Department of Systematic Botany
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WAGENITZ, Gerhard Werner Friedrich 1927 -
born: Potsdam
Botanist (systematist). Studied in Berlin and Göttingen (F. FIRBAS's pupil). 1956 as foundation-scholar under K. H. RECHINGER in Vienna. Scientific assistant at the Free University of Berlin from 1956 - 58. Curator of the botanical gardens and botanical museum in Berlin - Dahlem from 1958 - 69. Private lecturer 1962. Ordinary prof. at the University of Göttingen since 1969. 1993 emeritus.
Biography: Englera 1. 1979.
Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 108: 145-153. 1987.
Herbarium: GOET (some specimens in B).
GOET: Central Europe (especially Berlin, Mark Brandenburg, central Germany,
Southern Lower Saxony, East Friesland islands, Lower Austria and
Burgenland, Alps). Swedish Lapland (1967). France. Tunisia (1968).
Turkey (with H. J. BEUG, 1957). Bulgaria (1973). Armenian SSR (1975).
Greece (1982, with J. HERBORG), Spain (1987; 1990 with F. HELLWIG).
Cyprus (1999).

Revisions: Turkey: Willdenowia 3: 221 - 288. 1963.


WAGNER, Moritz Friedrich 1813 - 1887
born: Bayreuth died: Munich
Explorer, zoologist and jounalist. Travelled in several places including in Algeria, Caucasus Iran, north and central America (1852 - 53 and 1857). Contributed to the evolution theory through his work "Migrationsgesetz der Organismen".

Biography: Deutsche Rundschau Geogr. Statistik 10: 90 - 93. 1888.
Leopoldina 24: 43 - 45, 62 - 65, 78 - 81, 99 - 101, 118 - 122, 138 - 140.
1888.
ADB 40: 532 - 543. 1896.
Lebensläufe Franken 5: 451 - 466. 1936.
H. BECK 1951: Moritz Wagner in der Geschichte der Geographie. Diss.
Marburg (Lahn).
H. BECK 1971: Große Reisende. München (p. 190-208).
WAGENITZ 1988: 190.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 540-541.
GOET: Turkey (Armenia), Caucasus, the Crimea (acc. 1846 / 51). - Panama (Hb. Gris.).


WAGNER, Wilhelm
Doctor, head of a hospital in Königshütte (Chorzów) in Upper Silesia. Plant collector.

GOET: A few specimens from Silesia, Switzerland from 1878 onwards (Hb. Vo.).


WAHLENBERG, Göran 1780 - 1851
born: Skarphyttan (Värmland) died: Uppsala
Botanist. Initially held posts in several subordinate positions at the University of Uppsala. Expeditions to Gotland, Lapland, Carpathians etc. Succeeded THUNBERG as prof. of botany in Uppsala in 1828 after which he became rather inactive in botany. Especially important as plant geographer (comparision of altitudinal zones in different areas).

Biography: Kongl. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 1851: 431 - 505. 1853.
GOMBOCZ 1936: 390-393.
Dict. Sci. Biogr. 14: 116 - 117. 1976.
Herbarium: UPS
GOET: A few specimens in Lapland (also bryophytes and lichens) (Hb. Mey.).


WAHLSTEDT, Lars Johan 1836 - 1917
born: Versås died: Wittsjö
Teacher in Kristianstad from 1865 - 1905. Botanist (specialised in Chara and Viola).

Biography: Bot. Notis. 1917: 143 - 144. 1917.
Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 15: 272 - 277. 1921.
Herbarium: F
GOET: Edit. "Violae Sueciae exs." (see under NEUMAN).


WAITZ, Friedrich August Carl 1798 - 1882
born: Bückeburg died: Batavia (Java)
Doctor in dutch service from 1823 onwards. Plant collector on Java.

Biography: Fl. Males. I. 1: 554 - 555. 1950.
GOET: Java, also bryophytes (acc. 1850).


WALLROTH, Carl Friedrich Wilhelm 1792 - 1857
born: Breitenstein near Stolberg in the Harz died: Nordhausen
Doctor and botanist. General practitioner in Heringen a. d. Helme. District doctor from 1822 in Nordhausen. Areas of botanical interest included the flora of the Harz. Lichenologist.

