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Prof. Dr. Teja Tscharntke










Curriculum Vitae



  • Date of Birth: July 13th, 1952




Education and specialisation


  • 1973-1981
    Studies in sociology and biology at the universities in Marburg and Gießen

  • 1978
    Diploma (MSc) in Sociology, University of Marburg

  • 1981
    Diploma (MSc) in Biology, University of Marburg

  • 1986
    PhD in Biology, University of Hamburg

  • 1992
    Habilitation (venia legendi) in Zoology, University of Karlsruhe






Academic appointments


  • 1985-1992
    Postdoc and Assistant Professor, Dept. of Zoology, University of Karlsruhe


  • 1992
    Offer of three tenure professor positions: C4 ecology (Hamburg), C3 zoology (Gießen), C4 agroecology (Göttingen)


  • since 1993
    Head of the Agroecology Research Group at the University of Göttingen, Faculty member in Agriculture and Biology






Professional/academic positions


  • since 1996
    Member of the Editorial Boards of Oecologia (1996-2002), Journal of Applied Ecology (2000-2006), Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (since 2002), Agriculture (since 2014) and Biology (since 2014)


  • since 2000
    Editor-in-Chief of Basic and Applied Ecology (the official journal of the Ecological Society of Germany, Austria and Switzerland, GfOe)


  • since 2000
    Speaker and coordinator of the study branch “Resource Management” of the Faculty of Agriculture (Göttingen)


  • 2000-2011
    Member of the Management Board (“Strukturkommission”) of the Faculty of Agriculture (Göttingen)


  • 2002-2010
    Member of the federal scientific board for biodiversity and genetic resources (Federal Ministry of Agriculture, BMELV)


  • 2005-2009
    Speaker of the Collaborative Research Centre STORMA (“Stability of Rainforest Margins in Indonesia”) of the German Science Foundation (DFG SFB 552; www.storma.uni-goettingen.de)


  • 2007-2009
    Member of the Managing Board of the Göttingen Centre for Biodiversity and Ecology


  • since 2008
    Member of the Science Committee of the agroBIODIVERSITY network of DIVERSITAS


  • since 2010
    Member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the SAFE (Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystem) project in Malaysia


  • since 2012
    Advisory Board of the Dorothea-Schlözer Mentoring Program (female scientific career counseling at Göttingen University)






Awards

  • 2008
    Most cited ecologist of Germany, Austria & Switzerland (according to the ranking in Laborjournal 10/2008: 55-57)


  • 2009
    One-year sabbatical (Excellency program of Göttingen University)


  • 2012
    Among the 20 globally most cited scientists in “Environment/Ecology” (according to “Essential Science Indicators” of “ISI Web of Knowledge”, Thompson)






  • Key research expertise


    • Biodiversity patterns and associated ecosystem functioning at different spatial and temporal scales (local vs. landscape effects; inter-annual changes; GIS and geostatistics); habitat fragmentation; beta diversity; spatial ecology


    • Biodiversity and associated ecosystem services in managed and natural systems, succession of plant and animal communities


    • Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships (herbivory, predation, parasitism, pollination)


    • Tropical ecology; comparison of tropical and temperate communities and associated multitrophic interactions


    • Pollination in wild plants and crops; plant population dynamics


    • Quantified food webs and multitrophic interactions (direct and indirect effects; below- and aboveground interactions; interactions between plants, herbivores, pathogens, predators, parasitoids, pollinators and between invertebrates and vertebrates)


    • Ecosystem services; multidisciplinary studies linking socioeconomic with ecological approaches






    Selected publications

    see all publications


    • Allan E, Bossdorf O, Dormann CF, Prati D, Gossner MM, Tscharntke T et al. (2014): Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. PNAS Early edition.


    • Klatt BK, Holzschuh A, Westphal C, Clough Y, Smit I, Pawelzik E, Tscharntke T (2014): Bee pollination improves crop quality, shelf life and commercial value. Proc. R. Soc. B 281: 20132440. OPEN ACCESS
      Highlighted in Science and Highlighted by Nature


    • Wielgoss A, Tscharntke T, Rumede A, Fiala B, Seidel H, Shahabuddin S, Clough Y (2014): Interaction complexity matters: disentangling services and disservices of ant communities driving yield in tropical agroecosystems. Proc. R. Soc. B 281: 20132144.


