.
GOET: Bryophytes (Musci) from India, "Mt. Neilgherienses" (Hb. Solms).

Revisions: C. MÜLLER 1853, Bot. Zeitung. 11: 17 - 24, 33 - 40, 57 - 62.


SCHMIDT, Johann Anton 1823 - 1905
born: Hamburg died: Elberfeld
Botanist. Ph. D in Göttingen. Expedition to the Cape Verde Islands in 1851. Lecturer in Heidelberg from 1852 - 1863, after which he lived as a private scholar in Hamburg.

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 23: (21) - (24). 1906.
DRÜLL 1986: 238-239.
WAGENITZ 1988: 155.
Herbarium: HBG
GOET: Cape Verde Islands (Hb. Gris.).

Revisions: J. A. SCHMIDT 1852: Beiträge zur Flora der Cap - Verdischen Inseln.
Heidelberg (a few isotypes are included).


SCHMIDT, Wilhelm Ludwig Ewald 1804 - 1843
born: Nattwerder near Potsdam died: Stettin
General practitioner in Stettin. Botanist (flora) and entomologist (coleopterologist).

Biography: Entom. Zeitung., Stettin 4: 194 - 199. 1843.
GOET: Pomerania = Pommern (Hb. Phil.).


SCHNEIDER, Gustav - ca. 1908
Mining official in Schmiedeberg in Silesia. Steel works supervisor in Kattowitz from 1883.

Biography: Wanderer Riesengeb. 1908, Nr. 306: 64 (n.v.).
Herbarium: Hieracium collection in B (†) (URBAN 1917: 135)
GOET: Hieracium, Riesengebirge.


SCHNEIDER, Wilhelm Gottlieb 1814 - 1889
born: Breslau
Entomologist and botanist (in particular mycologist). Published fungi exsiccate.

Biography: Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cultur (f. 1889) 67: 145 - 147. 1890.
GOET: "Herbarium schlesischer Pilze" edit. W. G. SCHNEIDER, 19 Fasc. = 950 Nr.,
1865 - 87 (acc. 1879 - 88).


SCHOLZ, Friedrich Wilhelm 1847 - 1903
born: Alt - Jauernick, Schweidnitz district died: Jauer
Teacher in Jauer from 1872. Botanist.

Biography: Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cultur 81, Nekr.: 21 - 22. 1904.
GOET: Silesia (Hb. Pet., Vo.).


SCHOMBURGK, Moritz Richard (Sir) 1811 - 1891
born: Freyburg a. d. Unstrut died: Adelaide
Botanist. Initially gardener in Berlin and Potsdam. Travelled with his brother Robert in British Guayana from 1840 - 44. Emigrated to Australia in 1849. Initially vine-grower, becoming the director of the botanical gardens in Adelaide in 1865. Introduced numerous culivated plants into Australia.

Biography: Austral. Dict. Biogr. 6: 91 - 92. 1976.
DESMOND 1977.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 468-469.
Herbarium: K, AD
GOET: Guayana, 1842 / 43 ("Gujana Anglica", acc. 1848).


SCHOUSBOE, Peter Kofod Ancher (Anker) 1766 - 1832
born: Rønne, (Dänemark) died: Tangier
Botanist. 1791 - 93; expedition to Spain and Morocco. Danish consul (general consul) in Tangier from 1800.

Biography: Bot. Tidsskr. 12: 92 - 93. 1880 - 81.
COSSON 1881: 10 - 11.
Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 16: 4 - 7.
Dansk Biogr. Leks. 21: 331. 1941.
GOET: Morocco "Reliquiae Maroccanae".


SCHRADER, Heinrich Adolph 1767 - 1836
born: Alfeld near Hildesheim died: Göttingen
Doctor and botanist (systematist). Lecturer and prof. (from 1802). Director of the botanical gardens at the University of Göttingen from 1794 - 1836.

Biography: Linnaea 12: 353 - 360. 1838.
ADB 32: 429 - 430. 1891.
GRUMMANN 1974.
WAGENITZ 1988: 158.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 470-471.
Herbarium: LE (acc. 1841).
GOET: A few specimens (Hb. Herr.). Cryptogams: "Systematische Sammlung
kryptogamischer Gewächse" 1796 ff. Nr. 1 - 115 (with gaps), others
specimens categorised under the lichens.


SCHRADER, Johann Eduard Julius 1809 - 1898
born: Berlin died: Berlin
Ph. D in Bonn in 1834. Thesis in field of botany. Later, head librarian at the royal Prussian library in Berlin. Botanist, owner of a large herbarium.

