Good scientific practice - what is it about?
"The conduct of science rests on basic principles valid in all countries and in all scientific disciplines. The first among these is honesty towards oneself and towards others. Honesty is both an ethical principle and the basis for the rules, the details of which differ by discipline, of professional conduct in science, i.e. of good scientific practice" (Memorandum of the German Research Foundation DFG, 2013:67)
Scientific integrity requires that the rules of good scientific practice are respected. Violations of these standards not only endanger science itself; it also impairs society's trust in research and thus the preconditions for support of the academic system. With this in mind, the University of Göttingen and the University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) have drawn up the “Rules of the University of Göttingen Governing the Safeguarding of Good Scientific Practice” based on the DFG (German Research Foundation) recommendations (2013). These Rules are binding for all members of the University.
In concrete terms, this practice means that
- appropriate methods are used and all results are consistently doubted by oneself,
- academic qualification work is actually based on personal contribution,
- preliminary academic work should be adequately considered and correctly cited,
- the authors listed in a publication have actually contributed substantially to the creation of the work,
- one’s own research data can be checked and used by others within the framework of standards customary in the respective field,
- scientists and scholars who teach and instruct meet their responsibility for communicating these principles and ensure adequate supervision.