    • Kovács-Hostyánszki A, Haenke S, Batáry P, Jauker B, Báldi A, Tscharntke T, Holzschuh A (2013): Contrasting effects of mass-flowering crops on bee pollination of hedge plants at different spatial and temporal scales. Ecological Applications 23(8): 1938-1946.


    • Maas B, Clough Y, Tscharntke T (2013): Bats and birds increase crop yield in tropical agroforestry landscapes. Ecology Letters 16:1480-1487.


    • Fründ J, Dormann CF, Holzschuh A, Tscharntke T (2013): Bee diversity effects on pollination depend on functional complementarity and niche shifts. Ecology: DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-1620.1.
      Recommended by the F1000 Faculty


    • Fründ J, Zieger SL, Tscharntke T (2013): Response diversity of wild bees to overwintering temperatures. Oecologia: DOI 10.1007/s00442-013-2729-1.


    • Garibaldi LA, Steffan-Dewenter I, Winfree R, Aizen MA, Bommarco R, Cunningham SA, Kremen C, Carvalheiro LG, Harder LD, Afik O, Bartomeus I, Benjamin F, Boreux V, Cariveau D, Chacoff NP, Dudenhöffer JH, Freitas BM, Ghazoul J, Greenleaf S, Hipólito J, Holzschuh A, Howlett B, Isaacs R, Javorek SK, Kennedy CM, Krewenka K, Krishnan S, Mandelik Y, Mayfield MM, Motzke I, Munyuli T, Nault BA, Otieno M, Petersen J, Pisanty G, Potts SG, Rader R, Ricketts TH, Rundlöf M, Seymour CL, Schüepp C, Szentgyörgyi H, Taki H, Tscharntke T, Vergara CH, Viana BF, Wanger TC, Westphal C, Williams N, Klein AM (2013): Wild Pollinators Enhance Fruit Set of Crops Regardless of Honey Bee Abundance. Science: 339 (6127): 1608-1611.
    • .

    • Rösch V, Tscharntke T, Scherber C, Batáry P (2013): Landscape composition, connectivity and fragment size drive effects of grassland fragmentation on insect communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 50: 387–394.


    • Kessler M, Hertel D, Jungkunst HF, Kluge J, Abrahamczyk S, Bos M, Buchori D, Gerold G, Gradstein SR, Köhler S, Leuschner C, Moser G, Pitopang R, Saleh S, Schulze CH, Sporn SG, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tjitrosoedirdjo SS, Tscharntke T (2012): Can Joint Carbon and Biodiversity Management in Tropical Agroforestry Landscapes Be Optimized? PLOS ONE 7.


    • Holzschuh A, Dudenhöffer J-H, Tscharntke T (2012): Landscapes with wild bee habitats enhance pollination, fruit set and yield of sweet cherry. Biological Conservation 153: 101–107.


    • Gagic V, Hänke S, Thies C, Scherber C, Tomanovic Z, Tscharntke T (2012): Agricultural intensification and cereal aphid–parasitoid–hyperparasitoid food webs: network complexity, temporal variability and parasitism rates. Oecologia 170: 1099-1109.


    • Tscharntke T, Tylianakis JM, Rand TA, Didham RK, Fahrig L, Batáry P, Bengtsson J, Clough Y, Crist TO, Dormann CF, Ewers RW, Fründ J, Holt RD, Holzschuh A, Klein AM, Kleijn D, Kremen C, Landis DA, Laurance W, Lindenmayer D, Scherber C, Sodhi N, Steffan-Dewenter I, Thies C, van der Putten WH, Westphal C (2012): Landscape moderation of biodiversity patterns and processes - eight hypotheses. Biological Reviews 87: 661–685.


    • Tscharntke T, Clough Y, Wanger, TC, Jackson L, Motzke I, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J, Whitbread A. (2012) Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification. Biological Conservation 151: 53–59.


    • Wielgoss A, Clough Y, Fiala B, Rumede A, Tscharntke T (2012): A minor pest reduces yield losses by a major pest: plant-mediated herbivore interactions in Indonesian cacao. Journal of Applied Ecology 49: 465-473.


    • Rand TA, van Veen FJF, Tscharntke T (2012): Landscape complexity differentially benefits generalized fourth, over specialized third, trophic level natural enemies. Ecography 35: 97–104.


