University Glossary German/English
The University Glossary contains German terms and their English equivalents or explanations. These include both terms specific to the University of Göttingen (eg names of individual institutes or faculties) and terms that may be used elsewhere (eg general administration or terms used by funders such as the DFG). Please use the glossary as an initial reference point or as support for AI-supported translations. Please feel free to refer external translation agencies to the University glossary.
Please also check out our English Usage Style Guide.
The Glossary contains many terms, but not everything that you may need for your work. Please feel free to send queries to Melissa Sollich (Public Relations, firstname.lastname@example.org).
|Deutsch||Englisch / Notes|
|Abrechnung von Reisekosten||1. travel claims; 2. reimbursement of travel expenses|
|Abschluss||1. Hochschulabschluss - degree; university degree; successful completion of university coursework; (US) completed college
2. qualification; qualification awarded
3. Schulabschluss - school leaving certificate; school leaving qualifications; (US) high school diploma
|Abschlussarbeit||thesis (Bachelor/Master), dissertation (PhD)
Note: at the undergraduate level, dissertation is more common in the UK, final thesis is more common in the US.
|Abschlusszeugnis (Schule)||Abschlusszeugnis (Schule): school leaving certificate, (US) diploma
Abschlusszeugnis (Hochschule): examination certificate, (US) transcript
final record (document listing final marks), degree certificate (Abschlussurkunde)
2. degree recipient (less common)
Note: It is not always necessary. For example, "Abteilung Göttingen International" is translated to "Göttingen International". Some faculties use the German word "Department" as a larger version of an "Abteilung" - so a "Department" is made up of smaller "Abteilungen". In this case, the faculty rule should be followed. Translation of Abteilung could be team or group or it could be left out (as in the example here with Göttingen International).
|Abteilung Bioklimatologie||Bioclimatology Group|
|Abteilung Humangeographie||Department of Human Geography|
|Abteilung IT||1. IT
2. IT Department
|Abteilung Öffentlichkeitsarbeit||1. Public Relations
2. Public Relations Department
|Abteilung Personaladministration und Personalentwicklung||HR Department|
|Abteilung Studium und Lehre||Student and Academic Services|
|Akademische Personalentwicklung||Academic Staff Development Unit|
|Akademischer Oberrat||Senior Lecturer
Note: Akademischer Oberrat is generally a permanent post for an academic with responsibility for teaching and management with an academic rank approximately between lecturer and professor.
|Anerkennung (von Studien- und Prüfungsleistungen)||recognition of credits and qualifications|
|Anerkennung (von Studienleistungen)||recognition of credits|
|Angehörige||staff and students
Note: try to avoid "members" and be specific about who you address, "Angehörige" may also include alumni or guests
|Annahmeerklärung||Declaration of Enrolment|
|antragstellende Hochschule, Universität||1. host university
2. applying university
|Audit ‚berufundfamilie’||Work and Family Audit|
|Audit ‚Vielfalt gestalten’||Diversity Audit|
Note: please refer to "the Aula" or "the Aula (Göttingen University's Great Hall)"
|Ausschlussfrist||1. final deadline
2. closing date
|Außerplanmäßige Professur||Adjunct Professor
Note: the English term is used in different ways around the world. The German term refers to...
|Außeruniversitäre Einrichtung||institutions outside the University|
|Außeruniversitäre Forschungseinrichtung||research institution outside the University|
Note: An apprentice (Azubi) is a student who must complete an apprenticeship (Ausbildung) to graduate, similar to "Lehre". Azubis learn on the job.
Note: the German word "Ausbildung" has a broad meaning to include all training. "Apprenticeship" means learning a trade, usually at a lower salary. If you are writing about a situation where a trainee does it without pay, it could be "vocational training" or "training to be X".
|BAföG (Bundesausbildungsförderungsgesetz)||BAföG (Germany's Education Assistance Act)
Note: can refer to the BAfög law or the actual maintenance grant/financial aid
|BAföG-Bescheinigung||certificate for §9 BAföG
Note: BAfög (Bundesausbildungsförderungsgesetz - Germany's education funding law) is financial support from the government which is awarded to students according to need.
