Publications of Functional Agrobiodiversity & Agroecology

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Ocampo-Ariza, C., Hanf-Dressler, T., Maas, B., Novoa-Cova, J., Thomas, E., Vansynghel, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Tscharntke, T. (2024). Regional differences of functional and taxonomic bird diversity in tropical agroforests of Peru. Conservation Science and Practice

Tscharntke, T., Batáry, P., Grass, I. (2024). Mixing on- and off-field measures for biodiversity conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution

Raveloaritiana, E., Tscharntke, T., Martin, D. A., Wurz, A., Osen, K., Soazafy, M. R., Vorontsova, M. S., Kreft, H., Rakouth, B., Grass, I. (2024). Land-use intensity and relatedness to native plants promote exotic plant invasion in a tropical biodiversity hotspot. Journal of Applied Ecology 2664.14657

Wenzel, A., Westphal, C. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T.) (2024). Balancing economic and ecological functions in smallholder and industrial oil palm plantations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Rasmussen, L.V. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T.) (2024) Joint environmental and social benefits from diversified agriculture. Science, Vol. 384, No. 6691

Trueman, S.J. et al. (incl. Kämper, W.) (2024) High Outcrossing Levels among Global Macadamia Cultivars: Implications for Nut Quality, Orchard Designs and Pollinator Management. Horticulturae

Potapov, A.M. et al. (incl. Darras, K., Wenzel, A., Janotta, N., Westphal, C., Tscharntke, T.) (2024). Rainforest transformation reallocates energy from green to brown food webs. Nature

Priyadarshana, T.S. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T.) (2024) Crop and landscape heterogeneity increase biodiversity in agricultural landscapes: A global review and meta-analysis. Ecology Letters

Rosa-Schleich, J., Loos, J., Ferrante, M., Mußhoff, O., Tscharntke, T. (2024) Mixed farmers' perception of the ecological-economic performance of diversified farming. Ecological Economics

Kernecker M., Felipe-Lucia M., Westphal C. & Hass A. (2024). Biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural systems: field to landscape-scale management for biodiversity-yield synergies. Basic and Applied Ecology

Ferrante, M., Schulze, M., Westphal, C. (2024). Hedgerows can increase predation rates in wheat fields in homogeneous agricultural landscapes. Journal of Environmental Management

Riggi, L.G.A. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2024). Early-season mass-flowering crop cover dilutes wild bee abundance and species richness in temperate regions: A quantitative synthesis. Journal of Applied Ecology,

Boetzl, F.A. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T.) 2024. Distance functions of carabids in crop fields depend on functional traits, crop type and adjacent habitat: a synthesis. Proceedings of the Royal Society.

Zemp, D.C. et al. (incl. Arimond, I., Tscharntke, T.) (2023). Tree islands enhance biodiversity and functioning in oil palm landscapes. Nature 618, 316–321.

Schlund M., Wenzel A. Camarretta N., Stiegler C. & Erasmi S. (2023). Vegetation canopy height estimation in dynamic tropical landscapes with TanDEM-X supported by GEDI data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 1639-1656,

Marcacci, G., Westphal, C., Rao, V.S., Kumar S., S., Tharini, K.B., Belavadi, V.V. et al. (2023) Urbanization alters the spatiotemporal dynamics of plant–pollinator networks in a tropical megacity. Ecology Letters, 00, 1–12.

Kämper, W., Nichols, J., Tran, T.D., Burwell, C.J., Byrnes, S., Trueman, S.J. (2023) Flower Visitors, Levels of Cross-Fertilisation, and Pollen-Parent Effects on Fruit Quality in Mango Orchards. Agronomy 2023, 13, 2568.

Marcacci, G., Devy, S., Wenzel, A., Rao, V.S., Kumar S., S., Nölke, N., Belavadi, V.V., Tscharntke, T., Grass, I. & Westphal, C. (2023). Direct and indirect effects of urbanization, pesticides and wild insect pollinators on mango yield. Journal of Applied Ecology,

Bouarakia O., Anders M., Linden V.M.G., Grass I., Westphal C., Taylor P.J. & Foord S.H. (2023). Reduced macadamia nut quality is linked to wetter growing seasons but mitigated at higher elevations. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 12, 100569,

Hapuarachchi, N.S., Trueman, S.J., Kämper, W., Farrar, M.B., Wallace, H.M., Nichols, J., Bai, S.H. (2023). Hyperspectral Imaging of Adaxial and Abaxial Leaf Surfaces for Rapid Assessment of Foliar Nutrient Concentrations in Hass Avocado. Remote Sens,

Vansynghel, J., Thomas, E., Ocampo Ariza, C., Maas, B., Ulloque-Samatelo, C., Zhang, D., Tscharntke, T., Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2023). Cross-pollination with native genotypes improves fruit set and yield quality of Peruvian cacao. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 357, 108671.

