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Philosophy (B.A.) (2 subjects)

Who are we and what is everything around us? What can we know? How shall we act? The really big, fundamental questions are approached methodically in Philosophy. It is not tentative pondering that is required here, but precise argumentation. In this degree programme, you will be taught the ability to treat philosophical problems academically. To do this, classical and modern standpoints will be studied and discussed. Structure: 4 basic modules in all areas: Theoretical Philosophy, Practical Philosophy, History of Philosophy and Logic. Optional foci will be available afterwards.


Subject name: Philosophy
Degree: Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) (2 subjects)
Standard period of study: 6 semesters
Starting semester: winter semester
Language of the programme: German

Admission to the winter semester 2018/19:

  • 1st subject semester: open admission (enrolment without previous application)
  • 2nd to 6th subject semester: open admission (enrolment without previous application)
  • International applicants (non-EU): open admission (application to International Student Services)



Subject description
Philosophy deals with the fundamental question of theoretical world interpretation and practical formation of life. It examines aspects that can be clarified through methodical contemplation. In order to do so, the ability to logically analyse abstract theoretical problems as well as to argument logically correctly must be acquired. The course of study comprises systematic parts (theoretical and practical philosophy) as well as historical (history of philosophy). Disciplines belonging to theoretical philosophy are epistemology, scientific theory, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind as well as aesthetics. Practical parts include, among others, ethics, political philosophy, law and social philosophy. The historical part is studied using selected texts of classic philosophic authors and based on philosophical-historical epochs.

Studies in the two-subject bachelor's programme aim to make the students appropriately comprehend problems and conceptions of philosophy, deal with them scientifically and to communicate their basic principles in a manner understandable to all. The graduates should especially have the skills to appropriately use the scientific aids of the study of philosophy, to understand and apply methods of philosophical thought and argumentation, to understand and classify philosophical texts in their historical interpretation and systematic connection, deal with philosophical problems of intermediate difficulty in written and oral form with precise terminology, and to weigh arguments against each other in an appropriate manner.


Subject areas and research focuses in Göttingen
Some of the research focuses at the Department of Philosophy at the Universität Göttingen are: philosophy of science, theoretical and applied ethics, history of modern philosophy, epistemology and philosophy of language.


Programme structure
In the first year, students take four basic modules that introduce them to the three main areas of philosophy and convey necessary methodical skills: Logic, Theoretical Philosophy, Practical Philosophy, History of Philosophy. In the second and third year of study, students may select a certain area of focus: 2 advanced modules out of Theoretical Philosophy, Practical Philosophy or History of Philosophy; a module entitled Out-of-School Conveyance Competence as well as a final B.A.-module. The Bachelor's thesis is written in one of the advanced modules mentioned above.


Recommended subject combinations
Philosophy is a two-subject Bachelor degree programme which can be combined with all subjects which themselves are offered as a two-subject Bachelor degree programme. Subject selection is determined by occupational goals, and general recommendations are not possible. Depending upon the combined subject, the most varied educational foci in philosophy are possible, e.g. a focus on political philosophy by selecting Political Science or History, a focus on the philosophy of language by selecting a linguistic subject or a focus on aesthetics by selecting Art History or a literary subject. The combination with single-subject Bachelor's degree programmes such as Physics or Psychology is, as a rule, not possible (special regulations for Physics on request, but not for Psychology).

Possible profiles
Scientific, occupational, general studies

Language recommendations
In order to read subject-specific texts, proficiency in English language is recommended.