Note: Accessibility can also refer to websites (ease of reading)
Note: It is useful to be specific about physical problems with accessibility, eg "not accessible to wheelchair users" or "limited accessibility for wheelchair users". Barrier-free would probably be understood but is not widely used. For instance, "barriers to learning" might be used but this could have a range of meanings.
|Befürwortung der für die antragstellende/n Universität/en zuständigen Wissenschaftsbehörde/n des Bundeslandes oder der Bundesländer||endorsement by the science or research authority/authorities at the state level responsible for the applicant university/universities|
|behindert / schwerbehindert||People who have a disability / severe disability
Note: disabled or severely disabled can be used but not preferred
Note: "handicapped" is an outdated term that is considered offensive. Please avoid.
|Bernstein Netzwerk Computational Neuroscience Deutschland||Bernstein Network Computational Neuroscience|
|beteiligte Universität/Einrichtung||participating university/institution|
|beteiligte Wissenschaftler||participating researchers|
|Betreuungsausschuss||Thesis advisory committee|
|Biodiversitätsmuseum Göttingen||Biodiversity Museum Göttingen|
|BLAB Lebenswissenschaftliches Schülerlabor (BLAB)||BLAB University’s school laboratory for Life Sciences|
|Bundesgesundheitsministeriums||Germany's Ministry of Health|
|Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)||Federal Ministry of Education and Research|
|Campus Laboratory for Advanced Imaging, Microscopy and Spectroscopy (AIMS)||Campus Laboratory for Advanced Imaging, Microscopy and Spectroscopy (AIMS)|
|Campus-Institut Data Science (CIDAS)||Campus Institute Data Science (CIDAS)|
|Campuslabor Digitalisierung und computergestützte Analytik (DCA)||Campus Laboratory for Digitization and Computational Analytics (DCA)|
Note: "equal opportunity" is more common in the UK, "equal opportunities" (in the plural form) is more common in the US.
|Charta ‚Familie in der Hochschule’||Charter ‘Family Life and Academia’|
|Controlling||auditing, monitoring, or review
Note: The word "control" and "controlling" is much stronger in English and usually means that something will be changed rather than checked.
Note: coronavirus (the virus) or Covid/Covid-19 (the illness) are used in international texts instead of corona, depending on the context. COVID/COVID-19 are correct in scientific texts (as it is an acronym). Covid/Covid-19 is correct in other texts (as Covid is pronounced as it is written as a word and not as a string of letters).
|Department für Agrarökonomie und Rurale Entwicklung||Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development|
|Deutchlandstipendium (plural Deutschlandstipendien)||Deutschlandstipendium (Germany's scholarship for students)
Note: the word should be used in the German with an explanation as needed. The scholarship (from the BMBF) includes financial support as well as other support (such as mentoring and networking). https://www.deutschlandstipendium.de/deutschlandstipendium/de/services/english/the-deutschlandstipendium-best-of-both-worlds-for-students.html
|Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)||German Research Foundation (DFG)|
|Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD)||German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)|
|Deutsches Primatenzentrum (DPZ)||German Primate Center - Leibniz Institute for Primate Research (DPZ)
Note: formal name in English which only needs to be used once at the beginning of an official text or table. Thereafter, it can be referred to as the German Primate Centre (DPZ).
|DFG Forschungsgruppe (FOR)||DFG Research Unit (FOR)|
|DFG Graduiertenkolleg (GRK)||DFG Research Training Group
Note: these are divided between DGF Research Training Groups (GRK) and International Research Training Groups (Internationales Graduiertenkolleg)
|Diversity als Chance – Die Charta der Vielfalt der Unternehmen in Deutschland||Diversity Charter|
|Dorothea-Schlözer-Programm||Dorothea Schlözer Programme|
Note: "Dr." can be used but isn't necessary especially as this is a contraction of "Doctor" and not an abbreviation.
|Drittmittel||Research grant funding
Note: It is also acceptable to use "external funding". "Third party funding" is often used by EU funders and so you should use this term if this is your audience. However, it wouldn't be widely understood outside Germany/EU funding circles.
|Drittmittelgeförderte Projekte||Grant-funded research projects|
2. facility (Note: this is often used for service departments)
|Energiecontrolling||Energy Control Department
Note: this is an office within a larger department and "control" here is being used to mean "monitoring". https://www.uni-goettingen.de/en/62371.html
|evangelische (esg) und die katholische (khg) Studierendengemeinde||The Protestant (esg) and Catholic (khg) student congregations
Note: "evangelical" in everyday English is used to mean zealous and can be used in contexts that are not religious. It would not be widely used to mean "protestant".