Wenzel, A., Grass, I., Raj, V., Nölke, N., Subramanya, S., Tscharntke, T., (2023). High losses of farmland birds and potential biocontrol along an urbanization gradient in a tropical megacity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 354, 108571.

Iddris, N.A.-A. et al. (incl. Wenzel, A., Tscharntke, T.) (2023). Mechanical weeding enhances ecosystem multifunctionality and profit in industrial oil palm. Nature Sustainability 1–13.

Ocampo Ariza, C., Vansynghel, J., Bertleff, D., Maas, B., Schumacher, N., Ulloque-Samatelo, C., Yovera, F.Y., Thomas, E., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Tscharntke, T. (2023). Birds and bats enhance cacao yield despite suppressing arthropod mesopredation. Ecological Applications,

Mphethe V., Weier S., Westphal C., Linden B., Swanepoel L., Parker D. & Taylor P. (2023). Epauletted fruit bats prefer native plants and contribute to seed dispersal in a South African agricultural landscape. African Journal of Ecology,

Anders, M., Grass, I., Linden, V. M. G., Taylor, P. J., Westphal C. (2023). Smart orchard design improves crop pollination. Journal of applied Ecology,

Ocampo-Ariza, C. et al. (incl. Anders, M., Arimond, I., Marcacci, G., Tscharntke, T., Westphal C.) (2023). Global South leadership towards inclusive tropical ecology and conservation. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

Neyret M., Peter S. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2023). Landscape management strategies for multifunctionality and social equity. Nature Sustainability

Kirsch, F., Hass, A. L., Link, W., Westphal, C., (2023). Intercrops as foraging habitats for bees: Bees do not prefer sole legume crops over legume-cereal mixtures. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 343, 28 February 2023, 108268

Tscharntke T., Grass I., Wanger T.C., Westphal C. & Batáry P. (2022). Prioritise the most effective measures for biodiversity-friendly agriculture. Trends in Ecology & Evolution

Tscharntke, T., Ocampo-Ariza, C., Vansynghel, J., Ivañez-Ballesteros, B., Aycart, P., Rodriguez, L., Ramirez, M., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Maas, B., Thomas, E. (2022). Socio-ecological benefits of fine-flavor cacao in its center of origin. Conservation Letters

Le Provost, G., Schenk, N.V., Penone, C., Thiele, J., Westphal, C. et al. (2022). The supply of multiple ecosystem services requires biodiversity across spatial scales. Nature Ecology & Evolution.

Vansynghel, J., Ocampo-Ariza, C., Maas, B., Martin, E. A., Thomas, E., Hanf-Dressler, T., Schumacher, N.-C., Ulloque-Samatelo, C. , Fredy F., Yovera, F. F., Tscharntke, T., Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2022). Quantifying services and disservices provided by insects and vertebrates in cacao agroforestry landscapes Royal Society Publishing, Proc. R. Soc. B 289: 20221309,

Gardein, H., Fabian, Y., Westphal, C., Tscharntke, T., Hass, A. (2022). Ground-nesting bees prefer bare ground areas on calcareous grasslands. Global Ecology and Conservation, e02289

Olhnuud, A., Liu, Y., Makowski, D., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C., Wu, P., Wang, M., van der Werf, W. (2022). Pollination deficits and contributions of pollinators in apple production: A global meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 0, 1–11.

Steinhübel, L., Wenzel, A., Hulamani, P., von Cramon-Taubadel, S., Mason, N.M., (2022). Effects of local farm management on wild bees through temporal and spatial spillovers: evidence from Southern India. Landscape Ecology,

Marcacci, G., Grass, I., Rao, V. S., Kumar, S. S., Tharini, K. B., Belavadi, V., Nölke, N., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C. (2022). Functional Diversity of Farmland Bees across Rural–Urban Landscapes in a Tropical Megacity. Ecological Applications e2699.