Biography: Bonplandia 5: 147 - 148. 1857.
Bot. Zeitung. 15: 545 - 555. 1857.
ADB 40: 766 - 768. 1896.
Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver. N. F. 9: 14 - 27. 1896.
FITTING 1897, Z. Naturw. 69: 337 - 341.
GRUMMANN 1974.
KELLNER 1979, Beitr. Heimatk. Stadt Kreis Nordhausen 4: 50 - 57.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 542-543.
Herbarium: PR, STR
GOET: Harz, also lichens (Hb. Gris., Mey.).


WARMING, Johannes Eugenius Bülow 1841 - 1924
born: Manø, Danmark died: Copenhagen
Botanist (morphologist, systematist and founder of ecological plant geography). In Lagoa Santa from 1863 - 66 (Minas Geraës, Brazil). Lecturer in Copenhagen. Teacher in Stockholm. Ordinary prof. and director of the botanical gardens and museum in Copenhagen from 1885 onwards.

Biography: Fl. Brasil. 1(1): 132 - 134. 1906.
Bot. Tidskr. 39: 1 - 56. 1927.
Dansk Biogr. Leks. ed. 2. 25: 134 - 141. 1943.
Dict. Scient. Biogr. 14: 181 - 182. 1976.
Herbarium: C
GOET: A few specimens from Brazil (Minas Geraës), especially Malphighiaceae.


WARNECKE, Otto
Gardener and plant collector in Togo from 1899. In East Africa from 1903 - 08 (Amani).

Biography: URBAN 1917: 180, 187.
HEPPER & NEATE 1971.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: Togo, near Lome (ex B).


WARNSTOFF, Carl (Karl) Friedrich 1837 - 1921
born: Sommerfeld/Lausitz died: Friedenau near Berlin
Teacher in Arnswalde and Neurippin. Retired to Berlin. Botanist (flora and bryophytes), in particular Sphagnum (revision of the genus in "Pflanzenreich").

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 64: 152 - 153. 1922.
Hedwigia 60: 50 - 53. 1918; 63: 1 - 6. 1921.
GRUMMANN 1974.
Herbarium: B (partly preserved, see also Willdenowia 3: 289 - 313. 1963).
GOET: Mark Brandenburg and "Flora of Clötze i. d. Altmark", 1873 (Hb. Pae.).
Bryophytes: "Deutsche Laubmoose" (Edit. WARNSTOFF, various collectors,
Hb. Wicke).


WARODELL, Emil

GOET: Scandinavia, 1881 - 97 (Hb. Vo.).


WEBERLING, Focko 1926 -
born: Goslar
Studied in Göttingen, Tübingen and Mainz. Botanist (morphology and systematics). Habilitation in Mainz in 1960 / 61, lecturer from 1963 and later prof. in Gießen. Ordinary prof. at the University of Ulm since 1975. Many journeys especially in South America.

Biography: KÜRSCHNER ed. 13. 1980.
GRUMMANN 1974: 151-152.
GOET: A few specimens, El Salvador, 1958 (Types partly collected
with SCHWANITZ).

Revisions: Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 39: 435 - 449. 1963.


WEHRHAHN, Wilhelm 1857 - 1926
born: Göttingen died: Hannover
Trained as teacher 1879-82. Teacher in Hannover, finally head of a school. Botanist (flora, bryologist). "Flora der Laub- und Lebermoose für die Umgebung der Stadt Hannover." Hannover 1921. Exs.: "Bryophyta Exsiccata Hannoverana". Fasc. I-III. Nr. 1-150. Hanover.

Biography: Jahresber. Naturhist. Ges. Hannover 75-80: V-VII.1930.
SEELAND 1938: 18.
WAGENITZ 1988: 192.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 553.
Herbarium: BONN (?)
GOET: 29 moss specimens.


WEIGELT, Christoph - 1828
died: Brunswijk, Surinam
Cand. med. from Dresden. Collected in Surinam in 1828 where he died shortly after his arrival.

Biography: Flora 11, I: 94 - 95. 1828.
PULLE 1906: 2.
Herbarium: LZ (?), KIEL
GOET: A few specimens from Surinam.


WEIHE, Carl Ernst August 1779 - 1834
born: Mennighüffen, Herford district died: Herford
Doctor and botanist (flora, important Rubus researcher). Studied medicine in Halle following training as a pharmacist. General practitioner in Lüttringhausen near Remscheid, Bünde, Mennighüffen and finally in Herford.

Biography: GRIES, B. 1978: Leben und Werk des westfälischen Botanikers Carl Ernst
August Weihe. - Abh. Landesmus. Naturk. Münster i. Westf. 40 (3): 1 - 45.
Herbarium: MSTR
GOET: A few specimens, Westphalia, esp. Rubus.


