I. Physikalisches Institut

Physicalisches Cabinet

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Flag of the day of open collection
The University of Göttingen presents the Day of open Collection: From 10 pm to 4 am our Physical Cabinet will open - guided tours are offered on request more ...

We are open regular
Prior to the Physics Colllopqium, Mondays16:00-16:30.

Sammlung Elektrophor
Lichtenberg figure for positive charge

At the entrance to the new lecture halls, one finds the collection of historic instruments. It mirrors, from the beginnings of systematic research in the 18th century to it’s most famous period as world leading center for physics and mathematics in the first half of the 20th century, the history of physics in Göttingen. One can imagine Lichtenberg sitting his desk making notes, an electrophorus nearby, with its shiny resin cake surface, surrounded by dull leather, misty glass and fragile brass crafted fragile artistically crafted instruments. It is the hands on experience that makes a tour through 250 years to an impressive experience of physics history.

Sammlung QM
Historic electron tube with photo of Reich, Born, Franck and Pohl in the background

Physicalisches Cabinet

The history of the musem began when the exhibits were moved from the Michaelishaus to the new physics building in the Bunsenstrasse luckily survived mostly undisturbed in a naturally acclimatized cellar almost 250 years. In the last century when the university had his 250th jubilee and the “Sammlung Physicalischer Apparate” of the I. Physics Institute was described and newly catalogued. The collection of historic instruments of the early day of physics in Göttingen was built up and found a new home in the museum „Physicalisches Cabinet and Lichtenberg collection“ at the entrance of the lectrue halls in the new physics building. The museum hosts in addition exhibits of the collection of historical instruments of the astrophysics observatory “Historische Instumente der Sternwarte”, geophysics “Geophysicalische Historische Sammlung” and on the birth of quantum mechanics. The unique contemporary witnesses of more than 250 years the physics tradition of the University of Göttingen connected with Lichtenberg, Weber, Gauss and the important developments in the field of quantum mechanics in the beginning 20th century. Guided tours with the current curator, I. Physics Institute, can be arranged to see the collection.

Physik1_Museum
The Gauss-Weber telegraph

Further Reading

  • Introduction in German by G. Beuermann "Die Sammlung historischer physikalischer Apparate"

  • Introduction in English (from corporate image brochure) "Museum Physicalisches Cabinet“

  • Publication by H. Gönner "A brief History of Physics in Göttingen“


  • Sammlung 1
    A view into the actual exibition with new glass cabinets.

    Exhibitions with contributions of our collection

    Erleuchtung der Welt, Jubiläumsausstellung Universität Leipzig, 9. Jul. 2009 bis 6. Nov. 2009, Leipzig.

    Ex oriente lux? Landesmusem Oldenburg, 25.Okt. 2009 - 24. Jan. 2010, Oldenburg.

    Ein Academiste muß erfinden – Ursprung und Anfänge der gelehrten Gesellschaften. Ausstellung zur Eröffnung des Lichtenberg-Kollegs, 08.-29. 11. 2009 Paulinerkirche, Göttingen.

    External links (mostly German):

    Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

  • Einführung in sein Wirken Wikipedia

  • Literatur im Original - Bücher und online Dokumente über die Lichtenberg Gesellschaft


  • Sammlung Elektrisiermaschine
    Frictional electrical machine crafted after Le Roy, developed at around 1770.

    Carl Friedrich Gauß

  • Einführung in sein Wirken Wikipedia

  • Gauß in Göttingen SUB Göttingen-Webdoc

  • Gauß Jahr 2007 zum 230 Geburtstag

  • Literatur im Original - Bücher und online Dokumente über die Gauß Gesellschaft Göttingen


  • Göttingen im 20. Jahrhundert

  • Göttinger Nobelpreiswunder SUB Göttingen-Webdoc


  • Sammlung 2
    The Gauß-Weber telegraph Wikipedia