    • Flohre A, Fischer C, Aavik T, Bengtsson J, Berendse F, Bommarco R, Ceryngier P, Clement LW, Dennis C, Eggers S, Emmerson M, Geiger F, Guerrero I, Hawro V, Inchausti P, Liira J, Morales MB, Onate JJ, Pärt T, Weisser WW, Winqvist C, Thies C, Tscharntke T (2011): Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birds. Ecological Applications 21: 1772–1781. highlighted by the Faculty of 1000.


    • Gagic V, Tscharntke T, Dormann CF, Gruber B, Wilstermann A, Thies C (2011): Food web structure and biocontrol in a four-trophic level system across a landscape complexity gradient. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 2946-2953.


    • Thies C, Haenke S, Scherber C, Bengtsson J, Bommarco R, Clement LW, Ceryngier P, Dennis C, Emmerson M, Gagic V, Hawro V, Liira J, Weisser WW, Winqvist C, Tscharntke T (2011): The relationship between agricultural intensification and biological control: experimental tests across Europe. Ecological Applications 21: 2187-2196.


    • Fründ J, Dormann CF, Tscharntke T (2011): Linné's floral clock is slow without pollinators – flower closure and plant-pollinator interaction webs. Ecology Letters 14: 896-904.; highlighted in Nature 476, 9 (04 August 2011).


    • Rand TA , van Veen FJF, Tscharntke T (2011): Landscape complexity differentially benefi ts generalized fourth, over specialized third, trophic level natural enemies. Ecography DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.07016.x.


    • Kleijn D, Rundlöf M, Scheper J, Smith HG, Tscharntke T (2011): Does conservation on farmland contribute to halting the biodiversity decline? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 474-481.


    • Gladbach DJ, Holzschuh A, Scherber C, Thies C, Dormann CF, Tscharntke T (2011): Crop–noncrop spillover: arable fields affect trophic interactions on wild plants in surrounding habitats. Oecologia 166: 433–441.


    • Batáry P, Báldi A, Kleijn D, Tscharntke T (2011): Landscape-moderated biodiversity effects of agri-environmental management: a meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 1894-1902.


    • Ebeling A, Klein A-M, Tscharntke T (2011): Plant–flower visitor interaction webs: Temporal stability and pollinator specialization increases along an experimental plant diversity gradient. Basic and Applied Ecology 12: 300-309.


    • Clough Y, Barkmann J, Juhrbandt J, Kessler M, Wanger TC, Anshary A, Buchori D, Cicuzza D, Darras D, Dwi Putra D, Erasmi S, Pitopang R, Schmidt C, Schulze CH, Seidel D, Steffan-Dewenter I, Stenchly K, Vidal S, Weist M, Wielgoss AC, Tscharntke T (2011): Combining high biodiversity with high yields in tropical agroforests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 108: 8311-8316.


    • Tscharntke T, Batáry P, Dormann CF (2011): Set-aside management: How do succession, sowing patterns and landscape context affect biodiversity? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 143: 37– 44.


    • Holzschuh A, Dormann CF, Tscharntke T, Steffan-Dewenter I (2011): Expansion of mass-flowering crops leads to transient pollinator dilution and reduced wild plant pollination. Proceedings of the Royal Society B doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.0268. (published online)


    • Tscharntke T, Clough Y, Bhagwat SA, Buchori D, Faust H, Hertel D, Hölscher D, Juhrbandt J, Kessler M, Perfecto I, Scherber C, Schroth G, Veldkamp E, Wanger TC (2011): Multifunctional shade-tree management in tropical agroforestry landscapes – a review. Journal of Applied Ecology 48: 619-629.


    • Wanger TC, Wielgoss AC, Motzke I, Clough Y, Brook BW, Sodhi NS, Tscharntke T (2011): Endemic predators, invasive prey and native diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 690-694.


