Research Group: Genetic engineering in Indian agriculture

  • Project Summary
  • People
  • Publications
  • Presentations
  • Contact Details


Project Summary
As one of the first countries in the Global South India has declared the importance of biotechnology as tool for advancing growth in agriculture and the food sector. With the second National Biotechnology Strategy, the Government of India has identified biogenetics as one of the 'sunrise sectors' that are expected to prepare India for her 'march towards genuine world-class technological competence' (DBT 2014: 3f.). While in medical applications, genetic engineering based on recombinant DNA technologies has been widely ignored in mass media, in agriculture and food systems, conflicts have been dramatic (Herring 2007). NGOs from various countries organize in transnational movements and networks to campaign against risky, uncertain and even possibly unforeseen side effects of biotechnological innovations to eco-systems and society. This politicization of genetic engineering in India is driven by diverging perceptions, definitions, and evaluations of the unintended and in part unknown consequences of technological innovations. Ultimately, it rests on different knowledge claims that the involved actors (scientists, governmental officers, NGO campaigners, private business organizations, local farmers, etc.) make about nature, agriculture and technology, and on their authority to make these claims assertive in the public debate (Goldman & Turner 2011). The project investigates the trajectories of the politics of knowledge production in the field of agricultural genetic engineering. It examines how knowledge of genetically engineered organisms is produced, circulated and applied; and it analyzes the role of non-knowledge – understood as willingly ignored as well as unknowable factors – in these processes. The project proceeds by integrating concepts of Science & Technology Studies and Development Studies.


People

  • Dr. Markus Keck
    Research Group Leader
    Goldschmidtstr. 5, 37077 Goettingen, Germany
    Room 5.134
    Tel +49-551-39-8086
  • Katharina Najork M.Sc.
    Research Associate
    Goldschmidtstr. 5, 37077 Goettingen, Germany
    Room 5.133
    Tel +49-551-39-8085
  • Hannah Bondy B.Sc.
    Student Assistant
    Goldschmidtstr. 5, 37077 Goettingen, Germany
    Room 5.124
    Tel +49-551-39-19738


Alumni

    Jonathan Friedrich (Student Assistant)
    Maj Kraus (Student Assistant)
    Luisa Knobloch (Research Associate)
    Janes Grewer (Student Assistant)
    Maria Kaiser (Student Assistant)


Publications

  • KECK, M. (2019): Worlding countrysides: Das Globale in der Auseinandersetzung um gentechnisch veränderte Baumwolle in Indien. In: Mießner, M., Naumann, M. (Eds.): Kritische Geographien ländlicher Entwicklung. Globale Transformationen und lokale Herausforderungen. Westfälisches Dampfboot, Münster: 100–115
  • KNOBLOCH, L., KECK, M. (2018): Transgenic Food Crops for India? The Politicization of a Controversial Technology. In: BUTSCH, C., FOLLMANN, A. (Eds.): Geographien Südasiens. Aktuelle Forschungsbeiträge zu Südasien. Proceedings of the South Asia Study Group in the German Geographical Society (DGfG). Volume 10: 16–19


Presentations

  • KECK, M., BEISEL, A. (2020): Science, Technology & Development: STS and geographical development studies. Session within New Cultural Geographies XVII. University of Bonn. 30 January–01 February 2020, Bonn / Germany
  • KECK, M. (2020): Widerspenstige Bauern? Widerspenstige Gene? (Un-)Sichtbarkeiten in der Kontroverse um den Verlust der Wirksamkeit von Bt-Baumwolle in Indien. Neue Kulturgeographie XVII. University of Bonn. 30 January–01 February 2020, Bonn / Germany
  • NAJORK, K. (2020): From blessing to curse? The return of pink bollworm and its impacts on the livelihoods of Bt-cotton farmers in Telangana, India. 10th Annual Meeting of the South Asia Specialty Group in the German Society of Geography. 24–25 January 2020, Freiburg / Germany
  • KECK, M. (2019): Unruly peasants? Unruly genes? (In-)Visibilities in the controversy about the potential loss of effectiveness of Bt cotton in India. Workshop “Digitized natures”. Geographisches Institut, Universität Bonn. 02.–03.12.2019
  • BUTSCH, C., KECK, M. (2019): Transformation beyond the city: rural and periurban spaces in the Global South. Session within German Congress of Geography. University of Kiel. 25–30 September 2019, Kiel / Germany
  • KECK, M. (2019): Worlding countrysides, or the making of world-class agriculture in India. Appointment procedure of professorship on Human Geography (Development Studies) at Freie Universität Berlin. 28-29 January 2019, Berlin / Germany
  • KECK, M. (2018): Worlding countrysides, or the making of world-class agriculture in India. International symposium on the global countryside. Final conference of the ERC project “Global-Rural”. 13.–15.11.2018, Newtown / Wales, UK
  • KECK, M., FOLLMANN, A. (2018): Agrarian transformations in the Global South: Technological change and socio-ecological consequences. Session within Global Conference on Economic Geography. University of Cologne. 24–28 July 2018, Cologne / Germany
  • KECK, M. (2018): Worlding countrysides: Genetically engineered crop plants in the Indian political debate. Global Conference on Economic Geography. University of Cologne. 24–28 July 2018, Cologne / Germany
  • KNOBLOCH, L. (2018): Gentechnik in der Landwirtschaft Indiens – eine Politik des Wissens und Nicht-Wissens. 8. Annual Meeting of the South Asia Study Group within German Geographical Society. 19–20 January 2018, Cologne / Germany
  • KECK, M. (2017): Biogenetics in Indian agriculture: Politics of knowledge and non-knowledge. Workshop. Food Systems: Production, Trade, Consumption. 27–28.10.2017, Cologne / Deutschland
  • KRAMM, J., KECK, M. (2017): Knowledge and non-knowledge in dealing with social-ecological risks. Session within German Congress of Geography. University of Tuebingen. 30 September–5 October 2017, Tuebingen / Germany
  • KECK, M. (2017): Relevantes Wissen - Irrelevantes Nichtwissen? Neue Fragen für die geographische Risikoforschung. New Cultural Geography XIV. 26–28 January 2017, Bayreuth / Germany


Contact Details
Dr. Markus Keck
University of Goettingen
Institute of Geography
Goldschmidtstrasse 5
37077 Goettingen
Tel +49-551-39-8086
Fax +49-551-39-12140
Email markus.keck@geo.uni-goettingen.de
Further details: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Politics-of-knowledge-and-non-knowledge-agricultural-biotechnology-in-India