Note: lower case in DE and EN for esg and khg is correct in this case
|Experimentelles Praktikum||Hands-on training in the laboratory (equivalent to Laborpraktika)
Note: "laboratory practicals" would also be fine and can refer to individual training events rather than a period of time spent in a laboratory learning
|Exzellenzcluster||Cluster of Excellence
Note: this is research funding specific to German universities
|Exzellenzcluster Zentrum für Mikroskopie im Nanometerbereich und Molekularphysiologie des Gehirns (CNMPB)||Cluster of Excellence Nanoscale Microscopy and Molecular Physiology of the Brain|
|Fakultät für Agrarwissenschaften||Faculty of Agricultural Sciences|
|Fakultät für Biologie und Psychologie||Faculty of Biology and Psychology|
|Fakultät für Chemie||Faculty of Chemistry|
|Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie||Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology|
|Fakultät für Geowissenschaften und Geographie||Faculty of Geoscience and Geography|
|Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik||Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science|
|Fakultät für Physik||Faculty of Physics|
|Feldübungen||practical training in the field
Note: if referring to practical work conducted by a researcher in the natural environment (not in a laboratory), the term "fieldwork" can also be used.
|Förderung des wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses||promotion of early career researchers|
|Forschungsorientierte Gleichstellungsstandards der DFG||DFG Research-Oriented Standards on Gender Equality|
Was Wissen schafft
Knowledge in the making
|Forum Wissen - das Wissensmuseum der Universität Göttingen||Forum Wissen - the knowledge museum of the University of Göttingen|
|Forum Wissen Göttingen||Forum Wissen Göttingen|
|free-floater||Note: the concept of “Free-Floaters” was introduced by the University as a mechanism to strengthen academic recruitment of the very best early career researchers for tenure-track Junior Professorships. These positions were advertised openly without specific subjects and gave the University the freedom to recruit internationally, flexibly and optimally to secure excellence. The recruitment process was jointly managed by the GRC and the University.|
|Gebäudemanagement||Estates and Facilities Management|
|Gemeinsames Prüfungsamt der mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultäten||Examination Office for Mathematics and the Natural Sciences|
|Gender Controlling||equal opportunities monitoring
Note: please avoid the phrase "Gender controlling" in English.
|Georg-August University School of Science (GAUSS)||Georg-August University School of Science (GAUSS)|
|Georg-August-Universität Göttingen||University of Göttingen
Note: Göttingen University is also acceptable. Georg-August-Universität should be used in legal documents and University of Goettingen is used for research publications or anywhere that an ö might not be read by a database. See the University's Two-page Style Guide for full details
|Georg-Eckert-Institut für internationale Schulbuchforschung (GEI)||Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research (GEI)|
|German||English / Notes|
|Gesellschaft für wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung mbH Göttingen (GWDG)||Gesellschaft für wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung mbH Göttingen (GWDG)
Note: German is used in English texts. The GWDG is the computing centre for the University and a computing and IT competence centre for the Max Planck Society. It is widely known as GWDG: https://www.gwdg.de/
|Gleichstellungs-Controlling||Equal Opportunities Monitoring|
|Gleichstellungs-Innovations-Fond||Equal Opportunities Innovation Fund|
|Gleichstellungskonzept||Equal Opportunities Strategy|
|Göttingen Campus (GC)||Göttingen Campus|
|Göttingen Campus QPLUS Projekt||Göttingen Campus QPLUS project|
|Göttingen eResearch Alliance (eRA)||Göttingen eResearch Alliance (eRA)|
|Göttingen International||the International Office|
|Göttinger Graduiertenschule Gesellschaftswissenschaften (GGG)||Göttingen Graduate School of Social Sciences (GGG)|
|Göttinger Zentrum für Molekulare Biowissenschaften||Göttingen Center for Molecular Biosciences (GZMB)|
|Graduiertenkolleg||research training group|
Note: Research and learning for PhD students registered at Göttingen University, including those carrying out research across the Göttingen Campus, is organised into four graduate schools according to academic fit. The graduate schools are an umbrella for the doctoral degree programmes and Research Training Groups of the faculties and research centres assigned to them.
|Graduiertenschule Forst- und Agrarwissenschaft (GFA)||Graduate School of Forest Sciences and Agricultural Sciences (GFA)|
|Graduiertenschule für Geisteswissenschaften Göttingen (GSGG)||Graduate School of Humanities Göttingen (GSGG)|
Note: this actually means that the job is their main position and is usually applied to senior academics (for instance a Vice-Principal) who has decided to relinquish their academic role to concentrate on senior management
|Heidenreich von Siebold Programm||Heidenreich von Siebold Programme|
|Hochschuldidaktik (als Einrichtung der Universität Göttingen)||Section for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education
Note: this is a department in the University. If talking about "Hochschuldidaktik" generally as a subject, other descriptions and translations can be used
|Hochschulsport (Göttingen)||University Sports (Göttingen)|
|Immatrikulationsbescheinigung, die||certificate of enrolment|
|Impressum||contact address or address
Note: "Impressum" is a requirement for all company websites in German-speaking countries. It is not used in other countries. It could be translated as "registered office" or "official information" or used in itallics and explained, depending on the context. "Imprint" can be used in publishing (particularly books) to show who the publisher is, but "imprint" is generally meaningless to most international English-speakers.