WEISS (Weiß), Johann Evangelist 1850 - 1918
born: Weihmichel near Landshut died: Munich
Teacher at the "höheren Stadtschule" (secondary school) in Hattingen (Westphalia). 1876; Ph. D. Munich, 1883; private lecturer at Munich University. Assistant at the herbarium, 1890, curator of the Botanic Gardens, Munich. 1896, (grammar school) prof. in Freising.

Biography: Mitt. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 3: 522. 1920.
RUNGE 1967: 31.
HERTEL & SCHREIBER 1988/89: 419.
GOET: Westphalia (Hattingen), 1878 / 79.


WELWITSCH, Friedrich Martin Josef 1806 - 1872
born: Maria – Saal (Carinthia) died: London
Studied medicine and natural sciences in Vienna. In Portugal 1839 - 53. Collected intially for the "Unio itineraria", later worked as garden inspector. Contracted by the Portuguese government to work on the flora and fauna of Angola (1853 - 63), discovered the Welwitschia. Revised his collections in London from 1863 onwards.

Biography: J. Bot., London 11: 1 - 11. 1873.
Portugal. Acta Biol. Ser. B. 6: 257 - 334; 7: 49 - 276. 1959 - 64 (thorough
biography by DOLEZAL).
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 73: 50 - 57. 1960.
BAUR 1970: 262 - 263.
Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 4: 269 - 303. 1972.
Herbarium: LISU, BM
GOET Portugal: "Iter Lusitanicum", V. 1840 (Hb. Gris.).


WENDLAND, Heinrich Ludolph 1792 - 1869
born: Herrenhausen near Hanover (?) died: Teplitz (Teplice, Bohemia)
Gardener and botanist. Training in several places including Vienna and Kew. Later successed his father Johann Cristoph W. as head of the royal gardens in Herrenhausen near Hanover. Botanical work on Acacia and, (with BARTLING) Rutaceae (Diosmeae).

Biography: J. Bot., London 7: 279 - 280. 1869.
K. - H. MEYER 1963 in K. MORAWIETZ (Edit.), Die Königlichen Gärten.
Hannover. Pg. 65 - 67.
WAGENITZ 1988: 194.
Herbarium: GOET (ex Hb. Herr.). including cult. plants, amoung which are types of new
described species (see also Taxon 21: 287 - 289. 1972).


WENDLAND, Joh. Bernhard Daniel Hermann 1825 - 1903
born and died in Herrenhausen near Hannover
Son of Heinrich Ludolph W. Trained as gardener in the botanical gardens in Göttingen, Schönbrunn near Vienna and in Kew. Arrived in Herrenhausen in about 1850, where he became director in 1869. Expedition to central America in 1856 / 57. Introduced Anthurium scherzeranum and Saintpaulia ionantha. Botanist (palm specialist).

Biography: Gartenflora 40: 228 - 230. 1891; 52: 122 - 127. 1903.
J. Kew Guild 1903: 150 - 151. 1903.
Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Hannover 50 - 54: 4. 1905.
Taxon 21: 287 - 289. 1972.
WAGENITZ 1988: 194.
Herbarium: GOET (es Hb. Herr.) Central America, esp. Costa Rica, 1856 / 57. Palm
herbarium (with numerous types), several cult. from Herrenhausen.

Itinerary: DURAND & PITTIER 1893: Primitiae florae costaricensis 2: 23 ff. (= Bull.
Soc. Bot. Belg. 32: 137 ff.).


WENDLAND, Johann Christoph 1755 - 1828
born: Landau in the Palatinate died: Herrenhausen near Hanover
Gardener and botanist. Worked in the gardens of Herrenhausen near Hanover from 1778 where he became garden master in 1795 and garden inspector in 1817. Published several works on garden plants, partly together with SCHRADER.

Biography: Bonplandia 6: 229 - 231. 1858.
ADB 41: 717 - 718. 1896.
Pfälzer Heimat 15: 134 - 136. 1964.
Taxon 21: 287 - 289. 1972.
Herbarium: GOET (Hb. Herr.), specimens of cultivated plants from the Herrenhausen
gardens, including at least some types of the species described by him.


WENZEL, Gustav - 1932
Civil servant („Rechnungsrat“) in Minden. Botanist.

Biography: RUNGE 1967 (and written communication).
GOET: Stade, 1884; Westphalia 1897 (Hb. Vo.).