Biography: in his Ph.D thesis from 1834.
Herbarium: Berlin (east), position for palaeobotany at the German academy for sciences,
(see also: L. RÜFFLE 1964, Ber. Geol. Ges. DDR 9: 402 - 404. 1964).
GOET: Thüringen, Silesia, Mark Brandenbrug, ca. 1869 - 70 (Hb. Roth).


SCHRADER
Probably Dr. med. SCHRADER from Hildesheim, who announced an expedition to the south west states of North America in 1837 (flora 20, I: 288), on a stock certificate, (see also SEELAND 1936: 29).

GOET: North America (ca. 520 Nr., acc. 1844 and 1872).


SCHRENK, Alexander Gustav von 1816 - 1876
born: Triznovo, Gouv. Tula died: Dorpat
Botanist and explorer. Mineralogist. At the botanical gardens in St. Petersburg from 1837 - 44, and later as lecturer of mineralogy in Dorpat. Travelled in Russia and Central Asia (Dsungarei).

Biography: ADB 30: 484 - 485. 1891.
Russk. Biogr. Slovar 23: 387 - 389. 1911.
Deutsch - balt. Biogr. Lex. p. 697 - 698. 1970.
Herbarium: LE
GOET: Lapland; Central Asia: Songaria, Alatau (Hb. Gris.).


SCHRENK, Joseph - 1890
died: New York City
Prof. (botany and pharmacy).

Biography: Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 17: 111 - 112. 1890 (Obituary).
GOET: USA (Long Island, New Jersey), 1877 - 79 (Herb. Pae.).


SCHROEDER, Fred - Günter 1930 -
born: Dortmund
Botanist (plant geographer). Studied in Münster. 1959 - 64; scientific co-worker at the institute for Waldbau in Bonn. 1964 / 65; scientific assistant in Mainz. At the systematic - geobotanical institute at the University of Göttingen from 1965; (1968 - private lecturer, 1973 - prof.). 1969 / 70; as exchange lecturer in Boone, USA.

Biography: information communicated by himself
GOET: From around Göttingen, Scotland, 1968.
USA: North Carolina, Tennessee, 1969 / 70.


SCHÜTT, Bruno 1876 - 1956
born: Friedrichstadt (Schleswig) died: Bremen
Assistant in Berlin and Göttingen. Teacher from 1908 (later "studienrat") in Bremen. Botanist (flora). Several expeditions to Yugoslavia and Albania.

Biography: Abh. Naturw. Ver. Bremen 37: 197 - 202. 1967.
WAGENITZ 1988: 160.
Herbarium: BREM
GOET: Yugoslavia (Dalmatia, Montenegro), 1926 - 29.


SCHULTZ, Arthur 1838 - 1915
born: Lüben in Silesai died: Wiesbaden
Doctor in Storkow, Finsterwalde and finally in Wiesbaden. Botanist, in particular cryptogams.

Biography: ASCH. & GR. 2(2): 70. 1902.
Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 57: 244. 1916.
GOET: Yugoslavia: "Flora istriaca exsiccata" 1868 (acc. 1869).

Revisions: ASCHERSON 1869, Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 10: 135 - 139.


SCHULTZ ( - BIPONTINUS), Carl Heinrich 1805 - 1867
born: Zweibrücken died: Deidesheim
Doctor and botanist (in particular systematics of Compositae = Asteraceae). 1832 - 36; political refugee. Later worked as hospital doctor in Deidesheim.

Biography: Jahresber. Pollichia 25/27: L - LXII. 1868.
Flora 53: 53 - 58. 1870 (Bibliogr.).
ADB 32: 722 - 723. 1891.
Festschr. Feier 80. Geburtstag G. v. Neumayer, p. 1 - 21. 1906.
Herbarium: P
GOET: Edit.: "Cichoriaceotheca".


SCHULTZ, Friedrich Wilhelm 1804 - 1876
born: Zweibrücken died: Weißenburg (Alsace)
Pharmacist in Bitsch, later private tutor. Botanist (flora of the Pfalz). Published exsiccatae. "Flora der Pfalz". Speyer 1846.

Biography: Jahresber. Pollichia 18/19: 74 - 82. 1861 (concerning normale herbarium with
autobiography).
Flora 60: 81 - 86. 1877.
ADB 32: 706 - 707. 1891.
Festschrift Feier 80. Geburtstages Dr. G. v. Neumayer.
Bad Dürkheim 1906, p. 25 - 68.
DAB 2: 607. 1978.
GOET: F. SCHULTZ (Edit.), "Herbarium europaeum normale" Cent. 1 - 12 & Suppl.
(complete? ex Hb. div.).
F. SCHULTZ & F. WINTER "Herbarium normale. Phanerogamia" Cent. 1, 2
(Hb. Gris.). Both collections from F. SCHULTZ contain specimens from the
Palatinate and Alsace.
F. SCHULTZ & F. WINTER "Herbarium normale. Cryptogamia" Cent 1.