    • Scherber C, Eisenhauer N, Weisser WW, Schmid B, Voigt W, Schulze ED, Roscher C, Weigelt A, Allan E, Beßler H, Bonkowski M, Buchmann N, Buscot F, Clement LW, Ebeling A, Engels C, Fischer MS, Halle S, Kertscher I, Klein AM, Koller R, König S, Kowalski E, Kummer V, Kuu A, Lange M, Lauterbach D, Middelhoff C, Migunova VD, Milcu A, Müller R, Partsch S, Petermann JS, Renker C, Rottstock T, Sabais A, Scheu S, Schumacher J, Temperton VM & Tscharntke T (2010): Bottom-up effects of plant diversity on multitrophic interactions in a biodiversity experiment. NATURE 468: 553-556.


    • Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Veldkamp E, Faust H, Guhardja E, Bidin A (2010): Tropical rainforests and agroforests under global change: Ecological and socio-economic valuations – an introduction. In: Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Veldkamp E, Faust H, Guhardja E, Bidin A (eds) (2010): Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change. Ecological and Socio-economic Valuations. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp 1-11.


    • Holzschuh A, Steffan-Dewenter I,Tscharntke T (2009): Grass strip corridors in agricultural landscapes enhance nest-site colonization by solitary wasps. Ecological Applications 19: 123–132.


    • Tylianakis JM, Rand TA, Kahmen A, Klein AM, Buchmann N, Perner J, Tscharntke T (2008) Resource heterogeneity moderates the biodiversity-function relationship in real world ecosystems. PLoS Biology 6: e122, 947-956.


    • Schmidt MH, Thies C, Nentwig W, Tscharntke T (2008): Contrasting responses of arable spiders to the landscape matrix at different spatial scales. Journal of Biogeography 35: 157-166.


    • Tscharntke T, Sekercioglu CH, Dietsch TV, Sodhi NS, Hoehn P, Tylianakis JM (2008) Landscape constraints on functional diversity of birds and insects in tropical agroecosystems. Ecology 89: 944-951.


    • Hoehn P, Tscharntke T, Tylianakis JM, Steffan-Dewenter I (2008): Functional group diversity of bee pollinators increases crop yield. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 275: 2283-2291.


    • Thies C, Steffan-Dewente, I, Tscharntke T (2008): Interannual landscape changes affect trophic interactions in agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 125: 166-168.


    • Holzschuh A, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2008): Agricultural landscapes with organic crops support higher pollinator diversity. Oikos 117: 354-361.


    • Steffan-Dewenter I, Kessler M, Barkmann J, Bos MM, Buchori D, Erasmi S, Faust H, Gerold G, Glenk K, Gradstein SR, Guhardja E, Harteveld M, Hertel D, Höhn P, Kappas M, Köhler S, Leuschner C, Maertens M, Marggraf R, Migge-Kleian S, Mogea J, Pitopang R, Schaefer M, Schwarze S, Sporn SG, Steingrebe A, Tjitrosoedirdjo S, Tjitrosoemito S, Twele A, Weber R, Woltmann L, Zeller M, Tscharntke T (2007): Tradeoffs between income, biodiversity, and ecosystem functioning during tropical rainforest conversion and agroforestry intensification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 104: 4973-4978.


    • Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Zeller M, Guhardja E, Bidin A (2007): The stability of tropical rainforest margins, linking ecological, economic and social constraints of land use and conservation - an introduction. In: Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Zeller M, Guhardja E, Bidin A (eds) (2007): The stability of tropical rainforest margins, linking ecological, economic and social constraints of land use and conservation. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp 1-8.


    • Tscharntke T, Hochberg ME, Rand TA, Resh VH, Krauss J (2007): Author Sequence and Credit for Contributions in Multiauthored Publications. PLoS Biology 5: 13-14.


    • Tscharntke T, Bommarco R, Clough Y, Crist TO, Kleijn D, Rand TA, Tylianakis JM, van Nouhuys S, Vidal S (2007): Conservation biological control and enemy diversity on a landscape scale. Biological Control 43: 294-309. reprint in: Biological Control (2008) 45: 238-253.


    • Klein A-M, Vaissière BE, Cane JH, Steffan-Dewenter I, Cunningham SA, Kremen C, Tscharntke T (2007): Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274: 303-313.


    • Tylianakis JM, Tscharntke T, Lewis OT (2007) Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs. Nature 445 202-205.


    • Priess JA, Mimler M, Klein AM, Schwarze S, Tscharntke T, Steffan-Dewenter I (2007) Linking deforestation scenarios to pollination services and economic returns in coffee agroforestry systems. Ecological Applications 17: 407-417.


