Chair of Information Management

Sustainable Mobility Research Group (SMRG)

The Sustainable Mobility Research Group (SMRG) is an interdisciplinary research team which draws from the fields of business information systems, economics, psychology, and data science to investigate topics related to sustainable mobility. Additional members of the team include Prof. Dr. Johann Kranz of Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich, Prof. Dr. Norbert Mundorf from the University of Rhode Island, and Dr. Mauricio Marrone of Macquire University in Sydney. Together, the team forms a center of competence focused on developing innovative solutions to help guide the rapidly evolving transportation industry toward a sustainable future. The SMRG collaborates with several private industry and governmental partners, including its status as a research partner in a funded pioneer project for the Information and Communication Technology for Electromobility II Program (IKT für Elektromobilität II). The SMRG is also involved with two projects within the Lower Saxony Electromobility Trade Show (Schaufenster Elektromobilität in Niedersachsen).

The core competence of the SMRG is its focus on the practitioner-oriented evaluation of new technologies and concepts in the domain of mobility. Thus, our primary objectives include the development and testing of innovations, and the creation of business models and information systems regarding sustainable solutions for mobility. This is achieved through the analysis of electrical vehicle acceptance (e.g. e-cars and e-bikes) for use in current and future energy systems (e.g. Smart Grids). We pursue the collaborative development of scientific publications by working in an interdisciplinary research environment within these areas of research and application in order to exchange knowledge within both the scientific and economic communities.

Core competences and fields of application of the SMRG

  • Development and experimental testing of alternative mobility and business model concepts.
  • Acceptance research regarding new or alternative means of transportation (via user surveys or methodical analysis, e.g. structural equation modeling).
  • Fleet and potential analysis to reduce emissions and optimize profitability
  • Development of information systems in the context of innovative mobility platforms (such as portals and apps).
  • Application of data mining technologies and algorithms

Current and past research projects

e-Mobility Case Studies

  • Partners: District of Göttingen (Landkreis Göttingen), Power Grid Center AG (EON Mitte AG), Rural Adult Education e.V. (Ländliche Erwachsenenbildung e.V.), Green Auto Göttingen (Grünes Auto Göttingen), Auto Part City Carsharing Göttingen GmbH (stadt-teil-auto Carsharing Göttingen GmbH), Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Power and Energy Services (Fraunhofer IWES)
  • Objectives: Our goal is to increase public availability and awareness of innovative and sustainable means of mobility in order to promote consumer acceptance. In order to achieve this goal, we develop business models and provide applied examples for continuous economical operation over the project duration within its given region. We aim to provide substantial practice-oriented contributions to facilitate diffusion of e-mobility.
  • Approach: We aim to develop an e-mobility concept for sustainable transportation within a specific regional area. The concept consists of two usage scenarios of regional mobility in which different applications of electric mobility are developed and researched. The project focuses on rural areas in order to address current research limitations such as demographic bias. Furthermore, rural areas provide enormous potential for sustainable mobility design, such as the opportunity to utilize decentralized renewable energy.

FastTrack e-Bike Adoption Program and Tradeshow

  • Partners: City of Göttingen (Stadt Göttingen), District of Göttingen (Landkreis Göttingen), Power Grid Center AG (E.ON Mitte AG)
  • Objectives: We aim to extract knowledge regarding the drivers and barriers of electrical bike acceptance. In addition, we analyze the implications for increased mobility requirements within metropolitan traffic systems.
  • Approach: We gather infrastructure and implementation requirements from pedelec- and e-bike users and analyze the relationship between e-bike infrastructure implementation, acceptance, and economic mobility transformation toward a sustainable future for transportation.

Battery-electric Heavy-duty Vehicles in Intelligent Container Terminals (BESIC)

  • Partners: HHLA Container-Terminal Altenwerder GmbH, Gottwald Port Technology GmbH, Vattenfall Innovation Europe GmbH, Research Center of Lower Saxony
  • Objectives: Gather empirical evidence investigating economic value of electric mobility in the context of a replaceable battery concept for closed transport and logistic systems.
  • Approach: Adaption of operational transportation vehicle algorithms, as well as the development and optimization of vehicle load management algorithms. Development and evaluation of application concepts for battery management and operational load management system optimization. Such systems allow flexibility of container terminal operation in combined use and marketing of e-mobility services.

