Department of Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution of Plants (with Herbarium)

L

LAGERHEIM, Nils Gustav 1860 - 1926
born: Stockholm died: Djursholm near Stockholm
Botanist (systematics, especially algae and fungi), also bacteriologist. Assistant in Lisbon. Prof. in Quito. Curator of the museum in Tromsö. 1895; Prof. of botany at the university of Stockholm.

Biography: Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 44: (95) - (108). 1927.
Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 21: 115 - 118. 1927.
Svenskt Biogr. Lex. 22: 124 - 126. 1977.
Herbarium: S
GOET: Edit. "Algae aquae dulcis exsiccatae", instalment 26 ff. (1896), see also
WITTROCK, V. B.


LAGGER, Franz Joseph (François Joseph) 1799 - 1870
born: Münster (VS) died: Freiburg (Fribourg)
Studied medicine in Dijon and Freiburg i. Br. Doctor in Freiburg (Fribourg) in Switzerland. Botanist (flora).

Biography: Bull. Trav. Soc. Murith. 3: 48 - 53. 1875.
GOET: A few specimen from Switzerland and Italy (Hb. Vo., Gris.).


LAMMERSDORFF, Johann Anton - 1822
born: Hanover
Doctor (court physician) in Hanover, botanist.
Biography: UDE 1897: 56 - 57.
Herbarium: HBG (?)
GOET: A few specimens "M. Lam." in Hb. Ehrh.


LAMPE, Wilhelm 1881 - 1978
born: Hoheneggelsen (Marienburg district) died: Erlangen
Head teacher in several places including Harriehausen. Moved to Groß Ilde near Hildesheim in 1945. Local historian (including pre-history). Lichenologist.

Biography: GRUMMANN 1974.
Nachr. Niedersachsens Urgeschichte 45: 561 - 564. 1976.
Personal information from his grandson.
GOET: Lich, southern lower Saxony (ca. 1500 Nr.). Voucher specimens to: W.
LAMPE & O. KLEMENT 1958: Die Flechtenvegetation zwischen Oker und
Leine im Raume von Hildesheim bis zum Harzrand. - Z. Museum Hildesheim N.
F. 12.


LÁNG, Franz Adolf [Adolf Ferenc] 1795 - 1863
born: Pest died: Neutra
Hungarian pharmacist and botanist. Owned a pharmacy in Pest and (from 1832) in Neutra. Editor of plant collections from 1820.

Biography: Linnaea 33: 566 - 567. 1865.
GOMBOCZ 1936: 434-436.
GOET: A few specimens from Hungary, Carpathians (Hb. Bg.). LANG & SZOVITS
"Herb. ruthenicum Cent. I." (leg. SZOVITS ?; Hb. Gris.).

See also: Illustratio Plantarum Herbarii Florae ruthenucae. Flora 10, I, 3. Beilage: 33 -
94. 1827.


LANGE, Otto Ludwig 1927 -
born: Dortmund
Botanist (ecologist, lichenologist). Studied in Göttingen (student of F. FIRBAS), and in Freiburg. 1959; private lecturer in Göttingen. 1961 - 63; scientific advisor (”Wissenschaftl. Rat”) at the TH Darmstadt. 1963 - 67; chair for forestry botany in Hann. - Münden. Chair for botany at the university Würzburg from 1967 – 1992. Several expeditions including the Sahara, Israel, Australia and the Antarctica.

Biography: GRUMMANN 1974.
KÜRSCHNER ed. 13. 1980.
Herbarium: Privately owned.
GOET: A few specimens, lichens: including type from Gonohymenia mauritanica Lange.


LANTZIUS - BENINGA, Georg Bojung (Boyung) Scato 1815 - 1871
born: Stiekelkamp (east Friesland) died: Göttingen
Private lecturer and (from 1870) extraordinary prof. of botany at the University of Göttingen. Was assistant at the university herbarium under the supervision of BARTLING for a long time.

Biography: ADB 17: 702 - 703. 1883.
Abh. Naturw. Ver. Bremen 15: 148 - 155. 1897.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 271.
Herbarium: HBG, GOET
GOET: From around Göttingen, east Friesland, especially east Friesian islands, 1847
(Hb. Bg.), also bryophytes.

Revision of the plants of east Friesland: LANTZIUS - BENINGA, S. 1849: Beiträge zur Kenntnis
der Flora Ostfriesland's. Göttingen.