Beyer, N., Gabriel, D., Westphal, C. (2022). Landscape composition modifies pollinator densities, foraging behavior and yield formation in faba beans. Basic and Applied Ecology 61, 30-40,

Schlund, M., Wenzel, A., Camarretta, N., Stiegler, C., Erasmi, S., (2022). Vegetation canopy height estimation in dynamic tropical landscapes with TanDEM-X supported by GEDI data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution,

Vansynghel, J., Ocampo-Ariza, C., Maas, B., Martin, E. A. , Thomas, E., Hanf-Dressler, T., Schumacher, N.-C., Ulloque-Samatelo, C., Tscharntke, T., Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2022). Cacao flower visitation: Low pollen deposition, low fruit set and dominance of herbivores. Ecological Solutions and Evidence,

Herrera Krings, C., Darras, K., Hass, A., Batáry, P., Fabian, Y. (2022). Not only hedgerows, but also flower fields can enhance bat activity in intensively used agricultural landscapes. Basic and Applied Ecology 63, 1-13,

Wenzel, A., Grass, I., Nölke, N., Pannure, A., Tscharntke, T., (2022). Wild bees benefit from low urbanization levels and suffer from pesticides in a tropical megacity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 336, 108019.

Carneiro de Melo Moura, C., Setyaningsih, C.A., Li, K., Merk, M.S., Schulze, S., Raffiudin, R., Grass, I., Behling, H., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C. & Gailing, O. (2022). Biomonitoring via DNA metabarcoding and light microscopy of bee pollen in rainforest transformation landscapes of Sumatra. BMC Ecology and Evolution, 22, 51.

Marcacci, G., Gremion, J., Mazenauer, J., Sori, T., Kebede, F., Ewnetu, M., Christe, P., Arlettaz, R. & Jacot, A. (2022). High semi-natural vegetation cover and heterogeneity of field sizes promote bird beta-diversity at larger scales in Ethiopian Highlands. Journal of Applied Ecology, 00, 1–12.

Müller, S., Gossner, M.M., Penone, C., Jung, K., Renner, S.C., Farina, A., Anhäuser, L., Ayasse, M., Boch, S., Haensel, F., Heitzmann, J., Kleinn, C., Magdon, P., Perović, D.J., Pieretti, N., Shaw, T., Steckel, J., Tschapka, M., Vogt, J., Westphal, C. & Scherer- Lorenzen, M. (2022). Land-use intensity and landscape structure drive the acoustic composition of grasslands. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 328, 107845.

Neyret, M., Fischer, M., Allan, E., Hölzel, N., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Krauss, J., Le Provost, G., Peter, S., Schenk, N., Simons, N.K., van der Plas, F., Binkenstein, J., Börschig, C., Jung, K., Prati, D., Schäfer, D., Schäfer, M., Schöning, I., Schrumpf, M., Tschapka, M., Westphal, C. & Manning, P. (2022). Assessing the impact of grassland management on landscape multifunctionality. Ecosystem Services, 52, 101366.

Tscharntke, T., Grass, I., Wanger, T.C., Westphal, C. & Batáry, P. (2022). Restoring biodiversity needs more than reducing pesticides. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 37, 115-116.

Scherreiks, P. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2022). Present and historical landscape structure shapes current species richness in Central European grasslands. Landscape Ecology,

Schweiger, S., Beyer, N., Hass, A. L., Westphal, C. (2022). Pollen and landscape diversity as well as wax moth depredation determine reproductive success of bumblebees in agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 326, 10778,

Le Provost, G., Thiele, J., Westphal, C. et al. (2021). Contrasting responses of above- and belowground diversity to multiple components of land-use intensity. Nature Communications, 12, 3918.

Perović, D.J., Gámez-Virués, S., Landis, D.A., Tscharntke, T., Zalucki, M.P., Saura, S., Furlong, M.J., Desneux, N., Sciarretta, A., Balkenhol, N., Schmidt, J.M., Trematerra, P. & Westphal, C. (2021). Chapter Three - Broadening the scope of empirical studies to answer persistent questions in landscape-moderated effects on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Advances in Ecological Research (eds. Bohan, D.A., Dumbrell, A.J. & Vanbergen, A.J.). Academic Press, pp. 109-131.

Camarretta, N., Ehbrecht, M., Seidel, D., Wenzel, A., Zuhdi, M., Merk, M.S., Schlund, M., Erasmi, S., Knohl, A. (2021). Using Airborne Laser Scanning to Characterize Land-Use Systems in a Tropical Landscape Based on Vegetation Structural Metrics. Remote Sensing 13, 4794.

