Nano-Optics and Ultrafast Dynamics

We investigate ultrafast electronic and structural dynamics in solids, nanostructures and surfaces. In particular, the group develops and applies new experimental techniques based on imaging and diffraction with ultrashort electron pulses. We operate unique instruments combining high spatial and temporal resolution, such as an Ultrafast Transmission Electron Microscope (UTEM) and Ultrafast Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (ULEED) setups.
In further activities, we study highly nonlinear optical processes in metallic nanostructures and their control by intense optical fields. Moreover, we have recently established laboratory-scale magnetic imaging using extreme-ultraviolet radiation from high-harmonic generation.

Ultrafast Transmission Electron Microscopy

The Göttingen Ultrafast Transmission Electron Microscope (UTEM) is based on a laser-driven field emission photocathode generating electron pulses with femtosecond to attosecond durations. The high spatial coherence and ultrashort duration of the electron beam allows for investigations of structural, electronic and spin dynamics in solid-state systems.

Ultrafast Low-Energy Electron Diffraction

Ultrafast Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (ULEED) enables the study of structural dynamics with ultimate surface sensitivity. Our ULEED setup features a laser-triggered tip emitter in a nanofabricated electron gun environment, providing for high momentum resolution in diffraction.

High Harmonics Generation Spectroscopy

High Harmonic Generation (HHG) delivers extreme-ultraviolet femtosecond light pulses, which are suitable for time-resolved measurements in solids. Our polarization-controlled HHG sources are employed in the ultrafast imaging of magnetic structures and the spectroscopy of correlated materials.

Project funding and collaborations

ULEED: Observing structural dynamics at surfaces with Ultrafast Low-Energy Electron Diffraction

ERC Starting Grant within "Horizon 2020"
Project duration: 2015-2020

SFB 1073 "Atomic Scale Control of Energy Conversion"

SFB projects A05, C04
(First and second funding period: 2013-2021)

SFB 755 "Nanoscale Photonic Imaging"

SFB project C08
(Project duration: 2011-2019)

DFG Priority Programme 1840 "Quantum Dynamics in Tailored Intense Fields"

Project "Coherent interactions of strong optical near-fields with free and weakly bound electrons"
(First funding period: 2015-2018)