    • Clough Y, Holzschuh A, Gabriel D, Purtauf T, Kruess A, Steffan-Dewenter I, Kleijn D, Tscharntke T (2007): Alpha and beta diversity of arthropods and plants in organically and conventionally managed wheat fields. Journal of Applied Ecology 44: 804-812.


    • Rand TA, Tylianakis JM, Tscharntke T (2006) Spillover edge effects: the dispersal of agriculturally subsidized insect natural enemies into adjacent natural habitats. Ecology Letters 9: 603-614.


    • Bianchi FJJA, Booij CJH, Tscharntke T (2006) Sustainable pest regulation in agricultural landscapes: a review on landscape composition, biodiversity and natural pest control. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 273: 1715-1727.


    • Tylianakis JM, Tscharntke T, Klein AM (2006) Diversity, ecosystem function, and stability of parasitoid host interactions across a tropical habitat gradient. Ecology 87: 3047-3057.


    • Tscharntke T, Klein AM, Kruess A, Steffan-Dewenter I, Thies C (2005) Landscape perspectives on agricultural intensification and biodiversity-ecosystem service management. Ecology Letters 8: 857-874.


    • Thies C, Roschewitz I, Tscharntke T (2005) The landscape context of cereal aphid-parasitoid interactions. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 272: 203-210.


    • Poveda K, Steffan-Dewenter I, Scheu S, Tscharntke T (2005) Effects of decomposers and herbivores on plant performance and aboveground plant-insect interactions. Oikos 108: 503-510.


    • Roschewitz I, Gabriel D, Tscharntke T, Thies C (2005): The effects of landscape complexity on arable weed species diversity in organic and conventional farming. Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 873-882.


    • Tylianakis JM, Klein AM, Tscharntke T (2005) Spatiotemporal variation in the diversity of hymenoptera across a tropical habitat gradient. Ecology 86: 3296-3302.


    • Schulze CH, Waltert M, Kessler PJA, Pitopang R, Shahabuddin, Veddeler D, Nuehlenberg M, Gradstein SR, Leuschner C, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2004) Biodiversity indicator groups of tropical land-use systems: Comparing plants, birds, and insects. Ecological Applications 14:1321-1333.


    • Krauss J, Schmitt T, Seitz A, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2004) Effects of habitat fragmentation on the genetic structure of the monophagous butterfly Polyommatus coridon along its northern range margin. Molecular Ecology 13: 311-320.


    • Tscharntke T, Brandl R (2004) Plant-insect interactions in fragmented landscapes. Annual Review of Entomology 49: 405-430.


    • Krauss J, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2003): Local species immigration, extinction, and turnover of butterflies in relation to habitat area and habitat isolation. Oecologia 137: 591-602.


    • Schmidt MH, Lauer A, Purtauf T, Thies C, Schaefer M, Tscharntke T (2003): Relative importance of predators and parasitoids for cereal aphid control. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 270: 1905-1909.


    • Klein AM, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2003) Fruit set of highland coffee increases with the diversity of pollinating bees. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 270: 955-961.


    • Westphal C, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2003) Mass flowering crops enhance pollinator densities at a landscape scale. Ecology Letters 6: 961-965.


    • Gathmann A, Tscharntke T (2002): Foraging ranges of solitary bees. Journal of Animal Ecology 71: 757-764.


    • Kluth S, Kruess A, Tscharntke T (2002): Insects as vectors of plant pathogens: mutualistic and antagonistic interactions. Oecologia 133: 193-199.


    • Kruess A, Tscharntke T (2002): Contrasting responses of plant and insect diversity to variation in grazing intensity. Biological Conservation 106: 293-302.


    • Tscharntke T, Hawkins BA (2002): Multitrophic level interactions - an introduction. In: Tscharntke T, Hawkins BA (eds): Multitrophic level interactions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1-7.


    • Tscharntke T, Steffan-Dewenter I, Kruess A, Thies C (2002) Contribution of small habitat fragments to conservation of insect communities of grassland-cropland landscapes. Ecological Applications 12: 354-363.


    • Steffan-Dewenter I, Munzenberg U, Burger C, Tscharntke T (2002) Scale-dependent effects of landscape context on three pollinator guilds. Ecology 83: 1421-1432.