WETTSTEIN, Friedrich (Fritz), Ritter von Westersheim 1895 - 1945
born: Prague died: Trins / Tyrol
Botanist (genetics, especially concerning moss). Assistant at the Kaiser - Wilhelm - Institute for Biology in Berlin - Dahlem (under CORRENS). 1925 - 1931; ordinary prof. for botany at the university of Göttingen, 1931 - 34 at the university of Munich. Successor to CORRENS as director of the Kaiser - Wilhelm - Institute in Berlin in 1934.

Biography: Naturwissenschaften 33: 97 - 100. 1946.
Chron. Bot. 12: 178 - 179. 1951.
Jahrb. Deutsch. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1950/51: 168 - 179. 1951.
Jahrb. Akad. Wiss. Göttingen 1961: 47-55. 1963.
WAGENITZ 1988: 195.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 557-558.
GOET: Bryophytes, esp. Splachnaceae, 21 Nr. Austria, Mark Brandenburg.


WEYL, Theodor 1851 - 1913
born and died in Berlin
Studied medicine and chemistry in Heidelberg, Berlin and Strasbourg. Private lecturer in Erlangen. Had his own laboratory in Berlin and later at the Hygenic Institute at the University of Berlin. Physiological chemist and hygienist. Interested in flora as a young man.

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Chem. Ges. 47: 2395 - 2404. 1914.
GOET: Especially Mark Brandenburg, east Prussia, Baden, ca. 1867 - 73 (Hb. Pae., Roth).


WIBEL, August Wilhelm Eberhard Christoph 1775 - 1813
born: Emsbach near Öhringen died: Wertheim
Doctor in Wertheim am Main. Botanist: "Primitiae florae Werthemensis" (1799).

Biography: GRUMMANN 1974.
GOET: near Wertheim (Hb. Mey. "WIEBEL).


WICKE, Ernst Ausgust Hermann 1840 ? - 1903
born: Bleckede (?)
Studied in Göttingen. Assistant at the laboratory for physiological chemistry. Pharmacist in Schkoelen, later in Waldbröl.

Biography: WAGENITZ 1988: 196.
Herbarium: GOET, also bryophytes, Thüringen (areas around Schkoelen), 1884 - 1900
Bergisches Land (area surrounding Waldbröl), 1901 - ?
The herbarium (only partly inserted) contains, as well as his own collections,
several from SCHLIEPHACKE and WARNSTORF (edit.), german liverworts.


WIDGREN, Johan Fredrik 1810 - 1883
born: Åtoid, Östergotland died: Normlösa
Travelled from 1841 - 47 in Brazil. Later teacher and priest in Sweden.

Biography: Fl. Bras. 1(1): 142 - 143. 1906.
Herbarium: S, UPS
GOET: Brazil, Minas Geraës prov., 1845 - 46 (ex Hb. S).


WIED - NEUWIED, Maximilian Alexander Philipp, Prinz von 1782 - 1867
born and died in Neuwied
Explorer, ethnologist and zoologist. Studied in Göttingen (influenced by BLUMENBACH). Officer in war service. In Brazil from 1815 - 17 (partly with SELLOW), 1832 - 34 in north America (these collections mostly lost during transport).

Biography: Ph. WIRTGEN 1867: Zum Andenken an Prinz Maximillian zu Wied. Neuwied
und Leipzig.
ADB 23: 559 - 565. 1886.
Fl. Bras. 1(1): 143 - 144. 1906.
Dict. Sci. Biogr. 14: 328 - 329. 1976.
R. LÖSCHNER, Die Reisen des Prinzen Maximilian zu Wied 1815-1817 in
Brasilien. Catalogue of an exhibition. Berlin 1982.
GOET: Brazil (partly Hb. Solms ?), USA "Am. sept." 1833 (a few specimens).

Comments: Material from the Brazilian expedition was sent to SCHRADER and NEES v.
ESENBECK and the new species were described by both almost
simultaneously:
SCHRADER, Gött. Gel. Anz. 1821: 706 - 719. 1821 (5.V.).
NEES ab ESENBECK, C. G., Linnaea 4: 294 - 304. 1821 (21. V.).
See also the synopsis in Linnaea 4: 326 - 330. 1821. (Some types are
included, also a few of the species later described by NEES ab ESENBECK &
MARTIUS).


WIEDEMANN, Edward - 1844
Dr. med., plant collector. Collected in north and central Anatolia before 1837 and later in Texas for the St. Peterburg botanical gardens.

