Chair of Development Economics / Centre for Modern Indian Studies (CeMIS)
Workshop on Access to Care for Cardiometabolic Diseases
Today, approximately 2 out of every 3 deaths globally are attributable to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), equivalent to 71% of all deaths. Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9 million), and diabetes (1.6 million). Changing patterns of population age distributions and causes of death are at the forefront of discussions on global development and require the reordering of healthcare priorities. Read more.
Can double-fortified salt in school mid-day meals help reduce anemia?
We present experimental evidence on the impact of delivering double-fortified salt (DFS), salt fortified with iron and iodine, through the Indian school-feeding program called “mid-day meal” on anemia, cognition, and math and reading outcomes of primary school children. We conducted a field experiment that randomly provided a one-year supply of DFS at a subsidized price to public primary schools in one of the poorest regions of India. The DFS treatment had significantly positive impacts on hemoglobin levels and reduced the prevalence of any form of anemia by 20 percent but these health gains did not translate into statistically significant impacts on cognition and test scores. While exploring the heterogeneity in effects, we find that treatment had statistically significant gains in anemia and test scores among children with higher treatment compliance. We further estimate that the intervention was very cost effective and can potentially be scaled up rather easily. [Courant Centre Working Paper] [Ideas for India Column]
New Publication on Cardiovascular Disease Risk in India
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in India; yet little information is known about the variation of risk among India’s states and sociodemographic groups. Our study aimed to close this knowledge gap by evaluating data from 2 large household surveys conducted between 2012 and 2014. A team of international researchers, including Professor Sebastian Vollmer and Michaela Theilmann, pooled data from almost 800,000 participants (aged 30-74) across 27 states and 5 union territories in India. The data was analyzed using the predicted 10-year risk of a CVD event and disaggregated by examining the geographic and sociodemographic variation of the risk factors: BMI, high blood glucose, systolic BP, and smoking. Cardiovascular disease risk varied from 13.2% (95% CI: 12.7%–13.6%) in Jharkhand to 19.5% (95% CI: 19.1%–19.9%) in Kerala. Read more.