Actors, Power, Interests as Drivers of Community Forestry

Supervision: Prof. Krott

Coordination: Dr. Carsten Schusser


Researchers: Manjola Salla, Mbolo C. Yufanyi Movuh, Duy Bach Ngo, Haiyun Y. Chen, Ting Zhu, Carsten Schusser, Rosan Devkota (former), Ahmad Maryudi (former), Anne Itubo (M.Sc: student), Karren Small (M.Sc. Student)

Founding: DFG, DAAD, KAAD, Hans Boeckler Foundation, MoET Vietnam, GGG, Alfred Toepfer Stiftung

Research Countries: Albania, Cameroon, China, Germany, Indonesia, Namibia, Nepal, Vietnam, Guyana and Kenya

Start: October 2007

Project Objective: The research focuses on the role of powerful actors in community forestry, to determine whether forests are managed sustainably, whether local people are empowered and whether poverty is reduced. The results are generated through the analysis of actor-centered power and of the interest of the powerful actors within a community forest network, as well as through the analysis of economical, social and ecological outcomes in the respective community forest. The research takes place in 8 countries around the world.

Project Details (download)

Publications (download)


  • Chen, H.Y., Zhu, T. Krott, M., Calvo, JF., Ganesh, SP., Makoto, I. (2013). Measurement and evaluation of livelihood assets in sustainable forest commons governance, Land Use Policy, Vol. 30, pp. 908-914

  • Schusser, C., Krott, M., Logmani, J. (2013). The Applicability of the German Community Forestry Model to Developing Countries, Forstarchiv Vol. 84, pp. 24-29

  • Maryudi, A. (2013). Restoring State Control Over Forest Resources Through Administrative Procedures: Evidence From a Community Forestry Programme in Central Java, Indonesia, ASEAS, Vol. 5(2), pp. 229-242, Doi: 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.2-3

  • Yufanyi Movuh, MC. (2013). Analyzing the Establishment of Community Forestry (CF) and Its Processes Examples from the South West Region of Cameroon, Journal of Sustainable Development; Vol. 6(1), pp. 76-89

  • Yufanyi Movuh, MC. Schusser, C. (2012). Power, The hidden factor in Development Cooperation. An example of Community Forestry in Cameroon, Open Journal of Forestry. doi:10.4236/ojf.2012

  • Schusser, C. (2012). Who determines biodiversity? An analysis of actors' power and interests in community forestry in Namibia Forest Policy and Economics, Special Issue: Biodiversity & Climate Policy, doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2012.06.005

  • Schusser, C., Krott, M., Devkota, R., Maryudi, A., Salla, M., Yufanyi Movuh, M., C. (2012). Sequence Design of Quantitative and Qualitative Surveys for Increasing Efficiency in Forest Policy Research. AFJZ, Vol. 183(3/4), 75-83

  • Maryudi, A., Devkota, R. R., Schusser, C., Yufanyi, C., Rotchanaphatharawit, R., Salla, M., Aurenhammer, H., & Krott, M. (2012). Back to basics: Considerations in evaluating the outcomes of community forestry. Forest Policy an Economics, Vol. 14 (1), pp. 1-5

  • Yufanyi Movuh, M.C., Krott, M. (2011), The Colonial heritage and post-Colonial influence, entanglements and implications of the concept of community forestry by the example of Cameroon, Forest Policy and Economics, Vol. 15, pp. 70-77


Conference Papers

  • Schusser, C. (2011). Actors` Power and Interests as the Key for Negotiations: The role of powerful actors in Community Forestry, (De-) Constructing Biodiversity Workshop Goettingen, Germany, 23-24 September 2011

  • Schusser, C. (2011). The role of international actors in Community Forestry. Forstpolitiktreffen Duderstadt, Germany, 13-15 April 2011

  • Maryudi, A. Devkota, RR. Schusser, C., Salla, M., Uthaiwan, W., Krott, M. (2009). Rights and Practices in Community Forestry-Comparative Analysis of Albania, Indonesia, Namibia, Nepal and Thailand. XIII World Forestry Congress Buenos Aires, Argentina, 18–23 October 2009

  • Devkota, RR., Maryudi, A., Schusser, C., Uthaiwan, W. (2008). Is Community Forestry a Solution or a Problem? Literature Review with Examples of Indonesia, Namibia, Nepal and Thailand, Tropentag Hohenheim, Germany, 7-9 October 2008

Poster Presentations

  • Schusser, C. (2012). Empowering the communities? The role of powerful actors in community forestry- A Namibian case study. Forstpolitiktreffen Baden-Baden, Germany, 27-30 March 2012