SCHULZE, Carl Theodor Maximilian (Max) 1841 - 1915
born: Neuhaldensleben died: Jena
Pharmacist in Hildburghausen. Private tutor in Jena from 1878. Botanist, orchid specialist.

Biography: Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver. N. F. 33: 1 - 6. 1916.
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 34: (5) - (14). 1917.
DAB 2: 608. 1978.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: Thüringen "Fl. Jenensis" 1882 (Hb. Roth).


SCHUR, Philipp Johann Ferdinand 1799 - 1878
born: Königsberg (east Prussia) died: Bielitz
Pharmacist, head of a chemical factory (including in Hermannstadt = Sibiu), teacher in Kronstadt (Braşow). Spent 9 years in Siebenbürgen where he researched the local flora. Later worked as private tutor in Vienna and Brünn.

Biography: Linnaea 33: 619 - 622. 1865.
Österr. Bot. Z. 26: 1 - 7. 1876.
CASPARY 1912: 272 - 273.
GOMBOCZ 1936: 452-462.
DAB 2: 611 - 612. 1978.
BARTH 1980: 134 - 138.
SPETA, F. 1994: Leben und Werk von Ferdinand Schur. – Stapfia 32.
334 pp. – Linz.
Herbarium: LW
GOET: Romania (south Carpathians) "Transsilvania" (Hb. Gris., also Vo.).


SCHWACKE, Carl August Wilhelm 1848 - 1904
born: Alfeld died: Barbacena, minas Geraës, Brazil
Botanist (plant collector). Emigrated to Brazil in 1873 where he worked as explorer and naturalist ("Naturalista viajante") until 1891 at the botanical department at the national museum in Rio de Janeiro. Prof. at the Escuela de Pharmacia in Ouro Preto im Staate Minas Geraës from 1891 onwards.

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 23: (12) - (15). 1906.
Fl. Brasil. 1 (1): 104 - 105. 1906.
Herbarium: RB
GOET: Brazil, 1880 - 83.


SCHWANECKE, Carl 1821 - 1916
born: Wernigerode
Gardener. Collected specimens in Central America (1846 - 49), in particular in Puerto Rico. Later owned a gardening nursery in Oschersleben ("Pionier der deutschen Stiefmütterchen - Züchter").

Biography: Gartenflora 50: 355 - 359. 190. (Autobiogr.).
Symb. Ant. 3: 124. 1902.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 482.
Herbarium: B (†), HAL
GOET: Puerto Rico (Hb. Bg., acc. 1853, Gris.). Bryophytes from Puerto Rico (Hb.
Solms).

Revisions: Linnaea 25: 334 - 366. 1852 (bryophytes & fungi).


SCHWEINFURTH, Georg August 1836 - 1925
born: Riga died: Berlin
Botanist and important explorer of Africa. Studied in Heidelberg, Munich and Berlin. Major expeditions in north east and central Africa 1863 - 66 and 1868 - 71, following which he spent 13 years as a private tutor in Cairo. Resident in Berlin from 1888. Further expeditions in north and north east Africa and in Yemen.

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 67: 107 - 113. 1925.
Kew Bull. 1925: 394 - 397.
J. Bot., London 63: 368 - 370. 1925.
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 43: (74) - (111). 1926.
K. GUENTHER 1954: Georg Schweinfurth. Lebensbild eines
Afrikaforschers. Briefe von 1857 - 1925. Stuttgart.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 483-484.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: Africa: "Flora von Gallabat", 1865; "Reise nach Central Africa" 1869 - 70;
Egypt, 1879 - 81 (Hb. Roth).

Bibliography: G. SCHWEINFURTH 1918: Im Herzen von Afrika. 3. Aufl.

Itinerary: Bot. Zeitung 29: 301 ff. 1871 (Niam-Niam journey).
Bot. Jahrb. 14: 285 ff.
G. E. WICKENS 1972: Dr. G. Schweinfurth's journeys in the Sudan. Kew
Bull. 27: 129 - 146.


SCHWÖDER, A. A.

GOET: Moravia, ca. 1881 - 89 (Hb. Roth, Vo.).