Herbertson et al. (incl. Hass, A.L.) (2021). Bees increase seed set of wild plants while the proportion of arable land has variable effects on pollination in European agricultural landscapes, Plant Ecology and Evolution. Plant, Ecology and Evolution, Vol 154, No 3,

Gremion, G., Marcacci, G., Mazenauer, J., Sori, T., Kebede, F., Ewnetu, M., Christe, P., Arlettaz, R., & Jacot, A. (2021). Habitat preferences of the Ortolan Bunting (Emberiza hortulana) in its prime wintering grounds, the cereal-dominated Ethiopian Highlands. Ibis,

Marcacci, G., Westphal, C., Wenzel, A., Raj, V., Nölke, N., Tscharntke, T., & Grass, I. (2021). Taxonomic and functional homogenization of farmland birds along an urbanization gradient in a tropical megacity. Global Change Biology,

Tscharntke, T., Grass, I., Wanger, T.C., Westphal, C. (2021). Beyond organic farming – harnessing biodiversity-friendly landscapes. Trends in Ecology & Evolution,

Beyer, N., Gabriel, D., Westphal, C. (2021). Contrasting effects of past and present mass-flowering crop cultivation on bee pollinators shaping yield components in oilseed rape. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 319, 107537,

Beyer, N., Kirsch, F., Gabriel, D., Westphal, C. (2021). Identity of mass-flowering crops moderates functional trait composition of pollinator communities Landscape Ecology,

Hutchinson, L.A. et al. (incl. Brünjes, L., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2021). Using ecological and field survey data to establish a national list of the wild bee pollinators of crops. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 315, 107447.

Rötter, R.P. et al. (incl. Westphal, C., Anders, M.) (2021). Modeling the multi-functionality of African savanna landscapes under global change. Land Degradation & Development, 32, 2077-2081.

Fried, O., Westphal, C., Schellenberg, J., Grescho, V., Kühn, I., Van Sinh, N., Settele, J. & Bergmeier, E. (2021). Vascular plant species diversity in Southeast Asian rice ecosystems is determined by climate and soil conditions as well as the proximity of non-paddy habitats. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 314, 107346.

Senapathi, al. (incl. Bänsch, S., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.)(2021). Wild insect diversity increases inter-annual stability in global crop pollinator communities. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288, 20210212.

Piko, J., Keller, A., Geppert, C., Batáry, P., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C. & Hass, A.L. (2021). Effects of three flower field types on bumblebees and their pollen diets. Basic and Applied Ecology.

Wu, P., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C., Wang, M., Olhnuud, A., Xu, H. et al. (2021). Bee abundance and soil nitrogen availability interactively modulate apple quality and quantity in intensive agricultural landscapes of China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 305, 107168,

Bänsch, S., Tscharntke, T., Gabriel, D., Westphal, C. (2020) Crop pollination services: Complementary resource use by social vs solitary bees facing crops with contrasting flower supply. Journal of Applied Ecology. 2020;00:1–10.

Bänsch, S., Tscharntke, T., Wünschiers, R., Netter, L., Brenig, B., Gabriel, D., Westphal, C. (2020). Using ITS2 metabarcoding and microscopy to analyse shifts in pollen diets of honey bees and bumble bees along a mass‐flowering crop gradient. Molecular Ecology. 2020;00:1–16,

Beyer, N., Gabriel, D., Kirsch, F., Schulz-Kersting, K., Dauber, J., Westphal, C. (2020). Functional groups of wild bees respond differently to faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivation at landscape scale Journal of Applied Ecology,

Leidenfrost, R.M., Bänsch, S., Prudnikow, L., Brenig, B., Westphal, C.& Wünschiers, R. (2020). Analyzing the Dietary Diary of Bumble Bee. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11.

Harvey, A. J., Heinen, R., Armbrecht, I. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2020). International scientists formulate a roadmap for insect conservation and recovery Nature Ecology & Evolution, doi:10.1038/s41559-019-1079-8

Bänsch, S., Tscharntke, T., Ratnieks, F.L.W., Härtel, S., Westphal, C. (2020). Foraging of honey bees in agricultural landscapes with changing patterns of flower resources Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Volume 291, 106792,

Geppert, C., Hass, A. L., Földesi, R., Donkó, B., Akter, A., Tscharntke, T., and Batáry, P. (2020). Agri-environment schemes enhance pollinator richness and abundance but bumblebee reproduction depends on field size. Journal of Applied Ecology 57:1818–1828,

Alignier, A., et al. (incl. Hass, A., T. Tscharntke) (2020). Configurational crop heterogeneity increases within-field plant diversity. Journal of Applied Ecology 57:654–663,

Marcacci, G., Gremion, J., Mazenauer, J., Sori, T., Kebede, F., Ewnetu, M., Christe, P., Arlettaz, R., Jacot, A. (2019) Large-scale versus small-scale agriculture: Disentangling the relative effects of the farming system and semi-natural habitats on birds’ habitat preferences in the Ethiopian highlands, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment Volume 289, 106737,

Dainese, M., Martin, E.A., Aizen, M.A., Albrecht, M., Bartomeus, I., Bommarco, R. et al. (including Tscharntke, T., Baensch, S., Westphal, C.) (2019) A global synthesis reveals biodiversity-mediated benefits for crop production. Science Advances, 5, eaax0121, DOI:10.1126/sciadv.aax0121

