(pug) With more than 420 million affected individuals, as highlighted by the WHO Global report on diabetes issued for the 2016 World Diabetes Day, diabetes is among the leading metabolic diseases and a growing burden for health systems across the globe. In cooperation with an international team of scientists, economists Christian Bommer, Esther Heesemann, Vera Sagalova und Prof. Sebastian Vollmer from the University of Göttingen have now calculated that in 2015 the world-wide economic burden of diabetes reached $ 1.3 trillion or 1.8 percent of global GDP. The study was published in the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
In developing countries, high population growth and rural-urban migration put considerable pressure on existing urban health infrastructure and human resources. This is the case of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, where, for the first time in 32 years, a new general hospital is being built and equipped with funding from the Nicaraguan government, the Inter-America Development Bank, and the government of the Netherlands.
A team of researchers from Georg-August University of Göttingen and the Erasmus University of Rotterdam will conduct an independent study on the impact evaluation of the new hospital on the local population. The team from Göttingen will focus on the quantitative impacts on the health and socio-economic status of the residents of Managua, in particular those living in the areas surrounding the new hospital.
Despite a global commitment and remarkable achievements to improve maternal and neonatal mortality, 800 women and 7700 newborns die each day from complications during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postnatal period. In response to this continuous challenge, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) to support the delivery of essential maternal and perinatal care practices and address the major causes of maternal and neonatal deaths. The checklist is a simple tool to help health-care workers provide high quality care during birth- from the time the woman is admitted, through childbirth, until the woman and baby are safely discharged. The SCC is currently being implemented in several countries, such as India, Pakistan and Indonesia.