LAURER, Johann Friedrich 1798 - 1873
born: Bindlach near Bayreuth died: Greifswald
Following training as pharmacist, studied medicine and botany. Private lecturer of anatomy and (from 1836), prof. for pharmacology in Greifswald. Lichenologist.

Biography: Flora 56: 529 - 536. 1873.
Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Neu - Pommern Rügen 7: 129. 1875.
ADB 18: 66 - 68. 1883; 51: 604 - 605. 1906.
GRUMMANN 1974.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 272-273.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: Bryophytes, ca. 15 Nr. in RABENHORST, Bryotheca (Pommern, Alps).


LAW, John Sutherland 1810 - 1885
born: India
Administrator in India (Bombay Presidency). Plant collector.

Biography: DESMOND 1977.
Herbarium: K
GOET: India, see also STOCKS.


LECHLER, Willibald 1814 - 1856
born: Klosterreichenbach (Württ.) died: near Guaquil
Pharmacist in Stuttgart. 1850 - 55; expedition to south America. 1856; Dr. rer. nat., died at the start of an expedition.

Biography: Jahresh. Ver. Vaterl. Naturk. 14: 31 - 36. 1858.
LEHMANN 1951: 42 - 43, 110 - 112.
DAB 2: 362. 1978.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 274-275.
Herbarium: MB
GOET: (Hb. Gris.) "Pl. Magellanicae". Peru, 1854 "Pl. Peruvianae", also bry. Chile,
"Pl. Chilenses" (Exsiccate edited by R.F. HOHENACKER , some material is
labelled with original labels without names).

Revisions: Including: GRISEBACH 1854,
METTENIUS 1856 (Filices),
SCHULTZ-BIPONT 1855, 1856,
WEDDELL 1855 - 61 (Chloris Andina).


LEDEBOUR, Carl Friedrich von 1758 - 1851
born: Stralsund died: Munich
Prof. of botany in Dorpat (1811 - 36). Important researcher of the "Flora rossica". Travelled widely, reaching the Altai. In Germany from 1836 (Heidelberg and Munich).

Biography: ADB 18: 111. 1883.
MARTIUS 1886, Akadem. Denkreden 317 - 321.
Pommersche Lebensbilder 3: 256 - 265. 1939.
Festschr. 500 - Jahrfeier Univ. Greifswald 2: 547 - 552. 1956.
HENZE 3: 170-171. 1993.
Herbarium: LE
GOET: A few specimens from Altai (Hb. Gris.).


LEHMANN, Alexander (Adolfowitsch) 1814 - 1842
born: Dorpat died: Simbirsk
Naturalist and explorer. Took part in several expeditions (Novaja Semlja, Ural, Central Asia).

Biography: Das Inland, Dorpat 7: 362 - 364. 1842.
Russk. Biogr. Slov. 10: 184. Repr. 1962.
Deutschbalt. Biogr. Lex. 442. 1970.
Herbarium: LE (?)
GOET: Central Asia "Reliquiae Botanicae" (a few specimens Hb. Gris.).


LEICHHARDT, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig 1813 - 1848
born: Trebatsch (Mark Brandenburg) died: in inland Australia
Explorer. Studied medicine and natural sciences in Berlin and Göttingen (did not finish). Moved to Australia in 1842. 1844 / 45 and 46 / 47 undertook a large expedition of inland Australia. Disappeared in 1848.

Biography: E.A. ZUCHOLD 1856: Dr. Ludwig Leichhardt. Leipzig. (n. v.).
Austral. Dict. Biogr. 2: 102 - 104. 1967.
G. CONNELL 1980: The mystery of Ludwig Leichhardt. Carlton.
E. M. WEBSTER1980: Whirlwind in the plain. Ludwig Leichhardt – friends,
foes and history. Carlton.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 279.
GOET: Australia, "Nova Hollandia" (a few specimens, acc. 1867).

Itinerary: L. LEICHHARDT 1959: Schicksal im australischen Busch. Leipzig.


LEINER, Ludwig 1830 - 1901
born and died in Constance (Konstanz).
Pharmacist in Constance. Cryptogam reseacher, later active in local politics and as local historian.