SCRIBA, Julius Karl 1848 - 1905
born: Darmstadt died: Tokyo
Doctor in Freiburg i. Br., botanist (published a flora of Hessen with DOSCH). Later prof. of surgery at the University of Tokyo.

Biography: Biogr. Jahrb. 10: 250. 1907.
ASCH. & GR. 5 (2): 226. 1921.
GRUMMANN 1974.
GOET: Hessen, Palatinate (Hb. Roth.).


SEELAND, Hermann 1868 - 1954
born and died in Hildesheim
Catholic priest in Ruthe, Celle, Hanover and (from 1932) Hildesheim (prelate and cannon). Botanist (flora from around Hildesheim). Works about botanists from Hildesheim.

Biography: Ber. Naturhist. Ges. Hannover 102: 5 - 6. 1954.
Herbarium: Mostly destroyed in 1945.
GOET: Lower Saxony (in particular around Hildesheim) (Hb. Hild.).


SEEMANN, Berthold Carl 1825 - 1871
born: Hanover died: Javali Mine, Nicaragua
Botanist and plant collector. Gardener in Hanover and Kew. 1846 - 51; botanist on the expedition headed by the english explorer Fregatte Herald (including Panama and Mexico), 1860 in the Fiji islands. 1853; Dr. h. c. at the University of Göttingen. Editor of the journal "Bonplandia" from 1853 - 62 and the "Journal of Botany, British and Foreign" from 1863 - 71. Finally member of the board of directors of a gold digger society in Nicaragua.

Biography: J. Bot., London 10: 1 - 7. 1872.
Bot. Zeitung. 30: 503 - 509. 1872.
ADB 33: 581 - 584. 1891.
BRETSCHNEIDER 1898: 384 - 386.
DESMOND 1977.
KNOBLOCH 1979: 63.
WAGENITZ 1988: 163.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 486-487.
Herbarium: K
GOET: A few specimens Panama. (Hb. Gris.).


SEIDENSTICKER

GOET: Italy, Spain, Marocco (Hb. Bg., Gris.).


SELLOW (SELLO), Friedrich 1789 - 1831
born: Potsdam died: while bathing in the Rio Doce / Brazil
Gardener (helper at the botanical gardens in Berlin). Studied botany in Paris and London. 1814 - 31; as collector in Brazil, initally on his own account and then later with the support of the Prussian government. Travelled partly with Maximilian von WIED-NEUWIED.

Biography: Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 177 - 198. 1893.
Fl. Brasil. 1 (1): 105 - 116. 1906.
Zool. Jahrb. (Syst.) 77: 401 - 425. 1948.
Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 74: 119-149. 1945.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001:488.
Herbarium: B
GOET: A few specimens, Brazil (ex B, 1838).


SENDTNER, Otto 1813 - 1859
born: Munich died: Erlangen
Botanist (bryologist, systematist and vegetation scientist). Prof. at the University of Munich and curator of the herbarium. Contracted by the Munich academy to research the vegetation of south Bavaria.

Biography: Flora 42: 268 - 272. 1859.
ADB 34: 7 - 8. 1892.
Fl. Brasil. 1(1): 202 - 203. 1906.
Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 12: 73 - 89. 1909.
GRUMMANN 1974.
MÄGDEFRAU 1978: 133, 144.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 489-491.
Herbarium: Bryophytes B (†)
GOET: Yugoslavia: Bosnia, 1847 (Hb. Gris.). The labels carry only a number to which
GRISEBACH has added "Bosnia Sdtn.".
Revisions: KUMMER & SENDTNER 1849, Flora 32: 1 - 10, 753 - 766 (unfinished).


SENNHOLZ, Gustav 1850 - 1895
born: Frankfurt a. M died: Vienna
Gardener, including in Bockenheim near Frankfurt. Head of the municipal public gardens in Vienna. Botanist in Hessen and lower Austria.

Biography: Verh. Zool. -Bot. Ges. Wien 45: 315 - 317. 1895.
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 13: (55) - (58). 1896.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 491-492.
Herbarium: MBG (see also Hess. Flor. Briefe 16: 15. 1967)
GOET: Bry, Hessen, Taunus etc. (Hb. Vo.).


SERINGE, Nicolas Charles 1776 - 1858
born: Longjumeau (Seine - et - Oise) died: Lyon
French botanist, 1801 - 30 in Bern and Geneve, then prof. of botany in Lyon.

Biography: BRIQUET 1940: 436 - 439.
GOET: Salix, "Saules de la Suisse", Cahier 1 - 8. 117 Nr. 1805 - 16 (including
isotypes).


