Professur für Entwicklungsökonomie / Centre for Modern Indian Studies (CeMIS)
Inadequate care for high blood pressure patients along the treatment system
A research team composed of academics from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, the University of Göttingen and the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg and various partner institutions from study countries analyzed the healthcare of hypertension in 44 low- and middle-income countries. They used a model known as the “cascade methodology”. The researchers found that less than half of those affected are diagnosed with high blood pressure. Only 30 percent of these patients are treated and only one tenth have the disease under control. "High blood pressure can be treated relatively well and cheaply," says Sebastian Vollmer, Professor of Development Economics at the University of Göttingen. "Undiagnosed or untreated hypertension, on the other hand, is a considerable risk for the people affected and can lead to significant complications, including death.” Read paper
EASAC report “The imperative of climate action to protect human health in Europe”
Prof. Dr. Vollmer was part of a European Academies’ Science Advisory Council (EASAC) working group on climate change and health. He was nominated by the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. The new EASAC report “The imperative of climate action to protect human health in Europe” highlights an alarming range of health risks due to climate change, and the benefits of rapid phase out of fossil fuels. The scientists elaborated different pathways that will lead to increased health risks if no urgent action is taken to reduce greenhouse emission.
The pathways are:
- Increased exposure to high temperatures and extreme events such as floods and droughts, air pollution and allergens;
- Weakening of food and nutrition security;
- Increased incidence and changing distribution of some infectious diseases (including mosquito-borne, food-borne and water-borne diseases);
- Growing risk of forced migration.
The solutions proposed by the scientists of the EASAC were decarbonization of the economy, healthier diets, climate-smart food systems, strengthening communicable disease surveillance and response systems. Furthermore, the impacts of climate change should not only be viewed on the European level, but rather on the global level.