Biography: GRUMMANN 1974.
DAB 1: 367. 1975.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 279-280.
GOET: Bryophytes from around Constance (15 Nr. in RABENHORST, Bryotheca &
Hepat.).


LE JOLIS, Auguste Françoise 1823 - 1904
born and died in Cherbourg
Merchant, judge at the commercial court. As botanist, research interests included the flora around Cherbourg and cryptogams (especially algae). Dr. phil. h. c. University of Jena.

Biography: Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 428 - 429. 1904.
Mém. Soc. Nat. Sci. Math. Nat. Cherbourg 35: I - XX. 1906.
GRUMMANN 1974.
Herbarium: CHE
GOET: Alg: "Algues marines de Cherbourg".


LESQUEREUX, Charles Léo 1806 - 1889
born: Fleuruer (Ct. Neuchâtel) died: Columbus, Ohio
Botanist (bryologist and palaeobotanist). Initially worked as private tutor and in business before working as bryologist and moor researcher. Emigrated to the USA in 1848. Worked with SULLIVANT as bryologist. "Pioneer of american palaeobotany".

Biography: Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuchâtel 18: 1 - 37. 1890.
Ann. Bot., London 3: 467 - 470. 1890.
Proceed. Amer. Phil. Soc. 28: 65 - 70. 1890.
Isis 34: 97 - 108. 1942.
HUMPHREY 1961: 141 - 144.
EWAN 1981: 133.
Herbarium: NY
GOET: Bryophytes, USA (Hb. Solms).


LEVIER, Emile (Emilio) 1839 - 1911
born: Bern died: Florence
Doctor, in Florence from 1865. Botanist, travelled to several places including in Spain, Portugal and in the Caucasus. Bryologist.

Biography: Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. N.S. 19: 5 - 12. 1912.
Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 54: (60) - (62). 1913.
Herbarium: FI
GOET: A few specimens from Italy.


LEWEJOHANN, Klaus 1937 -
born: Münster / Westfallen
Botanist (flora and systematics). Studied chemistry and biology in Göttingen. Scientific co-worker (Curator of herbarium) since 1969 at the systematic - geobotanical institute at the University of Göttingen - 2000. Several expeditions.

Biography: information communicated by himself
Herbarium: Partly in privately owned herbarium (a few families and genera) otherwise in
GOET.
GOET: Central Europe (especially north west Germany, Hessen, Alps, Burgenland);
southern France (east Pyrenees - maritime alps) and Corsica; Spain; Mallorca;
Scandinavia (especially Lapland, Sweden, several times since 1971, Norway in
1982);
Yugoslavia (1984, with J. HERBORG).
W - Turkey (1974, with F. HOLTZ);
Tunisia (1993);
Cape Verde islands (1978 / 79, 1980, 1982);
Canary Islands (Tenerife 7 trips 1975-2000; La Palma, Gomera).


L'HERMINIER, Ferdinand 1802 - 1866
born: Basse - Terre, Guadeloupe died: Pointe - à - Pitre, Guadeloupe
Doctor in Guadeloupe. Plant collector (especially cryptogams).

Biography: Symb. Ant. 3: 74 - 75. 1902.
Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 11: 360. 1975.
Herbarium: P, PC
GOET: Pteridophytes and bryophytes from Guadeloupe (Hb. Solms), bryophytes also
in RABENHORST, Hepaticae.

Comments: The forename is not recorded. A dated specimen (1862) and the fact that
cryptogams are also present in the collection, indicates that Ferdinand is the
collector and not his father Felix Louis L' HERMINIER (1779 - 1833).


LICHTENSTEIN, Martin Hinrich Carl 1780 - 1857
born: Hamburg died:Whilst sailing on the Baltic Sea between Korsør and Kiel.
Doctor and naturalist, especially zoology. While working as private tutor of the governor in Capeland (1802 - 1806), he collected plants, animals and ethnographical objects. 1811; prof. for natural history and zoology at the university of Berlin, temporary director of the botanical gardens. Founded Berlin zoo in 1844.

Biography: Bonplandia 6: 337. 1858.
ADB 18: 556 - 557. 1883.
STRESEMANN, E. 1960: Hinrich Lichtenstein. In: Forschen und Wirken,
Festschrift zur 150 - Jahr - Feier der Humboldt Univers. Berlin 1: 73 - 96.
Dict. S. Afr. Biogr. 3: 520 - 523. 1977.
Englera 1: 75 - 76. 1979.
GUNN & CODD 1981: 227-229.
HENZE 3: 170-171. 1993.
Herbarium: B (†)
GOET: South Africa (Hb. Herr.).