SETH, Karl Adam Theodor 1850 - 1909
born and died in Mölneberg near Burseryd / Småland
Secondary school teacher, later curator of the botanical museum in Uppsala. Bryologist.

Biography: Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 3: (26) - (28). 1909.
Svenska Män 6: 636 - 637. 1949.
GOET: Bry: "Hepaticae Scandinavicae", 1897 / 80 (Hb. Vo.).


SIEBER, Franz Wilhelm 1789 - 1844
born and died in Prague
Naturalist and explorer. Collected animals, antiquities and ethnological objects as well as plants (published numerous exsiccate). Major expeditions: 1817 - 19; Crete, Egypt, Palastine. 1822 - 24: South Africa, Australia. 1830; West Alps. Resident in a mental institution from 1830.

Biography: Jahrb. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1: 278-306. 1881.
WURZBACH, Biogr. Lexikon Kaiserth. Österreich 33: 227 - 237. 1897.
MAIWALD 1904: 112 ff.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 493-494.
Herbarium: W, M, PR etc.
GOET: Crete (Hb. Bg., Phil.).
Palestine ( a few specimens),
Egypt (a few specimens).
South Africa: "Fl. capensis" (Hb. Gris.).
Australia: "Nov. Holl." (Hb. Bg., Gris.). "Agrostotheca Novae Hollandiae"
(acc. 1840).
Pter.: "Syn. Filicum" (acc. 1866).
SIEBER published several exsiccatae which were completly or partly collected
by other collectors:

Mauritius "Hb. Maurit." (leg. HILSENBERG & BOJER) (acc. 1868, also Hb.
Gris.). Martinique: "Fl. martin." (leg. KOHAUT). "Fl. mixta": Martinique,
Senegal, Cape (leg. KOHAUT and SIEBER ?). Corsica (leg. EISENLOHR).


SIEGFRIED, Hans 1837 - 1903
born: Zofingen died: Bülach
Businessman in Zofingen, Zurich, Winterthur and Bülach. Botanist (Potentilla specialist).

Biography: Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 86: LXXII - LXXV. 1904.
Zofinger Neujahrsbl. 1987: 77-90.
Herbarium: Z
GOET: Potentilla: "Exsiccata Potentillarum spontanearum cultarumque".

Revisions: R. KELLER 1889: Das Potentillarium von Herrn H. Siegfried in Winterthur.
Bot. Cbl. 40: 169 - 171, 199 - 203, 241 - 246, 277 - 283.


SIEGMUND, Wilhelm 1821 - 1897
died: Reichenberg (Bohemia = Liberec)
Town mayor in Reichenberg.

Biography: Acta Hort. Berg. 3(2): 85. 1903.
GOET: Bry, Bohemia, 12 Nr. in RABENHORST, Bryotheca & Hepat.


SIMPSON, Norman Douglas 1890 - 1974
born: Carlton Miniott (Yorkshire) died: Bournemouth
Botanist. In Egypt from 1921 - 29 as agriculture expert. Later lived as private scholar. Bibliography ("A bibliographical index of the British flora." 1960).

Biography: Watsonia 10: 403 - 410. 1975.
DESMOND 1977.
Herbarium: K, BM
GOET: Egypt, ca. 100 Nr. (ex K, acc. 1975 / 78).


SINTENIS, Paul Ernst Emil 1847 - 1907
born: Seidenberg (Lower Silesia) died: Kupferberg (Silesia)
Pharmacist, temporarily in Bolkenhain and later in Brandenburg a. H. Head of a botanical exchange programme. Plant collector.

Biography: Symb. Ant. 3: 127 - 130. 1902.
Candollea 33: 393 - 394. 1978 (manuscript).
Herbarium: LD
GOET: Puerto Rico, 1884 - 86 "Plantae Portoricenses" (acc. 1886 - 1900, more than
1300 Nr.).
Turkey, in particular "Iter trojanum 1883" (Hb. Pae. & Roth); "Iter orientale
1888" (Hb. Pae.), "Iter orientale 1892" (Hb. Vo.). A few specimens: "Iter
orientale 1889, 1890, 1894" Cyprus, 1880 (Hb. Pa.).
The material at GOET includes more than 150 (iso-)types.

Itinerary: (Turkey 1888 - 1894) Notes R. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 25: 31 - 39. 1963.

Revisions include: J. FREYN 1893 / 94 in Österr. Bot. Z. 43 - 44 and 1895 / 96 in
Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3 - 4
J. BORNMÜLLER 1936 - 44, Symbolae ad Floram Anatolicam. Repert.
Spec. Nov., Beih. 89.