    • Steffan-Dewenter I, Münzenberg U, Tscharntke T (2001): Pollination, seed set and seed predation on a landscape scale. Proceedings of the Royal Society London Series B 268: 1685-1690.


    • Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2001): Succession of bee communities on fallows. Ecography 24: 83-93.


    • Kluth S, Kruess A, Tscharntke T (2001): Interactions between the rust fungus Puccinia punctiformis and ectophagous and endophagous insects on creeping thistle. Journal of Applied Ecology 38: 548-556.


    • Tscharntke T, Thiessen S, Dolch R, Boland W (2001) Herbivory, induced resistance, and interplant signal transfer in Alnus glutinosa. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 29: 1025-1047.


    • Tscharntke T, Vidal S, Hawkins BA (2001) Parasitoids of grass-feeding chalcid wasps: a comparison of German and British communities. Oecologia 129: 445-451.


    • Tscharntke T (2000): Parasitoid populations in the agricultural landscape. In: Hochberg ME, Ives AR (eds): Parasitoid Population Biology. Princeton University Press, Princeton 235-253.


    • Dolch R, Tscharntke T (2000): Defoliation of alders (Alnus glutinosa) affects herbivory by leaf beetles on undamaged neighbours. Oecologia 125: 504-511.


    • Kruess A, Tscharntke T (2000): Species richness and parasitism in a fragmented landscape: experiments and field studies with insects on Vicia sepium. Oecologia 122: 129-137.


    • Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2000) Butterfly community structure in fragmented grasslands. Ecology Letters 3: 449-456.


    • Thies C, Tscharntke T (1999) Landscape structure and biological control in agroecosystems. Science 285: 893-895.


    • Tscharntke T, Kruess A (1999): Habitat fragmentation and biological control. In: Hawkins BA, Cornell HV (eds): Theoretical Approaches to Biological Control. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (UK), 190-205.


    • Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (1999): Effects of habitat isolation on pollinator communities and seed set. Oecologia 121: 432-440.


    • Tscharntke T, Gathmann A, Steffan-Dewenter I (1998) Bioindication using trap-nesting bees and wasps and their natural enemies: community structure and interactions. Journal of Applied Ecology 35: 708-719.


    • Zabel J, Tscharntke T (1998): Does fragmentation of Urtica habitats affect phytophagous and predatory insects differentially? Oecologia 116: 419-425.


    • Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (1997): Early succession of butterfly and plant communities on set-aside fields. Oecologia 109: 294-302.


    • Tscharntke T, Greiler H-J (1995): Insect communities, grasses, and grasslands. Annual Review of Entomology 40: 535-558.


    • Kruess A, Tscharntke T (1994) Habitat fragmentation, species loss, and biological control. Science 264: 1581-1584.


    • Tscharntke T (1992): Coexistence, tritrophic interactions and density dependence in a species-rich parasitoid community. Journal of Animal Ecology 61: 59-67.


    • Tscharntke T (1992) Cascade effects among four trophic levels – bird predation on galls affects density-dependent parasitism. Ecology 73: 1689-1698.


    • Tscharntke T (1992): Fragmentation of Phragmites habitats, minimum viable population size, habitat suitability, and local extinction of moths, midges, flies, aphids, and birds. Conservation Biology 6: 530-536.


    • Tscharntke T (1990): Fluctuations in abundance of a stem-boring moth damaging shoots of Phragmites australis: causes and effects of overexploitation of food in a late-successional grass monoculture. Journal of Applied Ecology 27: 679-692.


    • Tscharntke T (1989): Attack by a stem-boring moth increases susceptibility of Phragmites australis to gall-making by a midge: mechanisms and effects on midge population dynamics. Oikos 55: 93-100.


    • Tscharntke T (1989): Changes in shoot growth of Phragmites australis caused by the gall maker Giraudiella inclusa (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Oikos 54: 370-377.


    • Tscharntke T (1988): Variability of the grass Phragmites australis in relation to the behaviour and mortality of the gall-inducing midge Giraudiella inclusa (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Oecologia 76: 50.








    TejaTscharntke32008206

    Prof. Teja Tscharntke

    Phone +49 (0)551 / 39-9209
    ttschar#at#gwdg.de



    Agroecology
    Dept. of Crop Sciences
    Georg-August-University
    Grisebachstr. 6, D-37077 Göttingen
    Germany