|Institut für Röntgenphysik||Institute for X-ray Physics|
|Internationalisierungsstrategie||Strategy on Internationalisation|
|Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institut für Zoologie & Anthropologie||Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institute of Zoology and Anthropology|
|Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institut für Zoologie und Anthropologie||Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institute of Zoology and Anthropology|
|Juristische Fakultät||Faculty of Law|
|Kleinbauer/Kleinbäuerin and Kleinbauern/Kleinbäuerinnen||smallholder farmer and smallholder farmers
Note: The German version with "-in" or "ihnnen" refers to female smallholder farmer/s. This distinction wouldn't necessarily be used in an English text as "smallholder farmer" could be male, female, trans or the gender might not be known. However, it is worth considering when "she" could be used or when gender is important in the context and the text should be made explicit about gender.
|Kultur-Raum Region||Kultur-Raum Region - an exhibition space showcasing the region's cultural institutions and museums
Note: as the "Kultur-Raum Region" is a room in the Forum Wissen that visitors will need to find, please use the German name in translations and add the description at the beginning of the text or as needed
|Laborpraktika||Hands-on training in the laboratory
Note: "laboratory practicals" would also be fine and can refer to individual training events rather than a period of time spent in a laboratory learning
|Lehrstuhl, der||chair or professorship
Note: chair or professorship refers to a person in English, not a research group
|Lehrstuhlinhaber*in X||Professor of X|
|Leitlinien zur Transparenz in der Forschung||Guidelines for Transparency in Research|
|Margaret Maltby Mentoring Programm||The Margaret Maltby Mentoring Programme|
|maßgeblich beteiligte Wissenschaftler*in(nen)||principal investigator(s)|
|Max-Planck-Forschungspreis||Max Planck Research Award|
|Max-Planck-Gesellschaft||Max Planck Society|
|Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V.||Max Planck Society for Advancement of Science|
|Max-Planck-Institut (MPI)||Max Planck Institute (MPI)|
|Max-Planck-Institut für biophysikalische Chemie (MPI BPC)||Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (MPI BPC)
Note: see entry about the Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences
|Max-Planck-Institut für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation (MPIDS)||Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS)|
|Max-Planck-Institut für Multidisziplinäre Naturwissenschaften (MPI-NAT)||Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences (MPI NAT)
Note: was founded 1 Jan 2022 from a merger between the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (MPI BPC) and MPI for Experimental Medicine
|Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung (MPS)||Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS)|
|Max-Planck-Institut zur Erforschung multireligiöser und multiethnischer Gesellschaften (MPI-MMG)||Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity (MPI-MMG)|
|Medien- und Informationsmanagement||Information and Advisory Services|
|Mediziner*in||physician or (medical) doctor|
|Meinungsfreiheit, die||freedom of speech|
|Mensa||"cafeteria" or "dining hall" or "canteen"
Note: if you are referring to a specific "Mensa" such as the Alte Mensa (which is now the University's conference centre) or Mensa am Turm (which is still a canteen), you should use the German term exactly as it is and explain as necessary
|Nacht des Wissens||Night of Science|
|Nachwuchswissenschaftlerer*in||Postdoc or Early Career Researcher (ECR)
Note: postdoc refers to the phase following PhD completion, whereas Early Career Researcher includes other researchers who may still be studying. Avoid using "young" (as in young scientist) unless describing school children or there is an age restriction (for instance as in some funding schemes).
|nebenberuflich||part-time or holding a senior academic position alongside their academic roles
Note: this is usually applied to senior academics (for instance a Vice-Principal) who retains their academic role in addition to their senior management role
|Niedersächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen (AdW)||The Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Lower Saxony (AdW)
Note: renamed in Dec 2022 to include the word Niedersächsische/Lower Saxony in the title
|Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek (SUB)||Göttingen State and University Library (SUB)|
|Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen (SUB)||Göttingen State and University Library (SUB)|
|Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kultur (MWK)||Ministry of Science and Culture of Lower Saxony (MWK)|
|Notfall- und Störmeldezentrale, die||The Emergency Helpine and Fault-reporting Service
Note: University department - https://www.uni-goettingen.de/en/15742.html
|Numerus Clausus (N.C.)||numerus clausus (NC)
Note: this term is the same in English but would not be widely understood. It means a fixed maximum number of entrants that can be enrolled on an academic course or at an institution.