SMITH, George ("Geo") 1804 - 1882
born: Haverford Township, Delaware County
Studied medicine at the university of Pennsylvania, graduated 1826. Doctor in Darby and its vicinity for five years. Later farm-owner, active in different official duties and in natural history. Wrote a “History of Delaware County” (1862).

Biography: HARSHBERGER 1899: Botanists of Philadelphia. Philadelphia. pg. 188-189.
GOET: USA: Pennsylvania, New Jersey (acc. 1867 / 68).


SNELL, O.

GOET: Germany, ca. 1872 - 1937 (ca. 100 sheets incl. a few collected by KNODT).


SOLEIROL, Joseph François 1781 - 1863
born: Verdum died: Metz
Plant collector on Corsica. Engineering officer.

Biography: E. BONNET 1902: 423 - 424.
BRIQUET 1910, Prodr. Fl. Corse p. LVI (concerning his collection from
Corsica).
Herbarium: P
GOET: Corsica (Hb. Gris.). - Most hand written labels on grey paper without a name or
only "S".


SOLMS - LAUBACH, Hermann Maximilian Carl Ludwig, Graf zu 1842 - 1915
born: Laubach near Gießen died: Strasbourg
Botanist, prof. in Strasbourg (1872 - 79 and from 1888) and Göttingen (1879 - 1888). Work in the
fields of morphology, systematics and palaeobotany. Bryologist.

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 33: (95) - (112). 1916.
Proceed. Roy. Soc. London B 90: XIX - XXVI. 1919.
GRUMMANN 1974.
WAGENITZ 1988: 169.
ANDREWS 1980: 311-314.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 496-497.
Herbarium: GOET (collected until 1888 or acquired specimens?), also bryophytes, lichens.
Phanerogams: including Switzerland, "Fl. Genvensis", 1865. France: "Flora
Delphinatus, 1865". "Fl. Galliae Occident. 1869". Portugal: "Flora Lusitanica
Algarve, 1866".
Bryophytes: including Portugal, 1866 (specimens for "Tentamen Bryo -
Geographiae Algarviae", 1868). Hessen. - Java, 1883 / 84.

Comments: The Solms herbarium also contains his Uncle's (Reinhard Graf zu SOLMS -
LAUBACH), (see the entry under his name) and numerous exsiccatae of
bryophytes and lichens.


SOLMS - LAUBACH, Graf Reinhard zu 1801 - 1870
born: Laubach near Gießen died: Mannheim
Officer in Prussian and Russian service. Retired as general officer in 1854. Bryologist and
lichenologist. Hermann Graf zu SOLMS - LAUBACH's uncle.

Biography: Bot. Zeitung. 29: 864. 1871.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 497.
Herbarium: GOET, bryophytes and Lichens including from Norway in 1858. Also in
RABENHORST, European bryotheca.

Comments: It is not always obvious which specimens in the Solms herbarium originate from
Reinhard S.L or from his nephew Hermann S.L. Even less clear is who
acquired the included exsiccatae.


SOYAUX, Hermann 1852 -
born: Breslau
Botanist, traveller and plantation owner. participant on the Loango expedition from 1873 - 76. In
the Gabun area 1879 – 85 and later in Brazil.

Biography: Meyers Großes Konvers. -Lex. 6. Edition 18: 633. 1907.
ESSNER 1985: 203.
GOET: Gabun "Plantae Occidentali - Africanae", 1880 - 81.

Itinerary and Revisions: Bull. Soc. Bot. France 29: 192 - 193. 1882.
Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 14: 280 - 282. 1892.


SPRENGEL, Kurt Polykarp Joachim 1766 - 1833
born: Boldekow (Pommern) died: Halle a. S.
Doctor (worked as general practitioner until 1795) and botanist. 1789 - extraordinary and 1795 -
ordinary prof. of botany in Halle. Important contributions to the knowledge of the history of botany
and medicine.

Biography: ADB 35: 296 - 299. 1893.
KRAUS, G. 1894: Der Botanische Garten der Universität Halle. 2. Part: Kurt
Sprengel. Leipzig.
Z. Naturwiss. 69: 333 ff. 1897.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 499-500.
Herbarium: Dispersed after his death, partly in B (†), see also STAFLEU, Taxonomic
Literature ed. 1.
GOET: From around Halle (Hb. Gris.), lichens (Hb. Mey.?).

Comments: A few specimens of lichens from the SPRENGEL herbarium are in GOET
labelled as "Or. [original] Sprengel"). However the SPRENGEL's entire lichen
herbarium is definetly not present, contrary to what GRUMMANN reasoned
from notes written by KREMPELHUBER.