Biography: BOISSIER 1867, Fl. Or. 1: XIX.
ASCH. & GR. 6(2): 691. 1909.
Field & Labor 4: 54.
Herbarium: LE
GOET: Turkey (Anatolia, ex Hb. LE).


WIERZBICKI, Peter (Piotr) Pawel 1794 - 1847
died: Oravica (Oravita)
Originally from Galizia. Doctor in Oravica, botanist and entomologist.

Biography: Linnaea 33: 563 - 564. 1865.
GOMBOCZ 1936: 418-425.
Herbarium: GJO
GOET: Banat, ca. 1845 (Hb. Gris.).


WIESBAUR, Johann Baptist 1836 - 1906
born: Wallnstorf near Gunskirchen, upper Austria died: Leschau
Priest and grammar school prof. in Mariaschein and Duppau (Bohemia). Worked on the flora of Bohemia, lower Austria and Hungary considering several critical genera.

Biography: Litt. Fl. Tirol. 1900.
ASCH. & GR. 6(1): 176. 1901.
MAIWALD 1904: 240.
GOET: Vienna, ca. 1875 - 83 (Hb. Roth, also in Fl. Exs. Austro - Hung. and
BAENITZ, Hb. Europ.).


WIGHT, Robert 1796 - 1872
born: Milton, Duncra Hill, East Lothian, Scotland
died: Grazeley Lodge near Reading
Doctor for East India Company from 1819. Head of the botanical gardens in Madras from 1826, naturalist. In England from 1831 - 34 and then in India until 1853 where he had several positions including as agriculture officer and head of an experimental farm. Botanist (flora of India). "Icones Plantarum Indiae orientalis".

Biography: Proceed. Linn. Soc. London 1872/73: XLIV - XLVII. 1873.
Bot. Mag. Dedic. 143-144. 1934.
WHITE & SLOANE 1937, Stapelieae ed. 2. 1: 97 - 98.
REINIKKA 1972: 149 - 152.
DESMOND 1977.
Taxon 30: 784 - 793. 1981.
Herbarium: K
GOET: India "Penins. Indiae Orient." distr. Kew 1866 - 68 (Hb. Gris.).


WIKSTRÖM, Johan Emanuel 1789 - 1856
born: Wänersborg died: Stockhom
Prof. Bergianus and director of the botanical museum in Stockholm from 1818 - 56. Botanist.

Biography: Acta Hort. Berg. 3(2): 76. 1903.
GRUMMANN 1974.
GOET: Sweden, Stockholm ("pr. Holmiam, misit WICKSTRÖM 1846").


WILFORD, Charles - 1893
died: Wimbledon, Surrey.
Assistant at the Kew herbarium, ca. 1854 - 57. Collected plants in Hong Kong, Korea, Formosa and Japan from 1857 - 59.

Biography: BRETSCHNEIDER 1898: 400, 539 - 544.
DESMOND 1977.
Herbarium: K
GOET: Korea, 1859 (Hb. Gris. ex K) & "Coast of Manchuria".


WILLERDING, Ulrich 1932 -
born: Querfurt
Botanist (specialising in palaeobotany) and teacher ("Oberstudienrat") in Göttingen. Habilitation at the university of Göttingen in 1971 and since 1976 supernumerary prof.

Biography: KÜRSCHNER ed. 13. 1980.
Information communicated by himself
GOET: Tyrol, Ötztaler Alps, 1958.


WILLKOMM, Heinrich Moriz 1821 - 1895
born: Herwigsdorf near Zittau (Saxony)
died: Schloß Wartenberg near Nieme (Bohemia)
Botanist, special research interests included the flora and vegetation of the Iberian peninsula. Forest botanist. Studied medicine in Leipzig, expelled as a member of a students fraternity (“Burschenschaft”). 1844 / 45 and (following his Ph.D) in 1850 on expeditions to Spain and Portugal. 1852; private lecturer, 1855; extraordinary prof. at the university of Leipzig, 1855; prof. at the academy for forestry and agriculture in Tharandt. Prof. of botany at the university of Dorpat (1868) and Prague (from 1873 onwards).

Biography: Österr. Bot. Z. 32: 1 - 6. 1882.
Allg. Bot. Z. 1: 89 - 92. 1895.
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 14: (13) - (25). 1896.
ADB 43: 298 - 300. 1898.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 564-565.
Herbarium: COI (Spain, Portugal), GE
GOET: Spain 1844 / 45, 1850 (hb. Gris.).