Wu, P., Axmacher, J.C., Li, X., Song, X., Yu, Z., Xu, H., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C., Liu, Y. (2019) Contrasting effects of natural shrubland and plantation forests on bee assemblages at neighboring apple orchards in Beijing, China, Biological Conservation, Volume 237, September 2019, Pages 456-462

Neff, F., Blüthgen, N., Chisté, M.N., Simons., N.K., Steckel, J., Weisser, W.W., Westphal, C., Pellissier, L., Gossner, M.M. (2019) Cross-scale effects of land use on the functional composition of herbivorous insect communities, Landscape Ecology, August 2019, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 2001–2015,

Grass, I., Loos, J., Baensch, S., Batáry, P., Librán‐Embid, F., Ficiciyan, A., Klaus, F., Riechers, M., Rosa, J., Tiede, J., Udy, K., Westphal, C., Wurz, A., Tscharntke, T. (2019) Land-sharing/-sparing connectivity landscapes for ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation. People and Nature, 0

Castle, D., Grass, I. & Westphal, C. (2019) Fruit quantity and quality of strawberries benefit from enhanced pollinator abundance at hedgerows in agricultural landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 275, 14-22.

van der Plas, F., Allan, E., Fischer, M., Alt, F. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2019) Towards the development of general rules describing landscape heterogeneity-multifunctionality relationships. Journal of Applied Ecology,

Sirami, C. et al. (incl. Hass, A., Tscharntke, T.) ( 2019). Increasing crop heterogeneity enhances multitrophic diversity across agricultural regions Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116:16442–16447,

Hass, A. L., Brachmann, L., Batáry, P., Clough, Y., Behling, H. and Tscharntke, T. (2019) Maize-dominated landscapes reduce bumblebee colony growth through pollen diversity loss. Journal of Applied Ecology 56:294–304,

Settele, J., Heong, K.L. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2018) Rice ecosystem services in South-east Asia. Paddy and Water Environment, 16, 211-224.

Wietzke, A., Westphal, C., Gras, P., Kraft, M., Pfohl, K., Karlovsky, P., Pawelzik, E., Tscharntke, T. & Smit, I. (2018) Insect pollination as a key factor for strawberry physiology and marketable fruit quality. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 258, 197-204.

Grass, I., Bohle, V., Tscharntke, T. & Westphal, C. (2018) How plant reproductive success is determined by the interplay of antagonists and mutualists. Ecosphere, 9, 2

Sann, C., Theodorou, P., Heong, K.L., Villareal, S., Settele, J., Vidal, S. & Westphal, C. (2018) Hopper parasitoids do not significantly benefit from non-crop habitats in rice production landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 254, 224-232.

Hass, A.L., Liese, B., Heong, K.L., Settele, J., Tscharntke, T. & Westphal, C. (2018) Plant-pollinator interactions and bee functional diversity are driven by agroforests in rice-dominated landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 253, 140-147.

Marzinzig B., Brünjes L., Biagioni S., Behling H., Link W. & Westphal C. (2018). Bee pollinators of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) differ in their foraging behaviour and pollination efficiency. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 264, 24-33.

Spangenberg J.H., Beaurepaire A.L. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2018). The LEGATO cross-disciplinary integrated ecosystem service research framework: an example of integrating research results from the analysis of global change impacts and the social, cultural and economic system dynamics of irrigated rice production. Paddy and Water Environment, 16, 287-319.

Herbst, C., Arnold-Schwandner, S., Meiners, T., Peters, M.K., Rothenwöhrer, C., Steckel, J., Wäschke, N., Westphal, C. & Obermaier, E. (2017) Direct and indirect effects of agricultural intensification on a host-parasitoid system on the ribwort plantain (Plantago lanceolata L.) in a landscape context. Landscape Ecology, 32, 2015-2028.

Schrader, J., Franzén, M., Sattler, C., Ferderer, P., Westphal, C. (2017) Woody habitats promote pollinators and complexity of plant–pollinator interactions in homegardens located in rice terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras. Paddy and Water Environment, Volume 16, pages 253–263

Hudson, L.N. et al. (incl.Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2017) The database of the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems) project. Ecology and Evolution, 7, 145-188.

Gossner, M.M. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2016) Land-use intensification causes multitrophic homogenization of grassland communities. Nature, 540, 266-269.

Schlinkert, H., Westphal, C., Clough, Y., Grass, I., Helmerichs, J., Tscharntke, T. (2016) Plant size affects mutualistic and antagonistic interactions and reproductive success across 21 Brassicaceae species. Ecosphere, 7, e01529-n/a.

