Göttingen University as an internationally renowned research university has repeatedly been able to win the "best minds" for itself in the course of its 275-year history. It is they who have laid the foundation for the international reputation of our university, and they mould the university's profile up to the present day; thus, the name of our university is connected with the résumés of more than forty Nobel prize winners. Fourteen of them have been awarded the Nobel prize for the very research conducted during their time in Göttingen. We will introduce these fourteen here. Additionally you will find a small selection from the long list of historical personalities who were attached to Göttingen University at some point in time as students or researchers; we will also introduce some Göttingen alumni who are well-known for their careers in politics or society.