WILMS, Friedrich (Jun.) 1848 - 1919
born: Münster in Westphalia died: Berlin - Steglitz
Pharmacist in Münster, 1882 - 96 in south Africa (including as pharmacist in Lydenburg, Transvaal). Later scientific assistant, in particular co-worker at the botanical museum in Berlin-Dahlem.

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 62: 37 - 38. 1920.
Englera 1. 1979.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 565.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: "Flora Africae australis" 1883 - 84, 1893 - 95.


WILSON, John Bracebridge 1828 - 1895
born: Topcroft, Norfolk died: Geelong, Victoria
Emigrated to Australia in 1850. Teacher. Marine zoologist and phycologist.

Biography: Proceed. Linn. Soc. London 1895/96: 48 - 49. 1896.
DESMOND 1977.
Herbarium: BM (?)
GOET: Algae, Australia.


WILSON, Nathaniel 1809 - 1874
born: Scotland died: Clarendon, Jamaica
Gardener (including at Kew). Worked as botanist and head of gardening in Jamaica from 1846 - 67.

Biography: Symb. Ant. 3: 140 - 141. 1902.
DESMOND 1977.
Herbarium: K
GOET: Jamaica, 1857 (Hb. Gris.).


WINKLER, Karl Gustav Adolf 1810 - 1893
born: Breslau died: Berlin
Lawyer at the military administration in several areas including in Koblenz, Breslau and Berlin. Worked on the flora and morphology of seedlings. Produced botanical cartoons under the pseudonym “A. CAREX”.

Biography: Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 35: XXXII - XXXVI. 1894.
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 12: (11) - (13). 1895.
Gleditschia 12: 171-179. 1984.
Herbarium: B
GOET: Areas surrounding Koblenz (1841 - 43), Berlin, Mark Brandenburg, etc. (ex
Hb. Inst. Waldbau).

Comments: The labels only carry the name "WINKLER". The identity of the collector as
Adolf WINKLER comes from the comparison of the collection sites with his
curriculum vitae.


WINKLER, Sieghard 1935-1992
born: Oberallgersdorf (Bohemia)
Studied in Tübingen. Botanist (ecologist, bryologist). Lecturer in Tübingen. Prof. at the
university of Ulm. Journeys in El Salvador, Venezuela, Colombia.
Biography: FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 567-568.
GOET: A few specimens, El Salvador 1962 / 63 (only Melastomataceae included ?).


WINTER, Ferdinand 1835 - 1888
born: Ilsenburg died: Ems
Pharmacist in Saarbrücken, later in Gerolstein (Eifel). Botanist (flora, bryology).

Biography: ASCH. & GR. 6 (1): 510. 1902.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 568-569.
Herbarium: Bryophytes in B (†)
GOET: Edit. "herbarium Normale" (see under F. W. SCHULTZ). Ca. 28 Nr.
bryophytes in RABENHORST, bryotheca (Saargebiet, Eifel).
See also F. WINTER 1868: Die Laubmoosflora des Saargebietes...
Jahresber. Pollichia 25 / 27: 1 - 52.


WINTER, Karl Hermann 1845 - 1933
Military doctor (finally as chief medical officer), in Rheinsberg, Brandenburg a. H., Soest and Gotha. Flora and bryology.

Biography: FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 569-570.
Herbarium: JE
GOET: Bryophytes, ca. 1869 - 1908: including Westphalia, east Prussia,
Riesengebirge, Alps, Norway, Maderia.


WINTERL, Jakob Joseph [József Jakab] 1739 - 1809
born: Steyr, Upper Austria died: Budapest ?
Doctor in Austria and Hungary. Prof. of chemistry and botany at the University of Nagyszombat (Tyrnau, Trnava), later in Buda and Pest. Editor of the first floristic work of central Hungary.

Biography: Linnaea 33: 452 - 460. 1865.
GOMBOCZ 1936: 218-247.
PRISZTER 1972, postscript to the facsimile edition to Winterl's index.
BUMKE 1988: 11.
GOET: Hungary - seeds sent by WINTERL were cultivated by EHRHART (Hb. Ehrh.)
following which EHRHART then described a few of the species. WINTERL
only enumerated these as “spec. nova” in his index.


WIRTGEN, Ferdinand Paul 1848 - 1924
born: Koblenz died: Bonn
Pharmacist in St. Johann a. d. Saar, later in Bonn. Botanist.