Soliveres, S., van der Plas, F., Manning, P. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2016) Biodiversity at multiple trophic levels is needed for ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature, 536, 456-459.

De Palma, A. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2016) Predicting bee community responses to land-use changes: Effects of geographic and taxonomic biases. Scientific Reports, 6, 31153

Kämper, W. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2016) How landscape, pollen intake and pollen quality affect colony growth in Bombus terrestris. Landscape Ecology, 1-14.

Soliveres, S. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2016) Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371.

Westphal, C., Vidal, S., Horgan, F.G., Gurr, G.M., Escalada, M., Van Chien, H., Tscharntke, T., Heong, K.L., Settele, J. (2015) Promoting multiple ecosystem services with flower strips and participatory approaches in rice production landscapes. Basic and Applied Ecology, 16, 681-689

Settele, J. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2015) Agricultural landscapes and ecosystem services in South-East Asia - the LEGATO-Project. Basic and Applied Ecology, 16, 661-664

Gámez-Virués, S. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2015) Landscape simplification filters species traits and drives biotic homogenization. Nature Communications, 6, 8568

Schlinkert, H., Westphal, C., Clough, Y., Laszlo, Z., Ludwig, M., Tscharntke, T. (2015) Plant Size as Determinant of Species Richness of Herbivores, Natural Enemies and Pollinators across 21 Brassicaceae Species. PLoS One, 10

Allan, E. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2015) Land use intensification alters ecosystem multifunctionality via loss of biodiversity and changes to functional composition. Ecology Letters, 18, 834-843.

Kleijn, D. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2015) Delivery of crop pollination services is an insufficient argument for wild pollinator conservation. Nature Communications, 6.

Perović, D., Gámez-Virués, al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2015) Configurational landscape heterogeneity shapes functional community composition of grassland butterflies. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52, 505-513. doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12394

Schlinkert, H., Westphal, C., Clough, Y., Ludwig, M., Kabouw, P., Tscharntke, T. (2015). Feeding damage to plants increases with plant size across 21 Brassicaceae species. Oecologia, 1-12.

Allan, E. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2014). Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111, 308-313.

Bartomeus, I., Potts, S.G., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Vaissiere, B.E., Woyciechowski, M., Krewenka, K.M., Tscheulin, T., Roberts, S.P.M., Szentgyorgyi, H., Westphal, C. & Bommarco, R. (2014). Contribution of insect pollinators to crop yield and quality varies with agricultural intensification. PeerJ, 2, e328-e328.

Klatt, B., Klaus, F., Westphal, C. & Tscharntke, T. (2014).Enhancing crop shelf life with pollination. Agriculture & Food Security, 3, 14.

Klatt, B.K., Holzschuh, A., Westphal, C., Clough, Y., Smit, I., Pawelzik, E. & Tscharntke, T. (2014). Bee pollination improves crop quality, shelf life and commercial value. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 281, 1471-2954.

Liu, Y.H., Rothenwohrer, C., Scherber, C., Batary, P., Elek, Z., Steckel, J., Erasmi, S., Tscharntke, T. & Westphal, C. (2014). Functional beetle diversity in managed grasslands: effects of region, landscape context and land use intensity. Landscape Ecology, 29, 529-540.

Steckel, J., Westphal, C., Peters, M.K., Bellach, M., Rothenwoehrer, C., Erasmi, S., Scherber, C., Tscharntke, T. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2014). Landscape composition and configuration differently affect trap-nesting bees, wasps and their antagonists. Biological Conservation, 172, 56-64.

Garibaldi, L.A. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2013). Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops regardless of honey bee abundance. Science, 339, 1608-1611.

Kennedy, C.M., et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2013). A global quantitative synthesis of local and landscape effects on wild bee pollinators in agroecosystems. Ecology Letters, 16, 584-599.

Klatt, B.K., Burmeister, C., Westphal, C., Tscharntke, T. & von Fragstein, M. (2013). Flower volatiles, crop varieties and bee responses. PLoS One, 8.

Tscharntke, T., Tylianakis, J.M., Rand, T.A., Didham, R.K., Fahrig, L., Batary, P., Bengtsson, J., Clough, Y., Crist, T.O., Dormann, C.F., Ewers, R.M., Frund, J., Holt, R.D., Holzschuh, A., Klein, A.M., Kleijn, D., Kremen, C., Landis, D.A., Laurance, W., Lindenmayer, D., Scherber, C., Sodhi, N., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Thies, C., van der Putten, W.H. & Westphal, C. (2012). Landscape moderation of biodiversity patterns and processes - eight hypotheses. Biological Reviews, 87, 661-685.

