Publications by IRTG 2172 PRoTECT members


  • Nagel, A., Leonard, M., Maurus, I., Starke, J., Schmitt, K., Valerius, O., Harting, R. and Braus, G.: The Frq–Frh Complex Light-Dependently Delays Sfl1-Induced Microsclerotia Formation in Verticillium dahliae. J. Fungi, 9(7), 725; (2023)

  • Dreischhoff, S., Das, I.S., Häffner, F., Wolf, A.M., Polle, A., and Kasper, K.H.: Fast and easy bioassay for the necrotizing fungus Botrytis cinerea on poplar leaves, Plant Methods 19, (2023)

  • Lewandowska, M., Zienkiewicz, A., Feussner, K., König, S., Kunst, L., and Feussner, I.: Wound induced triacylglycerol biosynthesis is jasmonoyl-isoleucin and abscisic acid independent, Plant Biol., (2023)

  • Maurus I.,Harting R., Herrfurth C., Starke J., Nagel A., Mohnike L., Chen Y.-Y., Schmitt K., Bastakis E., Süß M. T., Leonard M., Heimel K., Valerius O., Feussner I., Kronstad J. W., Braus G. H.: Verticillium dahliae Vta3 promotes ELV1 virulence factor gene expression in xylem sap, but tames Mtf1-mediated late stages of fungus-plant interactions and microsclerotia formation. PLoS Pathog 19(1): e1011100 (2023)


  • Kasper, K.H., Abreu, I., Feussner, K., Zienkiewic, K., Herrfurth, C., Ischebeck, T., Janz, D., Majcherczyk, A., Schmitt, K., Valerius, O., Braus, G.H., Feussner, I., Polle, A.: Multi-omics of xylem sap uncovers dynamic modulation of poplar defenses by ammonium and nitrate. Plant Journal 111: 282-303. DOI:10.1111/tpj.15802 (2022)

  • Maurus I., Leonard M., Nagel A., Starke J., Kronstad J.W., Rebekka Harting, and Braus, G.H.: Tomato Xylem Sap Hydrophobins Vdh4 and Vdh5 Are Important for Late Stages of Verticillium dahliae. Plant Infection. Journal of Fungi, 8(12):1252 (2022)


  • Nair, A., Goyal, I., Voß, E., Mrozek, P. , Prajapati, S., Thurow C., Tietze, L., Tittmann, K., and Gatz, C.:N-hydroxypipecolic acid-induced transcription requires the salicylic acid signaling pathway at basal SA levels. Plant Phys. (2021)

  • De la Torre, A., Jurca, M., Hoffmann, K., Schmitz, L., Heimel, K., Kämper, J., Pérez-Martín, J.: Robust Cre recombinase activity in the biotrophic smut fungus Ustilago maydis enables efficient conditional null mutants in planta. Genetics (2021)

  • Barghahn S., Arnal G., Jain N., Petutschnig E.K., Brumer H. and Lipka V.: Mixed Linkage β-1,3/1,4-Glucan Oligosaccharides Induce Defense Responses in Hordeum vulgare and Arabidopsis thaliana. Front Plant Sci https://doi: 10.3389/fpls.2021.682439 (2021)

  • Lüdke, D., Rohmann, P.F.W. and Wiermer, M.: Nucleocytoplasmic Communication in Healthy and Diseased Plant Tissues. Front Plant Sci 12, (2021).

  • Harting, R., Nagel, A., Nesemann, K., Höfer, A. M., Bastakis, E., Kusch, H., Stanley, C. E., Stöckli, M., Kaever, A., Hoff, K. J., Stanke, M., deMello, A. J., Künzler, M., Haney, C. H., Braus-Stromeyer, S. A. and :Pseudomonas Strains Induce Transcriptional and Morphological Changes and Reduce Root Colonization of Verticillium spp. Front. Microbiol., (2021)

  • Harting, R., Starke, J., Kusch H., Pöggeler, S., Maurus, I., Schlüter, R., Landesfeind M., Bulla, I., Nowrousian, M., de Jonge, R., Stahlhut, G., Hoff, K. J., P. Aßhauer, K. P., Thürmer, A., Stanke, A., Daniel, R., Morgenstern, B., Thomma B. P. H. J., Kronstad, J. W., Braus‐Stromeyer, S. A., Braus, G. H.: A 20‐kb lineage‐specific genomic region tames virulence in pathogenic amphidiploid Verticillium longisporum. Mol. Pl. Path. (2021)

