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Geography (B.A.) (2 subjects/teacher training)


An interdisciplinary view of mankind, the environment and the region: The subject of Geography critically debates the current issues of society and the environment and investigates them in their geographical relationships – from a local to a global scale. In addition, students will learn the essentials of providing geographical subject knowledge in schools as well as in further education.

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) (2 subjects/teaching profession)
Standard period of study:
6 semesters
Only the winter semester
Language of the programme:
restricted admission (application to the University)
Orientation events:
at the beginn of your studies orientation events are offered

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Workgroup for Geography Education

Projects at the Institute of Geography

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Studienberatung & Infoangebot


Graduates of the 2-subject Bachelor's programme Geography have acquired extensive knowledge about the current state of human-geographical and physical-geographical research, and the respective specialist literature and methodology. They also know the basic approaches of the didactics of geography and the related research, and are able to grasp them. The graduates have gone beyond the frame of the subject as they have set priorities with respect to their future professions by using the different choices within the programme on their own authority.

Since the founding of the University (1734/37), geography has been taught in Göttingen, initially by teachers belonging to different subject areas. In a narrower sense, Johann M. Franz was appointed as the Professor for Geography as early as 1755, and in 1855, Johann E. Wappäus became the first Professor for Scientific Geography and Ethnography, or for Regional Studies and Regional Statistics respectively. In 1880, Hermann Wagner founded the Geographical Apparatus, thus laying the foundation for today's Institute of Geography. The institute consists of the following departments, which correspond to the main sub-areas of the subject Geography: Physical Geography, Countryside Ecology, Human Geography, as well as Cartography, GIS and Remote Sensing. Furthermore, the working group Geography/Alpine Geomorphology and the junior professorship Soil Geography and Ecology are part of the institute. The Institute for Geography belongs to the Faculty for Geosciences, but it is also represented at the Faculty of Humanities by the Department of Cultural and Social Geography.

Due to the institutional structure, we are able to take into account the problem of recording the manifold factors influencing spatial development: The geographical research in Göttingen deals with the components of the human environment, their different factors, their spatial arrangement and their interconnections, especially the interactions between humans and the environment. Thus, the main focus of teaching and research is the analysis and the development of strategies to solve urgent problems of the present and the future, such as climate change, urbanisation, scarcity of water, ethnic conflicts, deforestation, desertification etc. To take into consideration the system "Man/Environment" in its entirety, we take a natural-scientific (Physical Geography) and a cultural-scientific, social-scientific, and economic approach (Anthropogeography) respectively, additionally using the methods and insights of the relevant minor subjects.

Flawless command of the spoken and written German language is a precondition. Sound knowledge of foreign languages, such as English, is strongly recommended.

If you are studying to become a teacher at a Gymnasium and want to apply for the subsequent Master's programme in Education in Lower Saxony, the subject Geography should be combined with one of the following subjects:

German, English, French, Latin, Mathematics, Physics or Spanish.

Other subject combinations (PDF; in German) must be applied for.

Gymnasium/grammar school teacher

Related and consecutive/graduate programmes


In the two-subject Bachelor's programme, two subjects are studied on equal terms.

A total of 180 credits are earned for the Bachelor's degree Bachelor of Arts (B.A.).

The two subjects each account for 66 credits. The teaching profession profile accounts for 36 credits.

Core curriculum in Geography (66 C)

  • Compulsory modules (54 C): Base module M21: Introduction to the Geosystem Earth 9 C, Base module Mo7: Anthropogeography 7 C, Base module M 16: General Geography 6 C, Base module M03: Cartography 6 C, Base module M05: Physiogeography (relief and soil) 9 C, Base module M22: Applied Geography 5 C, M23: Introduction to Non-school Didactics 3 C, Build-up module M25: Field work course 9 C

  • Optional modules (12 C)

    Modules M17 + M19 or M18 + M20 must be combined.

    Build-up module M19: Countryside Ecology - Analysis and Evaluation 6 C, Build-up module M17: Research on Physiogeographical Processes 6 C, Build-up module M18: Cultural Analysis of Regions 6 C, Build-up module M20: Economic Analysis of Regions 6 C

  • Compulsory optional modules (teacher training)

    M24: Introduction to the Didactics of Geography 3 C (competence to communicate content in schools)

  • Voluntary additional examination

    M04: The Basics of Geography-related Computer Sciences 10 C

The teaching profession profile is divided into the following areas:

  • Didactics (6 C)
  • Educational Sciences and internships (20 C)
  • Electives (10 C)

Regulations and module directory

Combination of subjects for the teaching profession

Some combinations of subjects with Geography must be approved:


Winter semester only
1st subject semester:
restricted admission (application to the University)
2nd to 6th subject semester:
restricted admission (application to the University)

Non-German citizens without a German educational qualification

Citizen from a non-EU country (or stateless person)


Study and examination advising

Dr. Robert Weber
Goldschmidtstr. 5
37077 Göttingen

Phone. +49 551 39 28010

Consultation hours
Programme Homepage

Academic Advising

Dr. Tobias Reeh
Goldschmidtstr. 5
37077 Göttingen

Tel. +49 551 39 28074
Fax. +49 551 39 12140

Area of professionalisation and teaching profession

Studiendekanat Lehrer*innenbildung
Waldweg 26
DE-37073 Göttingen