Identification and characterization of Actinomycetes derived from Indonesian soil samples

The Actinomycetes are an order within the Actinobacteria, which are often called Actinomycetes. Actinobacteria is one of the dominant bacterial phyla in soils. Streptomyces and other Actinobacteria are major contributors to biological buffering of soils. They are also the source of many antibiotics. Actinobacteria-derived antibiotics that are important in medicine include aminoglycosides, anthracyclines, chloramphenicol, macrolide and tetracycline. Actinomycetes, one of the most diverse groups of filamentous soil bacteria, are well recognized for their metabolic versatility. Many species of Actinomycetes occur in soil and are harmless to animals and higher plants, while some are important pathogens, and many others are beneficial sources of antibiotics. The bioactive potential of these bacteria facilitates their survival even in distress and unfavorable ecological soil conditions. A multitude of primary and secondary metabolites is produced by Actinomycetes. The aim is to perform an initial identification and characterization of Indonesian Actinobacterial isolates, which are important drivers of microbial soil communities.