  • Starke, J., Harting, R., Maurus, I., Leonard, M., Bremenkamp. R., Heimel, K., Kronstad, J., and Braus, G.: Unfolded Protein Response and Scaffold Independent Pheromone MAP Kinase Signaling Control Verticillium dahliae Growth, Development, and Plant Pathogenesis. J. Fungi (2021)

  • Lüdke, D., Roth, C., Kamrad, S.A., Messerschmidt, J., Hartken, D., Appel, J., Hörnich, B.F., Yan, Q., Kusch, S., Klenke, M., Gunkel, A., Wirthmueller, L. and Wiermer, M.: Functional requirement of the Arabidopsis importin-α nuclear transport receptor family in autoimmunity mediated by the NLR protein SNC1. Plant J (2021)

  • Ao, K., Tong, M., Li, L., Lüdke, D., Lipka, V., Chen, S., Wiermer, M. and Li, X.: SCFSNIPER7 controls protein turnover of unfoldase CDC48A to promote plant immunity. NewPhytol (2021)

  • Mohnike, L., Rekhter, D., Huang, W., Feussner, K., Hainan Tian, H., Herrfurth, C.,
    Zhang, Y., and Feussner, I.: The glycosyltransferase UGT76B1 modulates N-hydroxy-pipecolic acid homeostasis and plant immunity. The Plant Cell (2021)


  • Dreischhoff, S., Das, I. S., Jakobi, M., Kasper, K., and Polle, A.: Local Responses and Systemic Induced Resistance Mediated by Ectomycorrhizal Fungi. Frontiers in Plant Science (2020)

  • Budimir, J., K. Treffon, A. Nair, C. Thurow and C. Gatz: Redox-active cysteines in TGACG-BINDING FACTOR 1 (TGA1) do not play a role in salicylic acid- or pathogen-induced expression of TGA1-regulated target genes in Arabidopsis thaliana. New Phytol., doi:10.1111/nph.16614 (2020).

  • Horianopoulos, L., G. Hu, M. Caza, K. Schmitt, P. Overby, J. Johnson, O. Valerius, G.H. Braus and J.W. Kronstad: The Novel J-Domain Protein Mrj1 Is Required for Mitochondrial Respiration and Virulence in Cryptococcus neoformans. mBio 11 (3) e01127-20; doi:10.1128/mBio.01127-20 (2020).

  • Huang W., Y. Wang, X. Li and Y. Zhang: Biosynthesis and regulation of salicylic acid and N-hydroxypipecolic acid in plant immunity. Mol Plant. 13(1):31-41, doi:10.1016/j.molp.2019.12.008 (2020).

  • Leonard, M., A. Kühn, R. Harting, I. Maurus, A. Nagel, J. Starke, H. Kusch, O. Valerius, K. Feussner, I. Feussner, A. Kaever, B. Morgenstern, D. Becher, M. Hecker, S.A. Braus-Strohmeyer, J.W. Kronstad and G.H.Braus: V. longisporum elicits media-dependent secretome responses with a capacity to distinguish between plant-related environments. Frontiers in Microbiology 11, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2020.01876 (2020).

  • Lewandowska, M., Keyl, A. and Feussner, I.: Wax biosynthesis in response to danger: its regulation upon abiotic and biotic stress. New Phytol. 227(3):698-713, doi:10.1111/nph.16571 (2020).

  • Lüdke, D., C. Roth, S.A. Kamrad, J. Messerschmidt, D. Hartken, J. Appel, B.F. Hörnich, Q. Yan, S. Kusch, M. Klenke, A. Gunkel, L. Wirthmueller and M. Wiermer: Functional requirement of the Arabidopsis importin-α nuclear transport receptor family in autoimmunity mediated by the NLR protein SNC1. bioRxiv 2020.05.09.084020, doi:10.1101/2020.05.09.084020 (2020).

  • Schmitz, L., J.W. Kronstad and K. Heimel: Conditional gene expression reveals stage‐specific functions of the unfolded protein response in the Ustilago maydis–maize pathosystem. Molecular Plant Pathology 21: 258-271, doi:10.1111/mpp.12893 (2020).

  • Starke, J., R. Harting, I. Maurus, R. Bremenkamp, J.W. Kronstad and G.H. Braus: Unfolded protein response and scaffold independent pheromone MAP kinase signalling control Verticillium dahliae growth, development and plant pathogenesis. bioRxiv 941450, doi:10.1101/2020.02.10.941450 (2020).

