Ingrid Camila Peñaloza Ortega


College / University

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Highest Degree

Bachelor of Science

Major Subjects





Lab Experience

Wet lab: (q-RT) PCR, Molecular cloning (restriction digestion, ligation, transformation), DNA and RNA purification, Agarose gel electrophoresis, Protein extraction, SDS-PAGE, Golden gate cloning for TALEN assembly, bacterial cell culture, cell viability assays
Dry lab: NGS data analysis: RNA-Seq (functional annotation, TF interaction networks), GWAS. Phylogenetic analysis (R: maximum likelihood, MrBayes: Bayesian Inference). Comparative genomics: synteny analysis (Python, MCScanX, i-ADHoRe). Programming languages: R, Python and Perl, Linux (bash shell). Statistical analysis: R and python. Biological data handling: Biopython, BioPerl. In silico vector, primer and shRNA design.

Projects / Research

  • 2022: "Identification of neurodevelopmental genes in the coral species Acropora digitifera (Acroporidae)"; Bachelor thesis – Prof Dr Clara Isabel Bermúdez Santana, Theoretical and Computational RNomics, Center of excellence in scientific computing, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • 2021 – 2022: "Genomic organization of developmental genes in coral species from the order Scleractinia"; – Prof Dr Clara Isabel Bermúdez Santana, Theoretical and Computational RNomics, Center of excellence in scientific computing, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • 2021: "In silico analysis of the evolutionary conservation of putative cis-regulatory elements controlled by Hand1 /Hand2 and potentially involved in the kidney development of vertebrates" – Department of Biology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • 2019: "First approaches to the existence of an innate immune memory in the Hydrozoan Hydractinia Symbiolongicarpus" – Genetics Institute, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • 2018 – 2019: "Genetic and phenotypic characterization of a mutant strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis defective in a P-type ATPase gene, ctpA" – Department of Chemistry, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Scholarships / Awards

2022 – 2023: Stipend by the International Max Planck Research School
2022: International Summer School “Gene Regulation, Epigenetics and Genome Stability”, Institute of Molecular Biology (Mainz, Germany)
2022: Second Place. Final Degree Examination-Bachelor of Science (Biology). Awarded by the Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
2021: Virtual Cultural Exchange and Student Certificate Program: Developing Cultural Competence. Scholarship by the North Carolina State University
2019: Academic exchange program at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Stipend by the Pacific Alliance and the Chilean international Cooperation Agency-Ministry of Foreign Affairs
2017: Second Place. First National Olympiads of Organic Chemistry; Awarded by Universidad Nacional de Colombia


My academic interests lie in understanding embryonic development from a molecular and cellular perspective. In detail, since gene expression regulation is the basis of many different cellular processes, I would like to understand from an evolutionary and mechanistic viewpoint the role of genome regulation (at different molecular levels) on the establishment of key transcriptional programs in development. Thus, I could answer some long-standing inquiries regarding the impact of genomic variation beyond the exome on evolution, the emergence of phenotypic diversity and human disease susceptibility.