LIEBMANN, Frederik Michael 1813 - 1856
born: Helsingør died: Copenhagen
Botanist. 1841 - 43; collected in Mexico. Lecturer at the veterinary school and the university of Copenhagen, where he succeeded SCHOUW in 1852 as ord. prof. and director of the botanical gardens.

Biography: Dansk Biogr. Leks. ed. 2. 14: 338 - 341. 1938; ed. 3. 9: 37 - 38. 1981.
Herbarium: C
GOET: A few specimen from Mexico "Pl. Mexic. Liebm." (ex. Hb. C).


LIENENBECKER,
Steinhagen

GOET: Northfrisian Islands, Switzerland (Valais = Wallis), mainly Poaceae.


LIMPRICHT, Karl Gustav 1834 - 1902
born: Eckersdorf near Sagan died: Breslau
Teacher in Bunzlau (1858 - 69) and Breslau (from 1869). Bryologist.

Biography: Hedwigia 42, Beibl.: (1) - (6). 1903.
Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 45: XXI - XXXV. 1904.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 283-285.
Herbarium: BP
GOET: Bryophytes from Silesia in RABENHORST, Bryotheca & Hepat. (ca. 25 Nr.).


LINDBERG, Harald 1871 - 1963
born: Helsingfors (Helsinki)
Finnish botanist at the botanical museum in Helsinki. Son of S.O. LINDBERG.

Biography: Acta Hort. Berg. 3 (3): 93. 1905.
Taxon 12: 169. 1963.
Herbarium: H
GOET: Bryophytes, Finland, ca. 1890 - 1914 (Hb. Schell., Vo.).


LINDBERG, Sextus Otto 1835 - 1889
born: Stockholm died: Helsingfors (Helsinki)
Swedish - Finnish botanist (bryologist). 1865; prof. of botany at the University of Helsingfors (Helsinki).

Biography: Joun. Bot., London 27: 147 - 148. 1889.
Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 17: 503 - 538. 1891.
Herbarium: H - SOL
GOET: Bryophytes, ca. 60 Nr. in RABENHORST, Bryotheca et Hep. (Skandinavia).


LINDEBERG, Carl Johan 1815 - 1900
born: Grenna (Sweden) died: Alingsås
Head teacher in Göteborg. Botanist, specialist for the genera Rubus and Hieracium.

Biography: Bot. Notis. 1900: 142. 1900.
ASCH. & GR. 6 (1): 475. 1902.
Herbarium: GB
GOET: "Hieracia Scandinaviae exsiccata" (Nr. 51 - 100, separate, additional in the
general herbarium).


LINDHEIMER, Ferdinand Jacob 1801 - 1879
born: Frankfurt a. M. died: New Braunfels, Texas
Teacher at the Bunsen Institute in Frankfurt a. M. Forced to emigrate due to political pressures in 1834. Worked as farmer etc. in Mexico and USA and from 1845 in New Braunfels. Professional plant collector and later as editor of a german newspaper in Texas. Justice of the Peace etc.

Biography: Missouri Bot. Gard. Ann. Rep. 18: 123 - 223. 1907.
GEISER, G. W. 1948: Naturalists of the Frontier, s. 132 ff.
Taxon 26: 429 - 434. 1977.
Herbarium: Several including GH
GOET: Texas, 1843 - 46 "Flora Texana exsiccata" (Hb. Gris.).

Revisions: ENGELMANN & GRAY 1845, GRAY 1850, SCHEELE 1848 / 49.


LINDIG, Alexander fl. 1859 - 1863
Plant collector, 1859 - 63 in Bogotá.

GOET: Bryophytes from Colombia ("Nova Granata"), 1859 - 63 (Hb. Solms).
Numerous isotypes.

Revisions: E. HAMPE 1861 / 62, Linnaea 31: 518 - 532, 32: 127 - 164;
1862, Flora 45: 449 - 458.
E. HAMPE 1865 in TRIANA & PLANCHON, Prodromus Florae Novo -
Granatensis.
Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 5. 3: 337 - 376.