Feasibility Study in E-mobility Solutions for Göttingen City Bus Traffic

  • Partners: Göttingen Public Transportation GmbH (Göttinger Verkehrsbetriebe GmbH), Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems IVI (Fraunhofer-Institut für Verkehrs- und Infrastruktursysteme IVI)
  • Objectives: Feasibility analysis of introducing environmentally-friendly buses with alternative propulsion technologies.
  • Approach: Analysis of existing infrastructure (bus stops, electrical grid), routes, and schedules to gather user requirements. Identification and evaluation of available market variations of alternative sustainable buses (such as battery electric buses, trolley hybrid and plug-in hybrid buses, and fuel cell buses) in regard to technical and economical potentials.

Gap EV - Applied Research E-Mobility

  • Partners: Leading Global Smart Meter Supplier (Weltweit führender Smart Meter Anbieter)
  • Objectives: Evaluation of future market and service requirements in the field of electro mobility.
  • Approach: Development of a service-oriented framework for evaluation of predefined business scenarios in the area of electro mobility.

Excerpt of current research papers

  • Brendel, A. B.; Brennecke, J. T.; Zapadka, P.; Kolbe, L. M. (2017): A Decision Support System for Computation of Carsharing Pricing Areas and its Influence on the Vehicle Distribution, Proceedings of International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), South Korea.
  • Brendel, A. B.; Lichtenberg, S.; Nastjuk, I.; Kolbe, L. M. (2017): Adapting Carsharing Vehicle Relocation Strategies for Shared Autonomous Electric Vehicle Services, Proceedings of International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), South Korea.
  • Brauer, B.; Ebermann, C.; Hildebrandt, B.; Remané, G.; Kolbe, L. M. (2016): Green by App: The Contribution of Mobile Applications to Environmental Sustainability, 20th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems (PACIS 2016), Chiayi, Taiwan.
  • Brauer, B.; Ebermann, C. (2016): The Role of Goal Frames Regarding the Impact of Gamified Persuasive Systems on Sustainable Mobility Behavior. In: European Conference of Information Systems (ECIS 2016), Istanbul
  • Brendel, A. B.; Brauer, B.; Hildebrandt, B. (2016): Toward User-Based Relocation Information Systems in Station-Based One-Way Car Sharing, Proceedings of Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2016), San Diego.
  • Remane, G.; Hanelt, A.; Hildebrandt, B.; Kolbe, L.M. (2016): Changes in Digital Business Model Types - A Longitudinal Study of Technology Startups from the Mobility Sector, 22nd Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2016), San Diego, USA.
  • Hanelt, A.; Hildebrandt, B.; Brauer, B.; Kolbe, L.M. (2015): Towards Sustainable Mobility - Digital Eco-Systems as Drivers of Disruptive Change, in: China Media Research, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 53-63.
  • Nastjuk, I., Kolbe, L.M. (2015): On the Duality of Stress in Information Systems Research - The Case of Electric Vehicles, 36th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2015), Fort Worth, Texas
  • Hildebrandt, B.; Hanelt, A.; Piccinini, E.; Kolbe, L.; Nierobisch, T. (2015): The Value of IS in Business Model Innovation for Sustainable Mobility Services - The Case of Carsharing, 12th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI 2015), Osnabrück.
  • Schmidt, J.; Hildebrandt, B., Eisel, M.; Kolbe, L. (2015): Applying Demand Response Programs for Electric Vehicle Fleets, Proceedings of the Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015), Puerto Rico.


Universität Göttingen
Professur für Informationsmanagement
Prof. Dr. Lutz M. Kolbe

Sustainable Mobility Research Group
Dr. Alfred Benedikt Brendel
Humboldtallee 3
37073 Göttingen

+49 (0)551 / 39-21173