SPRIBILLE, Franz Joseph 1841 - 1921
born: Czarnozin (Annaberg) near Leschnitz, Upper Silesia. died: Breslau
Teacher in several areas including in Meseritz, Schrimm and Inowrazław (Posen province). Retired
in 1908 and spent his retirement in Breslau. Botanist (Rubus specialist).

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 64: 148 - 149. 1922.
GOET: West Prussia (Bromberg), 1890 - 92 (Hb. Vo.).


SPRUCE, Richard 1817 - 1893
born: Ganthorpe, Yorkshire died: Coneysthorpe, Castle Howard, Yorkshire
Botanist, collected from 1849 - 64 in south America. Later worked in particular as bryologist.

Biography: J. Bot., London 32: 50 - 53. 1894.
Kew Bull. 1894: 32 - 33. 1894.
Ann. Bot., London 14: XI - XIV. 1900.
Fl. Brasil. 1(1): 113 - 116. 1906.
Dict. Sci. Biogr. 12: 594. 1975.
DESMOND 1977.
Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 77: 131 - 139. 1978.
Nova Hedwigia 36: 199-208. 1982.
Herbarium: K
GOET: Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, 1849 - 59 (Hb. Gris.). More than 350 isotypes have
been found so far.

Itinerary: in Ecuador: Bibl. Bot. 116: 52 - 54. 1937.


SPRUNER, Wilhelm von (Wilhelm SPRUNER von MERTZ) 1805 - 1874
born: Ingolstadt died: Munich
Military pharmacist, 1834 - 43 in Greek service. Plant collector.

Biography: Bull. Herb. Boiss. sér. II. 6: 582 - 584. 1906.
Herbarium: Bought by DINGLER (B † ?).
GOET: Greece (Hb. Gris.).


STAUDT, Alois - 1897
died: Johann - Albrechts - Höhe, Kamerun
Gardener and plant collector. Collected specimens in Togo and Cameron. 1893 - 95 with ZENKER
and later alone.

Biography: LETOUZEY 1968: 15, 57, 62.
HEPPER & NEATE 1971.
GOET: see under ZENKER.


STEFFENS, Alfred 1851 - 1872
born: Berlin died: Heidelberg
Active in botanical and flora research as a student. Collected in several areas including in Berlin,
Danzig, Harz, Thuringia, Riesengebirge.

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 14: 151 - 152. 1873.
GOET: North east Germany (Hb. Pae., Roth).


STEINBACH, José - 1930
died: Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Professional collector of plants and animals (ornithologist). Lived in Sara province in Bolivia from
1916, later in Santa Cruz.

Biography: Physis, Buenos Aires 2: 203. 1916.
El Hornero 4: 435-436. 1931.
FUNK & MORI 1989: 16.
GOET: Bolivia, 1924 - 29 (150 Nr. acc. 1926).

Revisions: Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Mus. Berlin - Dahlem 9: 1034 - 1042, 1926; 115 - 1160,
1927; 10: 345 - 351, 1928.


STEININGER, Hans 1856 - 1891
born: Garsten near Steyr died: Reichraming, Upper Austria.
Initially worked as metal worker before becoming a teacher at a "Volkschule" (finally in Reichraming)
Botanist and monographer of the European Pedicularis species.

Biography: Österr. Bot. Z. 41: 135 - 137. 1891.
GOET: Upper Austria, from 1884 (Hb. Vo., also in Fl. Exs. Austro - Hung. and in
BAENITZ, Fl. Europ.).


STEINITZ, W. fl. 1870 - 1885
GOET: Hungary, near Budapest, ca. 1877 - 82 (ex Hb. div.).


STETTNER, Hans (Johannes) 1873 - 1949
born: Vaihingen / Enz died: Kirchheim / Teck
Secondary school teacher ("Realschule"), in Kirchheim / Teck from 1917.

Biography: KÜNKELE & SEYBOLD 1970: 155.
SEYBOLD in litt.
Herbarium: GOET, ca. 300 Nr., mostly south west Germany, Alps, Italy.


STEURER, Karl (Carl) - 1901

Biography: Year of death in BNUB
GOET: Triest, Pola, ca. 1885 - 88 (Hb. Roth, Vo.).


