In developing countries, high population growth and rural-urban migration put considerable pressure on existing urban health infrastructure and human resources. This is the case of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, where, for the first time in 32 years, a new general hospital is being built and equipped with funding from the Nicaraguan government, the Inter-America Development Bank, and the government of the Netherlands.
A team of researchers from Georg-August University of Göttingen and the Erasmus University of Rotterdam will conduct an independent study on the impact evaluation of the new hospital on the local population. The team from Göttingen will focus on the quantitative impacts on the health and socio-economic status of the residents of Managua, in particular those living in the areas surrounding the new hospital.
Despite a global commitment and remarkable achievements to improve maternal and neonatal mortality, 800 women and 7700 newborns die each day from complications during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postnatal period. In response to this continuous challenge, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) to support the delivery of essential maternal and perinatal care practices and address the major causes of maternal and neonatal deaths. The checklist is a simple tool to help health-care workers provide high quality care during birth- from the time the woman is admitted, through childbirth, until the woman and baby are safely discharged. The SCC is currently being implemented in several countries, such as India, Pakistan and Indonesia.
Most existing research on the association of parental education with childhood undernutrition focuses on maternal education and often ignores paternal education. We systematically investigate differences in maternal and paternal education and their association with childhood undernutrition. Using 180 Demographic and Health Surveys from 62 countries covering the years 1990 to 2014, we show that both higher maternal and paternal education levels are associated with lower childhood undernutrition, with maternal education being the stronger determinant in specifications failing to adjust for household wealth and local area characteristics. However, when these controls are introduced, the observed differences are strongly attenuated or disappear entirely. Our results suggest that paternal education is similarly important for reducing childhood undernutrition as maternal education and should therefore receive increased attention in the literature.