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 42: (131) - (139). 1924.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 570.
Herbarium: Bryophytes: JE .- Pteridophytes: PC. - Remains at the natural history
society of Prussian Rheinland and Westphalia, from where it was passed on to
B.
GOET: A few specimens from Rheinhessen, Taunus (Hb. Pae.). - Edit.: "Herbar. plant.
critic. select. hybr. Florae Rhenanae (Edit. nov.)". Bryophytes partly included
(several collectors).


WIRTGEN, Philipp Wilhelm 1806 - 1870
born: Neuwied died: Koblenz
Teacher in Remagen, Winningen and (from 1831) Koblenz. Editor of important flora works of the Rheinland. Published several exsiccatae.

Biography: Bot. Zeitung. 28: 662 - 664. 1870.
Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cultur 48: 294 - 297. 1871.
ADB 43: 525 - 527. 1898.
Verh. Naturh. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl. Westfalen 63: 361 - 368. 1907.
Neue Volkschule 1: 341 - 345. 1950.
Decheniana 110: 279 - 288. 1957.
Herbarium: MSTR
GOET: Rheinland, also in SCHULTZ, Herb. norm. - Mentha: "Herbarium der
rheinischen Menthen". 1. u. 2. Lief. 1853 (complete ?).
Rubus: "Herb. Rubor. rhen." (Fasc. IV - VI?).


WIRTZ, F.

GOET: Bryophytes: "Dekaden aus Deutschlands Moosflora" I - XII. (120 Nr.). 1872
- 73. Collected by F. WIRTZ (southern Germany, Westphalia), O.
BORGSTETTE (co-publisher from Dek. IV onwards), A. GEHEEB and a few
others.


WITTROCK, Veit Brecher 1839 – 1914
born: Skogsbol, Kirchspiel Holm died: Stockholm
Botanist (systematics, especially algae). 1865 – 78; teacher at a school in Uppsala, as well as lecturer at the university. 1878; Prof. of botany in Uppsala. ”Professor Bergianus” in Stockholm from 1879.

Biography: Acta Hort. Berg. 3(3): 59. 1905.
Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 33: (25) – (48). 1916.
Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 51: 363 – 377. 1957.
Herbarium: S
GOET: Edit. (with O. NORDSTEDT, G. LAGERHEIM) ”Algae aquae dulcis
exsiccatae praecique Scandinavicae” 36 Fasc., 1612 Nr., Lund 1877 – 1903.


WOLF, Ferdinand Otto 1838 – 1906
born: Ellwangen (Württ.) died: Sion
Teacher (music and natural history) in Feldkirch, Brig and Sion. Organist at the cathedral in Sion. Set up several botanical gardens, important influence in the founding of the ”Société Murithienne”.

Biography: Verh. Schweiz. Naturf. Ges. 89: CXL – CXLVII. 1906 / 07.
Bull. Murith. 34: 224 – 240. 1907.
Hist. – Biogr. Lex. Schweiz 7: 584. 1934.
Herbarium: Z
GOET: Switzerland, Wallis, 1876 – 78 (Hb. Pae., Roth).


WOLFF, Julius 1844 – 1921
born: Klausenburg (Cluj) died: Torda (Turda)
Ph.D in chemistry. Director of the ”Sparkasse” (bank) in Torda. Botanist.

Biography: ASCH. & GR. 6(1): 784. 1904.
Mag. Bot. Lap. 19: 49. 1922 (Obituary).
GOET: Romania, Siebenbürgen ”Fl. Transsilv.” (Hb. Vo.), also in ”Fl. Exs. Austro –
Hung.”.


WOŁOSZCZAK, Eustach 1835 – 1918
born: Jaworów (Galicia) died: Vienna
Studied law in Budapest before studying medicine and natural sciences in Vienna. Assistant in Vienna. 1884; Prof. of zoology, botany and pharmacology at the technical college in Lemberg [Lwiw]. Spent his retirement in Vienna. Botanist (especially in the East Carpathians), Salix specialist.

Biography: ASCH. & GR. 6(1): 182. 1901.
Verh. Zool. – Bot. Ges. Wien 68: (284) – (288). 1919.
Herbarium: W
GOET: in ”Fl. Exs. Austro – Hung.”.


WOOLLS, William 1814 – 1893
born: Winchester, Hampshire died: Burwood near Sydney
Clergyman, teacher and botanist. Emigrated to Australia in 1827 (1832 ?). Revised the flora of the area of Parramatta (west of Sydney). Dr. phil. in 1870 at the University of Göttingen (in absence, not Dr. h. c.).