  • Sun, T., J. Huang , Y. Xu , V. Verma , B. Jing , Y. Sun , A. Ruiz Orduna , H. Tian , X. Huang , S. Xia , L. Schafer, R. Jetter, Y. Zhang and X. Li: Redundant CAMTA transcription factors negatively regulate the biosynthesis of salicylic acid and N-hydroxypipecolic acid by modulating the expression of SARD1 and CBP60g. Mol Plant.13(1):144-156, doi:10.1016/j.molp.2019.10.016 (2020).

  • Vishwanathan, K., K. Zienkiewicz, Y. Liu, D. Janz, I. Feussner, A. Polle and C.H. Haney: Ectomycorrhizal fungi induce systemic resistance against insects on a non‐mycorrhizal plant in a CERK1‐dependent manner. New Phytol.,doi:10.1111/nph.16715 (2020).


  • Guzha, A., R. McGee, D. Hartken, P. Scholz, D. Luedke, K. Bauer, M. Wenig, K. Zienkiewicz, I. Feussner, A.C. Vlot, M. Wiermer, G. Haughn, and T. Ischebeck: The cell-wall-localised BETA-XYLOSIDASE 4 contributes to immunity of Arabidopsis against Botrytis cinerea. bioRxiv 851170, doi:10.1101/851170 (2019).

  • Haroth, S., K. Feussner , A.A. Kelly, K. Zienkiewicz, A. Shaikhqasem, C. Herrfurth and I. Feussner: The glycosyltransferase UGT76E1 significantly contributes to 12-O-glucopyranosyl-jasmonic acid formation in wounded Arabidopsis thaliana leaves. J Biol Chem. 294(25):9858-9872, doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.007600 (2019).

  • Horianopoulos, L. C. and J.W. Kronstad: Connecting iron regulation and mitochondrial function in Cryptococcus neoformans. Current Opinions in Microbiology 52, 7-13, doi:10.1016/j.mib.2019.04.002 (2019),

  • Kareem, Z.J.#, L. Su#, A. Rathgeb, A. Sirrenberg, F. Hadacek, A.H.A.H. Rashid and P. Karlovsky: Small scale bioreactor for sterile hydroponics and hairy roots: metabolic diversity and salicylic acid exudation by hairy roots of Hyoscyamus niger. Applied Sciences 9:3044, doi:10.3390/app9153044 (2019). # These authors contributed equally to this work

  • Kretschmer M, D. Damoo, A. Djamei and J. Kronstad: Chloroplasts and Plant Immunity: Where Are the Fungal Effectors? Pathogens 9(1) pii: E19, doi: 10.3390/pathogens9010019 (2019).

  • Li, N., M. Muthreich, L.J. Huang, C. Thurow, T. Sun, Y. Zhang and C. Gatz: TGACG-BINDING FACTORs (TGAs) and TGA-interacting CC-type glutaredoxins modulate hyponastic growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. New Phytol. 221(4):1906-1918, doi: 10.1111/nph.15496 (2019).

  • Liang, W., S. van Wersch, M. Tong and X. Li: TIR‐NB‐LRR immune receptor SOC 3 pairs with truncated TIR‐NB protein CHS 1 or TN 2 to monitor the homeostasis of E3 ligase SAUL. New Phytologist, 221(4), 2054-2066 doi: 10.1111/nph15534(2019).

  • Pinter, N., C.A. Hach, M. Hampel, D. Rekhter, K. Zienkiewicz, I. Feussner, A. Poehlein, R. Daniel, F. Finkernagel and K. Heimel: Signal peptide peptidase activity connects the unfolded protein response to plant defense suppression by Ustilago maydis. PLoS Pathogens 15, e1007734. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007734 (2019).

  • Rekhter, D., D. Lüdke, Y. Ding, K. Feussner, K. Zienkiewicz, V. Lipka, M. Wiermer, Y. Zhang and I. Feussner: Isochorismate-derived biosynthesis of the plant stress hormone salicylic acid. Science 365(6452):498-502 (2019). Link

  • Rekhter, D., L. Mohnike, K. Feussner, K. Zienkiewicz, Y. Zhang and I. Feussner: Enhanced Disease Susceptibility 5 (EDS5) is required for N-hydroxy pipecolic acid formation. bioRxiv 630723, doi:101101/630723 (2019).