|Ombudsstelle für gute wissenschaftliche Praxis||Ombuds Office for Good Research Practice|
|Open-Access-Leitlinie der Universität Göttingen (einschließlich der Universitätsmedizin Göttingen||Open Access Policy of the University of Göttingen (incl. University Medical Center)|
|Ordnung der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen zur Sicherung guter wissenschaftlicher Praxis||Rules Governing the Safeguarding of Good Research Practice (2021)|
|Ordnung über die Einstellung und Evaluation von Juniorprofessor*innen||Regulation on the Employment and Evaluation of Junior Professors|
|Ordnung zur Sicherung guter wissenschaftlicher Praxis (2021)||Rules Governing the Safeguarding of Good Research Practice (2021)|
|Orientierungsphase||induction, welcome or orientation week for new students
Note: in German, this is often abrievated to O-Phase
|Personalrat (der)||the Personalrat (staff council)
Note: this body doesn't have an official English name and staff council wouldn't be widely understood. The Personalrat exists to represent the social and personal interests of all staff as it pertains to their work.
Note: "persons" is not incorrect but sounds very cold and would normally only be used in contexts such as "missing persons".
|Perspektiven für Karrierewege in der Wissenschaft||Career Paths in Science and Academia: Perspectives|
|Philosophische Fakultät||Faculty of Humanities|
Note: where this training takes place in a workplace, it is often referred to as an internship.
|Präsenzuniversität||a university where the students attend in person as opposed to learning online.
Note: This can be referred to as a "bricks-and-mortar" university, particularly in the US. However, it often works better to use a phrase to underline what is really important, for instance: "The University provides an excellent learning environment, making full use of its modern teaching spaces inside beautiful traditional buildings, offering students the opportunity to interact directly with teaching staff".
Note: "Professor Dr" would not be widely understood internationally and some would assume it meant medical training. "Professor" is generally considered the highest qualification and other qualifications do not need to be included.
|Professorinnen-Programm||Programme for Women Professors|
|Programmpauschale||an overhead paid to the University to run a programme, this overhead may be made available to the institute or faculty through an allocation system|
|projektförmige Förderung||project-based funding|
|Projektleiter*in||Project lead or project leader
Note: this individual leads or directs the project, distinct from the "project manager" (Koordinartor*in) who manages the project
|Qualitätsmanagement Studium und Lehre||teaching and learning quality management|
|Recht(e) Dritter||third party right(s)
Note: this often refers to companies or external bodies who may have legal rights if you (for instance) use their logo or image.
|Richtlinie über das Verfahren und die Vergabe von Leistungsbezügen für Professorinnen und Professoren an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (ohne UMG) -||Guideline on the procedure and granting of performance-based pay for professors at the University of Göttingen (not including the University Medical Center)|
Note: sometimes "transferable skills" fits the meaning if it refers to skills that are being taught to students to be used in a wider context.
|Sekretariat||administrative office, secretary or secretariat|
|Semesterstarttag, der||The Semesterstarttag
Note: an event to celebrate the start of the new semester
|Semesterwochenstunde (SWS)||lecture hours per week or weekly lecture hours|
|Short-term International Mentorship Programme (STIM)||Short-term International Mentorship Programme (STIM)|
|sogenannt (X)||known as (X) or referred to as (X)
Note: in English, "so-called" can be used sarcastically as in "my so-called friend". "Sogennant" may often be omitted or the word being referred to can be put in quotations to show it is being used in a special way or a new term is being introduced. Alternatively, the options above can be used.
|Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB)||Collaborative Research Centre (CRC)
Note: as used by the DFG
|Sozialdienst des Studentenwerks||Service provided by the Studentenwerk including counselling, consultation and financial advice.
