GISCA Occasional Paper Series
The Göttingen Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology (GISCA) Occasional Paper Series publishes excellent student theses, current research findings of the institute's researching and teaching staff as well as outstanding talks at our institute's colloquium.
GISCA No.23, 2019
"Alles nicht so rosig. Nachbarschaft und Ressourcenkonflikte in der Naivasharegion, Kenia"
The region around Lake Naivasha is the most important cultivation area for cut-flowers in Kenya. However, there are also other important economic sectors in Naivasha, such as tourism, fishing and geothermal energy production. Together with the cut-flower industry they are competing for scarce resources such as water, land and wildlife as well as the future design of the region. Moreover, with the construction of an industry park and a dry port in the region, the national government has its own plans for the economic development of Naivasha. Using the global neighborhood approach of Echi Gabbert and Pierre Bourdieu’s field and capital theory, this paper explores the various actors and stakeholders, identifies their neighborly relationships and their different positions of power. It is argued that in Naivasha neighborhood means primarily competition and insecurity and that stakeholders can assert their own interests and visions only through skillful accumulation and deployment of various types of capital, be they economic, social, cultural or symbolic.
GISCA No.22, 2019
"Das Konvolut Leonhard Schultze Jena - Eine kolonialzeitliche Spurensuche in der Ethnologischen Sammlung Göttingen"
The Ethnological Collection of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen includes a number of objects bought from the German zoologist, ethnologist and geographer Leonhard Schultze Jena (1872-1955) from 1937 onwards. He collected these objects during his extensive research expeditions at the beginning of the 20th century in the former colonies of German New Guinea and German South-West Africa. This work poses the question of how these objects came to Germany and what interests led the research activities of their collector. Schultze Jena’s publications show both his relations and attitudes to the indigenous population and to the colonial administration. Through the analysis of his publications it is shown how the practice of ethnographic collecting and colonialism as ideology and system are interwoven at a more general level.
GISCA No.21, 2018
"Migration und Identität - Die Rapanui und ihre Migrationserfahrungen"
Migration is a current and important topic worldwide. As well for the Rapanui who live on the edge of the Polynesian triangle in the middle of the Pacific on Rapa Nui, better known as Easter Island. Based on an ethnographic fieldwork on Rapa Nui, this study examines the migration experiences of Rapanui and their impact on their identity. In particular, the focus is lying on migration for education and work purposes as well as the return to the island. Young Rapanui or so-called mestizos (literally translated as person of mixed parentage, mestizos), children with a Rapanui and a parent of another nationality, grow up in the context of political, cultural and social change. The identity of Rapanui moves within these various contexts. Especially the cultural and ethnic identity as well as the language Rapanui play an important role for their identity constructions and sense of belonging. It is argued that demarcation and negotiation processes take place during migration and after returning to the island, and that migration experiences can affect the identity of the Rapanui and can lead to identity shifts or reinforcements whereupon individual and contextual circumstances have to be taken into account.