  • Resemann, H.C., M. Lewandowska, J. Gömann and I. Feussner: Membrane lipids, waxes and oxylipins in the moss model organism Physcomitrella patens. Plant Cell Physiol. 60, 1166-1175 doi:10.1093/pcp/pcz006 (2019).

  • Schmitz L., M.A. Schwier and K. Heimel: The Unfolded Protein Response Regulates Pathogenic Development of Ustilago maydis by Rok1-Dependent Inhibition of Mating-Type Signaling. mBio 10 (6) e02756-19, doi: 10.1128/mBio.02756-19 (2019).

  • Šola, K., E.J. Gilchrist, D. Ropartz, L. Wang, I. Feussner, S.D. Mansfield, M.C. Ralet and G.W. Haughn: RUBY, a Putative Galactose Oxidase, Influences Pectin Properties and Promotes Cell-To-Cell Adhesion in the Seed Coat Epidermis of Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 31, 809-831, doi:10.1105/tpc.18.00954 (2019).

  • Thulasi Devendrakumar K., C. Copeland and X. Li: The proteasome regulator PTRE1 contributes to the turnover of SNC1 immune receptor. Mol Plant Pathol. 20(11):1566-1573, doi: 10.1111/mpp.12855 (2019).

  • van Wersch, S. and X. Li: Stronger When Together: Clustering of Plant NLR Disease resistance Genes. Trends in Plant Science 24 (8), 665-784, doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2019.05.005 (2019).

  • Xu, Y., M. Vinas, A. Alsarrag, L. Su, K. Pfohl, M. Rohlfs, W. Schäfer and P. Karlovsky: Bis-naphthopyrone pigments protect filamentous ascomycetes from a wide range of predators. Nat Commun. 10(1):3579 doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11377-5(2019).

  • Yu K., Y. Liu, R. Tichelaar, N. Savant, E. Lagendijk, S.J.L. van Kuijk, I.A. Stringlis, A.J.H. van Dijken, C.M.J. Pieterse, P.A.H.M. Bakker, C.H. Haney and R.L. Berendsen: Rhizosphere-Associated Pseudomonas Suppress Local Root Immune Responses by Gluconic Acid-Mediated Lowering of Environmental pH. Current Biology 29 (22) 3913-3920, doi:10.1016/j.cub2019.09.015 (2019).


  • Bairwa, G., M. Caza, L. Horianopoulos, G. Hu and J. Kronstad: Role of clathrin‐mediated endocytosis in the use of heme and hemoglobin by the fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Cellular microbiology 6:e12961 doi: 10.1111/cmi.12961 (2018).

  • Behar, H., S.W. Graham and H. Brumer: Comprehensive cross-genome survey and phylogeny of glycoside hydrolase family 16 members reveals the evolutionary origin of EG16 and XTH proteins in plant lineages. Plant Journal 95(6), 1114-1128, doi:10.1111/tpj.14004 (2018).

  • Bui, T., R. Harting, S.A. Braus‐Stromeyer V. Tran, M. Leonard, A. Höfer, A. Abelmann, F. Bakti, O. Valerius, R. Schlüter, C.E. Stanley, A. Ambrósio and G.H. Braus: Verticillium dahliae transcription factors Som1 and Vta3 control microsclerotia formation and sequential steps of plant root penetration and colonisation to induce disease. New Phytol., 221(4):2138-2159, doi:10.1111/nph.15514 (2018).

  • Cho, M., G. Hu, M. Caza, L.C. Horianopoulos, J.W. Kronstad and W.H. Jung: Vacuolar zinc transporter Zrc1 is required for detoxification of excess intracellular zinc in the human fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Journal of Microbiology 56(1), 65-71, doi:10.1007/s12275-018-7475-y (2018).

  • Ding, H., M. Caza, Y. Dong, A.A. Arif, L.C. Horianopoulos, G. Hu, P. Johnson and J.W. Kronstad: ATG genes influence the virulence of Cryptococcus neoformans through contributions beyond core autophagy functions. Infection and immunity 86(9) e00069-18, doi: 10.1128/IAI.00069-18 (2018).