Garibaldi, L.A., Steffan-Dewenter, I. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2011). Stability of pollination services decreases with isolation from natural areas despite honey bee visits. Ecology Letters, 14, 1062-1072.

Moora, M., Berger, S. et al. (incl. Westphal, C.). (2011). Alien plants associate with widespread generalist arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal taxa: evidence from a continental-scale study using massively parallel 454 sequencing. Journal of Biogeography, 38, 1305–1317.

Nielsen, A., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Westphal, C. et al. (2011). Assessing bee species richness in two Mediterranean communities: importance of habitat type and sampling techniques. Ecological Research, 26, 969-983.

Hammen, V., Biesmeijer, al. (incl. Westphal, C.) (2010). Establishment of a cross-European field site network in the ALARM project for assessing large-scale changes in biodiversity. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 164, 337-348.

Schweiger, O., Biesmeijer, J.C., Bommarco, R., Hickler, T., Hulme, P.E., Klotz, S., Kuhn, I., Moora, M., Nielsen, A., Ohlemuller, R., Petanidou, T., Potts, S.G., Pysek, P., Stout, J.C., Sykes, M.T., Tscheulin, T., Vila, M., Walther, G.R., Westphal, C., Winter, M., Zobel, M. & Settele, J. (2010). Multiple stressors on biotic interactions: how climate change and alien species interact to affect pollination. Biological Reviews, 85, 777-795.

Carre, G., Roche, P., Chifflet, R., Morison, N., Bommarco, R., Harrison-Cripps, J., Krewenka, K., Potts, S.G., Roberts, S.P.M., Rodet, G., Settele, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Szentgyorgyi, H., Tscheulin, T., Westphal, C., Woyciechowski, M. & Vaissiere, B.E. (2009). Landscape context and habitat type as drivers of bee diversity in European annual crops. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 133, 40-47.

Westphal, C., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Tscharntke, T. (2009). Mass flowering oilseed rape improves early colony growth but not sexual reproduction of bumblebees. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 187-193.

Moron, D., Szentgyorgyi, H., Wantuch, M., Celary, W., Westphal, C., Settele, J. & Woyciechowski, M. (2008). Diversity of wild bees in wet meadows: Implications for conservation. Wetlands, 28, 975-983. (6) Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Westphal, C. (2008). The interplay of pollinator diversity, pollination services and landscape change. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 737-741.

Westphal, C., Bommarco, R., Carré, G., Lamborn, E., Morison, N., Petanidou, T., Potts, S.G., Roberts, S.P.M., Szentgyörgyi, H., Tscheulin, T., Vaissiére, B.E., Woyciechowski, M., Biesmeijer, J.C., Kunin, W.E., Settele, J. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2008). Measuring bee biodiversity in different European habitats and biogeographical regions. Ecological Monographs, 78, 653-671.

Herrmann, F., Westphal, C., Moritz, R.F.A. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2007). Genetic diversity and mass resources promote colony size and forager densities of a social bee (Bombus pascuorum) in agricultural landscapes. Molecular Ecology, 16, 1167-1178.

Westphal, C., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Tscharntke, T. (2006). Foraging trip duration of bumblebees in relation to landscape-wide resource availability. Ecological Entomology, 31, 389-394.

Westphal, C., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Tscharntke, T. (2006). Bumblebees experience landscapes at different spatial scales: possible implications for coexistence. Oecologia, 149, 289-300.

Westphal, C., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Tscharntke, T. (2003). Mass flowering crops enhance pollinator densities at a landscape scale. Ecology Letters, 6, 961-965.

Weier, S.M., Bringhenti, T., Anders, M., Abdulai, I., Foord, S., Grass, I., Lam, Q.D., Linden, V.M.G., Rötter, R.P., Westphal C. & Taylor, P.J. (2024). Management Options for Macadamia Orchards with Special Focus on Water Management and Ecosystem Services. In: Sustainability of Southern African Ecosystems under Global Change: Science for Management and Policy Interventions Springer International Publishing Cham, pp. 625-652.

Rakotomalala, A., Ocampo-Ariza, C., Arimond, I., Toledo-Hernández, M., Raveloaritiana, E., & Wurz, A. (2023). The importance of diversified farming for biodiversity: a synthesis based on studies by Teja Tscharntke. In Defining Agroecology - A Festschrift for Teja Tscharntke (pp. 255–275). Tredition, Hamburg.

