Professur für Entwicklungsökonomie / Centre for Modern Indian Studies (CeMIS)

Anaemia among men in India: a nationally representative cross-sectional study

Anemia Men 300/200pxAn international research team comprising of the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, the University Heidelberg, the Public Health Foundation of India, the University of Goettingen and more, analyzed the prevalence of anemia among men in India, how it varies across states and compared the findings with the prevalence among women regarding geographical and sociodemographic variation. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a representative household survey from January 2015 to December 2016, carried out in India’s 29 states and seven Union Territories. This study included more than 106 thousand men and more than 633 thousand women. The findings showed, that men had a prevalence of any anemia with 23.2%, moderate or severe anemia with 5.1% and severe anemia with 0.5%. Men ranging from 20-34 years showed the lowest probability of anemia, which is a similar result to women across age groups. Socio-economic factors like less household wealth, lower education, rural areas, smoking and underweight increase the probability of anemia among men. The outcome showed, that the geographical and sociodemographic variation of anemia is similar regarding men and women, although many studies and interventions have focused on women and children. Future efforts in anemia reduction targeting men can be adjusted to the existing interventions reducing anemia among women. Read paper


Inadequate care for high blood pressure patients along the treatment system

blood pressureA research team composed of academics from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, the University of Göttingen and the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg and various partner institutions from study countries analyzed the healthcare of hypertension in 44 low- and middle-income countries. They used a model known as the “cascade methodology”. The researchers found that less than half of those affected are diagnosed with high blood pressure. Only 30 percent of these patients are treated and only one tenth have the disease under control. "High blood pressure can be treated relatively well and cheaply," says Sebastian Vollmer, Professor of Development Economics at the University of Göttingen. "Undiagnosed or untreated hypertension, on the other hand, is a considerable risk for the people affected and can lead to significant complications, including death.” Read paper


EASAC report “The imperative of climate action to protect human health in Europe”

Klimawandel

Prof. Dr. Vollmer was part of a European Academies’ Science Advisory Council (EASAC) working group on climate change and health. He was nominated by the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. The new EASAC report “The imperative of climate action to protect human health in Europe” highlights an alarming range of health risks due to climate change, and the benefits of rapid phase out of fossil fuels. The scientists elaborated different pathways that will lead to increased health risks if no urgent action is taken to reduce greenhouse emission. The solutions proposed by the scientists of the EASAC were decarbonization of the economy, healthier diets, climate-smart food systems, strengthening communicable disease surveillance and response systems. Furthermore, the impacts of climate change should not only be viewed on the European level, but rather on the global level.