Note: see also entry for Studentenwerk
|Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät||Faculty of Social Sciences|
|Spezialisierungspraktikum||preparatory practical work|
|Stabsstelle (in der Universitätsverwaltung)||unit or team or office
Note: "Stabsstelle" has a special meaning in German. This team, unit or office is part of the standard organisational structure. It is usually a relatively new development in the administrative structure and the team provides expert knowledge in a relatively independent way. They can carry out strategic work to support a department or .
|Stabsstelle Sicherheitswesen und Umweltschutz||Safety/Environmental Section|
Note: a group of staff created for the short to medium term to carry out an administrative function. The group may develop into a separate department/section/team according to the university's long-term needs and external pressures.
|Studentenwerk Göttingen||Studentenwerk Göttingen
Note: the German word should be used and explained if necessary in the context. In German "Studentenwerk" refers to a state-run, non-profit organisation which provides student services (such as canteen and counselling)
Note: recommended to use as is, with explanation. For instance: Studienkolleg is a two-semester course to prepare students who do not have a recognised school-leavers' qualification, such as Arbitur or baccalaureat (or equivalent), but want to study at German University.
Note: certificate to confirm of periods of study
|Studium und Lehre||Student and Academic Services|
|TAN-Liste||Transaction Authentication Number list|
|Theologische Fakultät||Faculty of Theology|
|Thomas-Oppermann-Kulturforum||(the) Thomas Oppermann Cultural Forum|
|TOTAL E-QUALITY Award||TOTAL E-QUALITY Award|
|U4-Netzwerk (U4)||U4 University Network (Note: has been changed to U4Society and is part of ENLIGHT)|
Note: Ukraine changed its name and dropped the "the" when it became independent. It is an important sign of respect to refer to it just as "Ukraine".
|Universität des Dritten Lebensalters (UdL)||University of the Third Age Göttingen (UdL)|
|Universität Göttingen||University of Göttingen
Note: Göttingen University is also acceptable. Georg-August-Universität should be used in legal documents and University of Goettingen is used for research publications or anywhere that an ö might not be read by a database
|Universität, die||the University
Note: University is written with a capital if referring to the University of Göttingen (Göttingen University is also acceptable). If not specific about which university, it should be lower case.
|Universitätsgebäude, die||the University buildings|
Note: this is a term used when describing the history of the University of Göttingen which refers to a specific group of academically active daughters of professors at the University
|Universitätsmedizin Göttingen (UMG)||University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG)|
or compatability of work and caring responsibilities
Note: "compatibility" in English means "like-mindedness" or "getting on well together". It could be used in the context of working and looking after children, but wouldn't automatically be understood as such.
|virtuelle Arbeitsgruppe Studium und Lehre/virtuellen AG Studium Lehre/||virtual working group for Student and Academic Services|
Note: capitalise when in a proper title. For example, Vice-President Mary Smith
|Vizepräsident für Digitalisierung und Infrastrukturen||Vice-President for Digital Transformation and Infrastructure|
|Vizepräsidentin für Berufungen und Chancengleichheit||Vice-President for Professorial Appointments and Equal Opportunities|
|Vizepräsidentin für Finanzen und Personal||Vice-President for Finance and Human Resources|
|Vizepräsidentin für Internationales||Vice-President for Internationalisation|
|Vizepräsidentin für Studium Lehre und Chancengleichheit||Vice-President for Teaching Learning and Equal Opportunities|
|Vorstand||1. (Management) Board; 2. Board of Directors; 3. Executive Committee|
|Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät||Faculty of Business and Economics|
|Wissenschaft/Wissenschaftler*in||Science/scientist or research(er) or academia/academic
Note: science is sometimes perceived as referring to the natural sciences only. Depending on the context, "academia/academic" or "research/researcher" may be better choices to ensure inclusivity. "Scholars" is inclusive and includes students.
|WissZeitVG (Wissenschaftszeitvertragsgesetz)||WissZeitVG is short for das Wissenschaftszeitvertragsgesetz (the German law concerning academic fixed-term contracts). The rules affect the periods of employment for researchers both before and after completing their PhD. The law stipulates a maximum number of years following PhD completion before subsequent fixed-term contracts are not allowed. You should always get individual advice as the interpretation of the law is complex and varies according to circumstances, role, region and other issues.|
|Zentrale Einrichtung für Sprachen und Schlüsselqualifikationen (ZESS)||Centre for Languages and Transferable Skills (ZESS)|
|Zentrale Kustodie||Centre for Collection Development|
|Zentrale Reisekostenstelle||Central Travel Cost Centre|
|Zentrales Hörsaalgebäude (ZHG)||Central Lecture Hall (ZHG)
Note: it is also acceptable to use the German words in English text but as there is an English translation in general circulation (google maps etc), then this can be used.
|Zentrum für Biodiversität und Nachhaltige Landnutzung||Centre of Biodiversity and Sustainable Land Use|