  • Ding, Y. #, T. Sun#, K. Ao, Y.X. Zhang, X. Li and Y. Zhang: Opposite roles of salicylic acid receptors NPR1 and NPR3/NPR4 in transcriptional regulation of plant immunity. Cell 173 (6) 1454-1467, doi:10.1016/j.cell2018.03.044 (2018). #These authors contributed equally to this work

  • Dong, O., K. Ao, F. Xu, K. Johnson, Y. Wu, L. Li, Y. Liu, Y. Huang, E. Rodriguez, X. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Zhang, M. Petersen and X. Li: Individual components of paired typical NLR immune receptors are regulated by distinct E3 ligases. Nature Plant 4, 699-710, doi:10.1038/s41477-018-0216-8 (2018).

  • Horianopoulos, L.C., C.K. Boone, G.G. Samarasekera, G.K. Kandola and B.W. Murray: Selection of the sex‐linked inhibitor of apoptosis in mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) driven by enhanced expression during early overwintering. Ecology and Evolution. 8(12), 6253-6264, doi:10,1002/ece3.4164 (2018).

  • Kaling, M., A. Schmidt, F. Moritz, M. Rosenkranz, M. Witting, K. Kasper, D. Janz, P. Schmitt-Kopplin, J.P. Schnitzler and A. Polle: Mycorrhiza-triggered transcriptomic and metabolomic networks impinge on herbivore fitness. Plant Physiology 176: 2639-2656, doi:10.1104/pp.17.01810 (2018).

  • Lüdke, D., C. Roth, D. Hartken and M. Wiermer: MOS6 and TN13 in plant immunity. Plant Signal. Behav.13: e1454816, doi:10.1080/15592324.2018.1454816 (2018).

  • Schmitz, L., S. McCotter, M. Kretschmer, J.W. Kronstad and K. Heimel: Transcripts and tumors: regulatory and metabolic programming during biotrophic phytopathogenesis. F1000Research 7(F1000 Faculty Rev):1812, doi:10.12688/f1000research.16404.1(2018).

  • Sun, T., L. Busta, Q. Zhang, P. Ding, R. Jetter and Y. Zhang:TGACG-BINDING FACTOR 1 (TGA1) and TGA4 Regulate Salicylic Acid and Pipecolic Acid Biosynthesis by Modulating the Expression of SYSTEMIC ACQUIRED RESISTANCE DEFICIENT 1 (SARD1) and CALMODULIN-BINDING PROTEIN 60g (CBP60g). New Phytologist 217(1):344-354, doi:10.1111/nph.14780 (2018).

  • Wu, D., Y. Liu, F. Xu and Y. Zhang: Differential requirement of BAK1 C-terminal tail in development and immunity. J Integr Plant Biol 60:270-275, doi:10.1111/jipb.12623 (2018).


  • Dean, G.H., Z.Q. Jin, L. Shi, E. Esfandiari, R. McGee, K. Nabata, T. Lee, L. Kunst, T.L. Western and G.W. Haughn: Identification of a seed coat-specific promoter fragment from the Arabidopsis MUCILAGE-MODIFIED4 gene. Plant Mol Biol 95:33–50, doi:10.1007/s11103-017-0631-7 (2017).

  • He, Z., T. Huang, K. Ao, X. Yan, and Y. Huang: Sumoylation, phosphorylation, and acetylation fine-tune the turnover of plant immunity components mediated by ubiquitination. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 1682, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01682 (2017).

  • Johnson K.C., Zhao J., Wu Z., Roth C., Lipka V., Wiermer M., Li X.: The putative kinase substrate MUSE7 negatively impacts the accumulation of NLR proteins. Plant J. 89(6):1174-1183, doi:10,1111/tpj.13454 (2017)

  • Tong, M., T. Kotur, W. Liang, K. Vogelmann, T. Kleine, D. Leiste, C. Brieske, S. Yang, D. Lüdke, M. Wiermer, Y. Zhang, X. Li and S. Hoth: E3 ligase SAUL1 serves as a positive regulator of PAMP-triggered immunity and its homeostasis is monitored by immune receptor SOC3. New Phytol. 215(4):1516-1532, doi:10.1111/nph.14678 (2017).

  • Roth, C. #, D. Lüdke#, M. Klenke, A. Quathamer, O. Valerius, G.H. Braus and M. Wiermer: The truncated NLR protein TIR-NBS13 is a MOS6/IMPORTIN-α3 interaction partner required for plant immunity. Plant J 92, 808-821doi:10,111/tpj.13717 (2017). #These authors contributed equally to this work