Grass, I.,Wenzel, A., Raj, V., Subramanya, S., Westphal, C. & Tscharntke, T. (2021). Biodiversity of Birds Along the Rural–Urban Interface of the Indian Megacity Bengaluru. In: The Rural-Urban Interface: An Interdisciplinary Research Approach to Urbanisation Processes Around the Indian Megacity Bengaluru (eds. Hoffmann, E., Buerkert, A., von Cramon-Taubadel, S., Umesh, K.B., Pethandlahalli Shivaraj, P. & Vazhacharickal, P.J.). Springer International Publishing Cham, pp. 163-170.

Settele, J. et al. (incl. Annika L. Hass, Catrin Westphal) (2019), Rice Ecosystem Services in South-East Asia: the LEGATO project, its approaches and main results with a focus on biocontrol services, Atlas of Ecosystem Services, 373-382

Manning, P., Loos, J. et al. (incl. Westphal, C., Tscharntke, T.) (2019) Transferring biodiversity-ecosystem function research to the management of ‘real-world’ ecosystems, Advances in Ecological Research, Volume 61, 2019, Pages 323-356,

Loos, J., Batáry, P., Grass, I., Westphal, C., Bänsch, S., Baillod, A.B., Hass, A.L., Rosa, J., Tscharntke, T. (2019) Vulnerability of Ecosystem Services in Farmland Depends on Landscape Management. In: Atlas of Ecosystem Services: Drivers, Risks, and Societal Responses (eds. Schröter, M., Bonn, A., Klotz, S., Seppelt, R. & Baessler, C.). Springer International Publishing Cham, pp. 91-96.

Boch, S. et al. (incl. Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C.) (2016). Extensive und jährlich wechselnde Nutzungsintensität fördert den Artenreichtum im Grünland. ANLiegen Natur, 38, online,

Lakner, S., Brümmer, B., Cramon-Taubadel, S.v., Heß, J., Isselstein, J., Liebe, U., Marggraf, R., Oliver Mußhoff, Theuvsen, L., Tscharntke, T., Westphal, C. & Wiese, G. (2012). Der Kommissionsvorschlag zur GAP-Reform 2013 - aus Sicht von Göttinger und Witzenhäuser Agrarwissenschaftler(inne)n. In: Diskussionspapiere. Department für Agrarökonomie und Rurale Entwicklung, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen Göttingen.

Budrys, E., Ureta, J.A., Briliute, A., Cetkovic, A., Heinrich, S., Kröel-Dulay, G., Moora, M., Potts, S., Rortais, A., Sjödin, E., Szentgyoergyi, H., Torres, I., Vighi, M., Westphal, C. & Budriene, A. (2010). Cavity-Nesting Hymenoptera across Europe: a Study in ALARM Project Field Site Network Sites Using Small Trap-Nests on Trees and Buildings. In: ALARM Atlas (ed. J., S). PENSOFT Publishers Sofia, Bulgaria.

Hammen, V.C., Biesmeijer, J.C., Bommarco, R., Budrys, E., Christensen, T.R., Fronzek, S., Grabaum, R., Jaksic, P., Klotz, S., Kramarz, P., Kroel-Dulay, G., Kühn, I., Mirtl, M., Moora, M., Petanidou, T., Pino, J., Potts, S.G., Rortais, A., Schulze, C.H., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Stout, J., Szentgyörgyi, H., Vighi, M., Vujic, A., Westphal, C., Wolf, T., Zavala, G., Zobel, M., Settele, J. & Kunin, W.E. (2010). The ALARM Field Site Network FSN. In: ALARM Atlas (ed. Settele, Je). PENSOFT Publishers Sofia, Bulgaria.

Westphal, C., Bommarco, R., Carré, G., Lamborn, E., Morison, N., Petanidou, T., Potts, S.G., Roberts, S.P.M., Szentgyörgyi, H., Tscheulin, T., Vaissiére, B.E., Woyciechowski, M., Biesmeijer, J.C., Kunin, W.E., Settele, J. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2010). Methods to quantify pollinator loss. In: ALARM Atlas (ed. Settele, J). PENSOFT Publishers Sofia, Bulgaria.

Anders M., Westphal C. & Grass I. (2024). Boosting Macadamia Nut Production Sustainably Through Smart Orchard Design. Nutfruit. INC International Nut & Dried Fruit, Reus, Spain, pp. 25-26. PDF (also view

Tagungsband zur 68. Jahrestagung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Institute für Bienenforschung e.V., Göttingen, 24.03.2021. Online Tagung veranstaltet von der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Institute für Bienenforschung e.V., Herausgeber: Simone Pfeiffer (Zentrum für Biodiversität und Nachhaltige Landnutzung) und Catrin Westphal (Funktionelle Agrobiodiversität), Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.