STEVEN, Christian (von) 1781 - 1863
born: Hamina (Fredriksham) in Finland died: Simferopol
Doctor and botanist. Studied medicine in several areas including in St. Petersburg and Jena.
Worked with MARSCHALL von BIEBERSTEIN from 1800. Travelled in Caucasus, the Crimea and
southern Russia. Became director of the botanical gardens in Nikita (Crimea) in 1812. Travelled to
the botanical centres of central and western Europe in 1821 - 22. General inspector of the
Seidenbaues in 1826.

Biography: Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 23 (2): 645 - 677. 1850; 36 (4): 574 - 578.
1863; 38 (1): 101 - 161. 1865.
KUKKONEN, I. & K. VILJAMAA 1971: Herbarium of Christian Steven.
Helsinki.
Herbarium: H
GOET: Caucasus ("Pl. Ross. rar.", Caucasia, Iberia); Crimea (2in Tauria") (Hb. Gris.).


STRAMPFF, Heinrich Leopold von 1800 - 1879
died: Berlin
President of the supreme court in Berlin. Studied plants in the field, especially in the Alps.

Biography: ASCH. & GR. 3: 825. 1907.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: Switzerland, ca. 1862 - 66 (Hb. Pae., Roth).


STŘIBRNÝ, Václav 1853 - 1927
born: Lidice near Prague
Teacher at the agriculture institue in Sadowo near Philippopel (Plovdiv), Bulgaria.

Biography: ASCH. & GR. 6 (2): 750. 1909.
Veda Přírodni 14: 222 - 223. 1933.
GOET: Bulgaria, 1893 - 97 (also in BAENITZ, Herb. Europ.).


STUCKERT, Teodoro Juan Vincente 1852 - 1932
born: Basel died: Córdoba, Argentina
Pharmacist in Tucumán and Córdoba. Prof. at the agricultural university in Córdoba. Later spent a
long time in Geneve. Botanist.

Biography: ASCH. & GR. 5 (1): 355. 1914.
Physis 11: 192 - 13. 1932.
Anal. Soc. Cient. Argent. 114: 116 - 121. 1932.
Herbarium: CORD
GOET: Argentina: 1 fascicle Solanum, ca. 1907.


STUDNICZKA, K.

GOET: Yugoslavia: "Flora Dalmatiens", 1874 / 76 (200 Nr., acc. 1876).


SUFFERT

GOET: A few specimens from Peru, 1830 (Hb. Bg., acc. 1841).


SUKSDORF, Wilhelm Nikolaus 1850 - 1932
born: Dransau (Schleswig - Holstein) died: Bingen, Wash.
Plant collector and (auto didactic) botanist. Arrived in the USA in 1858. In connection with
A. GRAY from 1877, whose assistant he was for a short time. Lived from the sales of exsiccatae
and seeds. Lived for most of the time in "White Salmon" (later re-named Bingen) in Washington
State.

Biography: Research Stud. State Coll. Washington 12: 15 - 121. 1944; 23: 225 - 278.
1955.
EWAN 1981.
Herbarium: WS
GOET: USA: Washington, ca. 1884 - 89, Oregon.


SYDOW, Paul 1851 - 1925
born: Callies, Pommern died: Sophienstädt near Ruhlsdorf, Mark Brandenburg
Teacher in Berlin. Mycologist (Uredineen - specialist, bibliography).

Biography: Candollea 33: 423 - 424. 1978.
DÖRFELT & HEKLAU 1998: 428.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 516.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: Berlin, Pommern (Hb. Roth). Bryophytes: Berlin, Mark Brandenburg (Hb.
Schell., Vo.). Fungi: "Mycotheca germanica" (acc. 1907 ff).


SYME, John Thomas Irvine (later BOSWELL) 1822 - 1888
born: Edinburgh died: Balmuto, Fife
Botanist. First floristic work while working as surveyor. Later curator of the Edinburgh Botanical
Society and then of the Botanical Society of London in 1851. Botany lecturer at the School of
Medicine. "English Botany".

Biography: J. Bot., London 26: 82 - 84. 1888.
DESMOND 1977.
Herbarium: BM
GOET: Bryophytes.


SZOVITS, Johann Nepomuk - 1830
died: Kutaissi, Georgia
Originally from Hungary. Pharmacist (and Botanist) in Odessa. Collected in the Ukraine (see also
under LANG) and from 1828 - 30 in Transcaucasia and north west Iran.

Herbarium: LE
GOET: Transcaucasia: "Armenia" and Iran: "Persia bor." (ex Hb. Petrop.;
partly ex Hb. Gris.). - see also LANG.

Biography and Itinerary: J. M. LAMOND 1973: The Transcaucasian and Iranian collections
of J. N. Szovits. Notes R. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 32: 239 - 245.