Biography: Dict. Austral. Biogr. 6: 437 – 438. 1976.
DESMOND 1977.
Univ.-Archiv Göttingen (Ph.D files).
GOET: Australia, N. S. – Wales (acc. 1871).

Comments: Incorrectly referred to as ”D. WOOLS” in the herbarium.


WOYNAR, Johann 1829 – 1900
born: Punzau, Teschen province (Austrian Silesia) died: Innsbruck
Pharmacist, 1858 – 78 in Rattenberg in Unterinntal (Tyrol). Botanist.

Biography: Österr. Bot. Z. 51: 38 – 39. 1901.
Phyton (Austria) 20: 208 – 209. 1980.
Herbarium: GZU
GOET: North Tyrol (Hb. Vo.).


WRIGHT, Charles 1811 – 1885
born and died in Wethersfield, Conn.
Initially worked as surveyor and teacher in Texas, then as botanist on several expeditions. Worked on the flora of Cuba from 1856 – 67. Later worked in A. GRAY’s herbarium in Cambridge.

Biography: Amer. J. Sci. ser. III. 31: 12 – 17. 1886.
BRETSCHNEIDER 1898: 393 – 399.
Symb. Ant. 3: 141 – 144. 1902.
Herbarium: GH (MA: cf. Taxon 40: 597-599. 1991)
GOET: Nicaragua (Herb. of the US. North Pacific Exploring Expedition), 1853 – 56
(Hb. Gris.). Cuba, 1856/57, 1859 – 65 (Hb. Gris.).

Revisions: A. GRISEBACH 1860 – 62: Plantae wrightianae. Boston.
A. GRISEBACH 1866: Catalogus plantarum cubensium. Leipz.

Itinerary: L. M. UNDERWOOD 1905: A summary of Charles Wright’s explorations in
Cuba. – Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 291 – 300.
R. A. HOWARD 1988: Charles Wright in Cuba 1856-1867. Alexandria, Va.

Comments: On many sheets there are 2 numbers; the original one (written with blue pen)
and a final one (written with ink, only the latter was published). Evidently
frequently 2 or more collections were summarised under one number (see also
Madroño 24: 139. 1977).
Bryophytes: Cuba (Hb. Solms).

Revisions: W. S. SULLIVANT 1861 / 62: Musci Cubenses. – Proceed. Amer. Acad.
Arts Sci. 5: 273 – 290.


WÜNSCHE, Friedrich Otto 1839 – 1905
born: Milkel near Bautzen died: Zwickau
Teacher at the ”Bürgerschule” in Zittau and from 1867 at the grammar school in Zwickau. Natural historian in particular as botanist (flora and cryptogams).

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 23: (24) – (29). 1906.
GOET: A few specimens, Thüringen, Saxony.


WÜSTNEI, Carl (Karl) Georg Gustav 1810 – 1858
born: Malchin died: Schwerin
Teacher at the ”Realschule” in Schwerin. Botanist, especially as bryologist.

Biography: Bonplandia 7: 138. 1859.
GOET: Bryophytes from Mecklenburg, a few specimens, 15 Nr. in RABENHORST,
Bryotheca & Hep.


WULLSCHLAEGEL, Heinrich Rudolf 1805 – 1864
born: Sarepta (Russia) died: Berthelsdorf near Herrnhut.
Studied theology. Teacher, administrator at the brothers society (“Brüdergemeine”). Missionary in Antigua (1844 – 47), Jamaica (1847 – 49) and Paramaribo, Surinam (1849 – 55). Then in Berthelsdorf near Herrnhut. Bishop of the brothers society from 1857 onwards.

Biography: Symb. Ant. 3: 145. 1902.
PULLE 1906, Enum. Vasc. Pl. Surinam p. 7.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 573.
GOET: Jamaica, Antigua, Surinam, Labrador, also a few bryophytes (Hb. Gris.).


WYNEKEN, Karl Otto Heinrich Theodor 1884 – 1970
born: Edesheim died: Göttingen
Studied in Tübingen, Berlin and Göttingen. Worked as teacher (”Studienrat”) from 1915 – 33 and 1940 – 49. Apart from the short time he was in Leer / East Friesland, he spent the majority of his life in Göttingen. Botanist. Temporarily oversaw the alpine gardens on the Brocken.

Biography: In the Ph. D thesis ”Zur Kenntnis der Wundheilung an Blättern”. Göttingen
1908.
Publications from the school.
Herbarium: GOET, a few collections from around Göttingen, North Hesse, East Friesland
(acc. 1970).






Universität Göttingen