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Geography (B.A.) (2 subjects/teacher training)

An interdisciplinary view of mankind, the environment and the region: The subject of Geography critically debates the current issues of society and the environment and investigates them in their geographical relationships – from a local to a global scale. In addition, students will learn the essentials of providing geographical subject knowledge in schools as well as in further education. The subject of Geography can be combined with six subjects.

Subject: Geography (B.A.) (2 subjects/teacher training)
Degree: Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
Standard period of study: 6 semesters
Start of programme: winter semester only


  • 1st subject semester: limited admission (application to the University)
  • 2nd to 6th subject semester: limited admission (application to the University)
  • International applicants (non-EU): limited admission (application to International Student Services)

Course description
Graduates of the 2-subject Bachelor's programme Geography have acquired extensive knowledge about the current state of human-geographical and physical-geographical research, and the respective specialist literature and methodology. They also know the basic approaches of the didactics of geography and the related research, and are able to grasp them. The graduates have gone beyond the frame of the subject as they have set priorities with respect to their future professions by using the different choices within the programme on their own authority.

The subject in Göttingen: study or research focus
Since the founding of the University (1734/37), geography has been taught in Göttingen, initially by teachers belonging to different subject areas. In a narrower sense, Johann M. Franz was appointed as the Professor for Geography as early as 1755, and in 1855, Johann E. Wappäus became the first Professor for Scientific Geography and Ethnography, or for Regional Studies and Regional Statistics respectively. In 1880, Hermann Wagner founded the Geographical Apparatus, thus laying the foundation for today's Institute of Geography. The institute consists of the following departments, which correspond to the main sub-areas of the subject Geography: Physical Geography, Countryside Ecology, Human Geography, as well as Cartography, GIS and Remote Sensing. Furthermore, the working group Geography/Alpine Geomorphology and the junior professorship Soil Geography and Ecology are part of the institute. The Institute for Geography belongs to the Faculty for Geosciences, but it is also represented at the Faculty of Humanities by the Department of Cultural and Social Geography.
Due to the institutional structure, we are able to take into account the problem of recording the manifold factors influencing spatial development: The geographical research in Göttingen deals with the components of the human environment, their different factors, their spatial arrangement and their interconnections, especially the interactions between humans and the environment. Thus, the main focus of teaching and research is the analysis and the development of strategies to solve urgent problems of the present and the future, such as climate change, urbanisation, scarcity of water, ethnic conflicts, deforestation, desertification etc. To take into consideration the system "Man/Environment" in its entirety, we take a natural-scientific (Physical Geography) and a cultural-scientific, social-scientific, and economic approach (Anthropogeography) respectively, additionally using the methods and insights of the relevant minor subjects.

Language requirements
Flawless command of the spoken and written German language is a precondition. Sound knowledge of foreign languages, such as English, is strongly recommended.

Programme structure
Core curriculum (66 C)
Compulsory modules (54 C): Base module M21: Introduction to the Geosystem Earth 9 C, Base module Mo7: Anthropogeography 7 C, Base module M 16: General Geography 6 C, Base module M03: Cartography 6 C, Base module M05: Physiogeography (relief and soil) 9 C, Base module M22: Applied Geography 5 C, [hier fehlt Art des Moduls] M23: Introduction to Non-school Didactics 3 C, Build-up module M25: Field work course 9 C

Optional modules (12 C)
Modules M17 + M19 or M18 + M20 must be combined.
Build-up module M19: Countryside Ecology - Analysis and Evaluation 6 C, Build-up module M17: Research on Physiogeographical Processes 6 C, Build-up module M18: Cultural Analysis of Regions 6 C, Build-up module M20: Economic Analysis of Regions 6 C

Compulsory optional modules (teacher training)
M24: Introduction to the Didactics of Geography 3 C (competence to communicate content in schools)

Voluntary additional examination
M04: The Basics of Geography-related Computer Sciences 10 C

Preconditions for admission to writing the Bachelor's thesis
At least 48 credits must be earned in Geography, including all base modules (42 C) and at least 6 credits from the build-up modules.

Combination of subjects
Within the frame of a Bachelor's programme, in general the following subjects can be selected:
German, English, French, Latin, Mathematics and Spanish;
Biology (X), Chemistry (X), Geography, Protestant Religion, History, Ancient Greek, Computer Sciences (only combined with Mathematics), Philosophy, Physics (X), Political Sciences, Russian, Physical Education, and Norms and Values.

Within the frame of a Bachelor's programme, there are no special regulations regarding the combination of subjects.
However, if you are studying to become a teacher at a Gymnasium/grammar school, you must observe the following rules:
The first six subjects listed can be combined with each other or any of the other subjects; two subjects marked with an (X) can be combined. The Master's programme "Education" will only cater to these combinations. Computer Sciences can only be selected in combination with Mathematics.

Gymnasium/grammar school teacher