LLOYD, Curtis Gates 1859 - 1926
born: Florence, Kentucky died: Cincinnati
Botanist and mycologist. 1886 - 1918; worked in his brother's pharmaceutical firm.

Biography: Science N. S. 64: 569 - 570. 1927.
Mycologia 19: 153 - 159. 1927.
Bull. Lloyd Libr., Hist. Ser. 28: 1 - 72. 1928.
HUMPHREY 1961.
Herbarium: Phanerogams: CINC; Fungi: BPI
GOET: near Cincinnati, Ohio 1881 - 82 (Hb. Pae.).


LOBIN, Wolfram 1951 -
born: Bad Münder / Deister
Botanist. Studied in Darmstadt and Göttingen. Scientific worker at the Senckenberg research institute, Frankfurt a. M. Now Curator of the Botanical Gardens Bonn.

Herbarium: FR and privately owned.
GOET: Cape Verde islands, 1978 – 80; Spain.


LOJKA, Hugó 1844 (45?) - 1887
born: Gelsendorf (Galizien) died: Budapest
Teacher in Budapest. Lichenologist.

Biography: Mag. Bot. Lap. 31: 67 - 69. 1932.
GRUMMANN 1974.
Herbarium: W
GOET: "Lichenotheca universalis" (Hb. Solms.).


LORENTZ, Paul Günther 1835 - 1881
born: Kahla (Thüringen) died: Concepción del Uruguay
Botanist. Trained as pharmacist, then studied theology and natural sciences. Later became bryologist. Private lecturer in Munich. 1870 - 74; prof. of botany in Córdoba, 1875 - 81; prof. of natural sciences (teacher) at the Colegio Nacional in Concepción del Uruguay (Entre - Rios prov.). Research interests included the flora and vegetation of Argentina.

Biography: Bot. Cbl. 9: 450 - 468. 1882.
J. Bot., London 20: 159. 1882.
Bolet. Acad. Nac. Cienc. Córdoba 49: 63 - 70. 1972.
MÄGDEFRAU 1978: 144.
FRAHM & EGGERS 2001: 295-297.
Herbarium: Phanerogams: GOET, B (†). Bryophytes: M, B (†).
GOET: Argentina:
1. Expedition; 1871 / 72 (partly with STELZNER and SCHICKENDANTZ).
2. Expedition; 1872 - 74 (travelled with HIERONYMUS as far as Tarija in
Bolivia).
3. Areas around Concepción del Uruguay, Entre - Rios prov., 1875 - 78
mostly Hb. Gris., "Flora Entre - Riana" some ex B).
4. Iter ad Paraguay flumen, 1879.
Bryophytes: M - and north Europe ( a few specimens).

Revisions: A. GRISEBACH 1874: Plantae Lorentzianae. Abh. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19:49 - 278.
A. GRISEBACH 1879: Symbolae ad floram argentinam. Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss.
Göttingen, Phys. Cl. 24: 1 - 345.

The types of the species from GRISEBACH are in GOET. Collection numbers are not cited.


LORENZEN, Harald 1928 -
born: Wilhelmshaven
Botanist (plant physiology, morphology). Prof. at the university of Göttingen since 1968. Guest lecturer at the university of Taichung in Taiwan 1973/74.

Biography: KÜRSCHNER ed. 13. 1980.
GOET: Taiwan, 1973 / 74.


LOSCOS y BERNÁL, Francisco 1823 - 1886
born: Samper de Calanda died: Torrecilla de Alcañiz
Pharmacist in Castelséras in Aragonia. Botanist.

Biography: Bot. Cbl. 29: 95 - 96. 1887.
Teruel 1953(9): 25-59.
Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 18: 15-17. 1960.
GOET: Spain " Series exsiccata florae Aragonensis", 1875 - 77 (Hb. Gris.).


LYALL, David 1817 - 1895
born: Auchinblae (Scotland) died: Cheltenham
Naval doctor and naturalist, most importantly as botanist. Took part on expeditions to the Antarctic, Artic and to New Zealand. 1858 - 61; member of the "British Columbia Boundary Commission".

Biography: J. Bot., London 33: 209 - 211. 1895.
Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 19: 362 - 363. 1975.
DESMOND 1977.
EWAN 1981.
Herbarium: K (and GH)
GOET: USA / Canada (Brit. Columbia) " Oregon Boundary Commission" 1859 - 61
(Hb. Gris.).